Tropical Cyclone Matmo/Bulbul - Oct 2019Ongoing
Tropical Cyclone MATMO formed over the South China Sea on 29 October, moving west-northwest towards Vietnam. On 30 October at 0.00 UTC, its centre was approximately 275 km east-southeast of Quy Nhon City (Binh Dinh Province, central Vietnam) with maximum sustained winds of 65 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 30 Oct 2019)
Tropical depression MATMO was moving into Cambodia from Vietnam on 31 October and is expected to bring heavy rain to the central part of Thailand, where temperatures are also dropping over next few days. Strong winds and heavy rains have resulted in power loss and damaged buildings and houses in the southern central provinces of Binh Din and Phú Yên, Vietnam. The authorities evacuated around 15,000 households to safer places. A considerable rise of the water level of Rivers in Phú Yên, including Cai River have been observed representing a high flooding risk. In Quang Ngãi Province, many houses were damaged and trees were uprooted, particularly in local southern districts. (ECHO, 1 Nov 2019)
The Central Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control of Vietnam reported, that Typhoon Matmo has destroyed 179 houses, damaged 2,314 buildings and 35 schools in the provinces of Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Gia Lai and Thua Thien Hue. As of 4 November, 1 person is reported missing, 14 people have been injured and 20,000 displaced. (ECHO, 4 Nov 2019)
After passing over south-east Asia, Tropical Cyclone MATMO has reformed over the Bay of Bengal. On 7 November its centre was approximately 480 km south-west of Ayeyarwady Region...with maximum sustained winds of 93 km/h...On 7-8 November, rain and thunderstorms are forecast over eastern Myanmar, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) and strong winds in West Bengal. Preparedness planning is ongoing in the Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh, which hosts close to a million refugees. (ECHO, 7 Nov 2019)
The severe cyclonic storm ‘Bulbul’ has intensified into a very severe cyclonic storm as it moves towards the West Bengal and Bangladesh coast. The system is likely to intensify further before turning north-east across the West Bengal - Bangladesh coast between Sagar Islands and Khepupara, across Sundarbans delta on 10 November with maximum sustained wind speed of 110-120 km/h to 135 km/h. Heavy to very heavy rain and strong winds are forecast over West Bengal and Odisha coasts in India, and Khulna and Barisal divisions in Bangladesh over the next 4 days. (ECHO, 8 Nov 2019)
As of 10 November, the system has weakened to a Cyclonic Storm with a maximum sustained wind speed of 80-90 km/h and centred over Southwestern part of Bangladesh. It is expected to further move northeasterly direction and weaken gradually. (ECHO, 10 Nov 2019)
The number of fatalities in West Bengal State (India) and southern Bangladesh has increased to 20, after Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November. According to media reports, 10 people died in West Bengal, and 2 more deaths were reported in Odisha State (north-east India). Over 26,000 houses were damaged. In Bangladesh, 8 people died, 15 fishermen are still missing, and at least 30 people are injured. More than 17,000 houses have been damaged and river embankments were breached in Barguna district (Barisal Division, southern Bangladesh). Disaster response teams from India and Bangladesh have been deployed to the affected areas and food and relief items are being distributed to the population. (ECHO, 11 Nov 2019)
After Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November, the number of fatalities has increased to 24 (12 in India and 12 in Bangladesh). According to DG ECHO and UN OCHA, 28 people are still missing in Bangladesh, 71 have been injured and 2,106,918 have been evacuated to 5,787 evacuation centres. A total of 50,287 houses have been damaged or destroyed and more than 60,000 ha of crops have been affected. For the next 24 hours, light to moderate rain is expected across South Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram as BULBUL moves slightly east-northeast, weakening to a low-pressure area. (ECHO, 12 Nov 2019)
Most read reports
- UNDRR: Bangladesh: from cyclones to multi-hazard. 13 Dec 2019
- Christian Aid: Cyclone Bulbul a month on: the impact on Bangladesh’s coastal communities. 9 Dec 2019
- Start Network: Southern Bangladesh: Cyclone Bulbul Briefing Note – 12 November 2019. 13 Nov 2019
- Oxfam: Tidal surge risk as Cyclone Bulbul nears India and Bangladesh – Oxfam prepares to respond. 9 Nov 2019
- IFRC: Bangladesh: Cyclone Bulbul - Information bulletin. 9 Nov 2019
By Denis McClean
DHAKA, 13 December, 2019 - A new record for evacuations was set in Bangladesh a month ago when the government Cyclone Preparedness Programme (CPP) evacuated 2.1 million people before Cyclone Bulbul made landfall on the Sundarbans coast.
The storm highlights why the CPP is planning to expand its geographical coverage and to grow from 55,000 volunteers to 200,000 over the next five years as it also prepares to go beyond cyclones to tackle other natural hazards including earthquakes.
One month ago, on November 9 2019, Category 2 Cyclone Bulbul made landfall over India. A day later, the storm entered Bangladesh through the Buri Goalini Range of the Sundarbans, in the Shyamnagar Upazila of Satkhira District.
The cyclone stayed in Bangladesh for approximately 36 hours: it was one of the longest enduring cyclones the country has faced in more than five decades.
In a PIB Press Release ID: 1594670, dated 3rd December 2019, Titled – ‘Centre releases Rs. 414.90 crore and Rs. 552.00 crore to the cyclone “Bulbul” affected states of West Bengal and Odisha respectively under SDRF’, the funds released were inadvertently linked to Cyclone Bulbul.
It is clarified that funds are made available to States in their SDRF in advance for meeting relief expenditure for natural disasters, including cyclone. During 2019-20, Rs.414.90 crores and Rs.552 crores already released to cyclone affected states of West Bengal and Odisha under SDRF.
911,556 Rohingya refugees in camps
1,245,000 people in need
837,910 people assisted in October through a combination of:
in-kind (394,955 individuals)
State Inter Agency Group West Bengal has conducted a Joint Rapid Need Assessment in the three worst hit cyclone Bulbul affected Coastal districts of Southern Bengal.
By Rafiqul Islam
BHOLA, Bangladesh, Nov 28 2019 (IPS) - It was almost a decade ago when Ruma Begum and her family left their home in Bangladesh’s coastal Tazumuddin upazila or sub-district and travelled some 50 km away to start a new life. They had been driven out of their home by an extreme and changing climate that has continued to ravage the district of Bhola.
Tropical Cyclone Matmo causes no major damage in Cox’s Bazar refugee camps
Relief agencies continue to provide emergency assistance to vulnerable populations in Rakhine despite humanitarian access constraints and insecurity
BANGLADESH / INDIA
A. Situation Analysis
Description of the Disaster
A active Western Disturbance and its interaction with remnant of Very Severe Cyclonic Storm “MAHA” caused largely excess rainfall over most of the sub-divisions of northwest India, in result, rainfall was 849% above Long period Average (LPA) over northwest India during last week (07 to 13 November, 2019).
Deadly Cyclone Bulbul made a landfall in Bangladesh late on Saturday night causing torrential rains, powerful winds and severe flooding. More than 150,000 people were evacuated and forced to take refuge in special shelters as the storm packed powerful winds of up to 74 kilometre per hour and forced the closure of ports and airports.
Damages caused by the severe cyclonic storm Bulbul, which hit Bangladesh on 9 November, 2019, were mostly evident in Southern Bangladesh. The cyclone brought heavy rainfall and strong winds in the coastal areas damaging households, destroying agricultural land and fish enclosures, uprooting trees and disrupting communication.
SEEDS is promptly reaching out to the 4.6 Lakh people affected by Cyclone Bulbul, which wreaked havoc on 9-10 November 2019 in West Bengal. High-speed cyclonic winds and heavy rainfall have left a trail of destruction primarily in the three worst-affected districts of South 24 Parganas,
North 24 Parganas and East Medinipur in the deltaic region of Sunderbans. SEEDS is responding to affected communities in South 24 Parganas district.
Islamic Relief assists government evacuation efforts in Bangladesh and provides emergency aid to survivors of Cyclone Bulbul.
Deadly Cyclone Bulbul made a landfall in Bangladesh late on Saturday night, causing torrential rains, powerful winds and severe flooding.
More than 150,000 people were evacuated and forced to take refuge in special shelters as the storm packed powerful winds of up to 74 kilometre per hour and forced the closure of ports and airports.
Briefing Note: Southern Bangladesh – Cyclone Bulbul (13 November 2019)
A severe cyclonic storm Bulbul, hit Bangladesh on 9 November, 2019 through Khulna division. Maximum sustained wind speed within 64 km of the severe cyclone center was about 100 kph rising to 120 kph in gusts/squalls according to the Met office. The coastal areas receiver heavy rainfall prior to the cyclone’s arrival which continued as the cyclone passed.
Cyclone Bulbul made landfall near Sagar Island before moving into Bangladesh, with wind speeds of 75mph causing tidal surges around coastal areas. 12 people have been killed and at least 20 more people injured.
Bangladesh's two biggest ports, Mongla and Chittagong, have closed and flights into Chittagong airport have been stopped for safety reasons. The closure of transport hubs has left thousands of people stranded on islands off the coast, including St Martin's Island.
- After Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November, the number of fatalities has increased to 24 (12 in India and 12 in Bangladesh).
- According to DG ECHO and UN OCHA, 28 people are still missing in Bangladesh, 71 have been injured and 2,106,918 have been evacuated to 5,787 evacuation centres.