Tropical Cyclone Fani - Apr 2019Ongoing
According to Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD), Tropical Cyclone FANI was 1,665 km south of Cox’s Bazar port. The storm is likely to intensify further and move in a north-westerly direction. Seas will remain very rough and maritime ports of Chattogram, Cox’s Bazar, Mongla, and Payra remain under a storm advisory. (ECHO, 28 Apr 2019)
Tropical Cyclone FANI is moving north-west over the southern Bay of Bengal. On 29 April its centre was located approximately 610 km east of Trincomalee City (Sri Lanka) and 930 km north-east of Chennai City (Tamil Nadu, India) with maximum sustained winds of 83 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 29 Apr 2019)
Cyclone Fani has further intensified into an “severe cyclonic storm” and is approaching the Odisha coast. It is likely to cross Odisha Coast somewhere between Gopalpur and Chandbali, south of Puri district around 3 May. A red alert warning for 17 districts of Odisha has been issued on 30 April. After landfall, it is likely to move to Khurda, Cuttack, Jajpur, Bhadrak and Balasore districts of Odisha and then enter to West Bengal. (ECHO, 1 May 2019)
Tropical Cyclone FANI made landfall between Brahmagiri village and Puri City (Odisha State, India) on the morning of 3 May, with maximum sustained winds up to 240 km/h (Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale)...Over 1 million people have been evacuated from coastal communities in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh and 4 852 shelters have been set up. Rail, road and air traffic have been suspended. In Bangladesh, national authorities have ordered the evacuation of 19 coastal districts and 3 868 evacuation shelters have been opened. (ECHO, 3 May 2019)
According to [BMD] on May 4 the severe cyclonic storm FANI weakened into a deep depression and it is likely to move North-North-Easter direction further inland and weaken gradually. The coastal districts of Chattogram, Noakhali, Laxmipur, Feni, Chandpur, Borguna, Bhola, Patuakhali, Barishal, Pirozpur, Jhalokathi, Bagherhat, Khulna, Satkhira and their offshore islands are likely to be inundated by storm surges of two to four feet height above normal astronomical tide levels. Gust wind speed of 40-50 kilometres per hour are registered over north Bay of Bengal. International media has reported 50 people injured and 14 deaths including children due to tree falls and wall collapse in Barguna, Noakhali and Patuakhali. At least 36 villages in Patuakhali, Bagerhat, Bhola and Satkhira were inundated as storm surges breached earthen dykes and overflew them, according to the National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC). A total of 32.28km of earthen dykes were damaged. Around 13,000 houses were fully or partially damaged due to cyclonic storm in the coastal districts, including Bhola, Chandpur, Bagerhat, Khulna, Satkhira, Patuakhali and Barguna, according to the NDRCC. Crops on 330 acres were totally damaged while those on 52,728 acres were partially affected. According to the Category 1 Report for 4 May by Site Management and Site Sector in Cox’s Bazar, 144 refugees’ households representing 646 refugees are affected by the storm. (ECHO, 5 May 2019)
As of 6 May at 8.00 UTC, at least 33 people have been reported dead in India and another 17 in Bangladesh following the passage of Tropical Cyclone FANI. Odisha State has been the most heavily affected, with electricity and infrastructure damaged. According to the authorities, all families in Puri and Khurda districts have been "extremely severely affected" and the response is underway across 10,000 villages and 52 urban areas in north-eastern India. 13,000 houses have been damaged in Bangladesh according to preliminary estimates and national humanitarian assistance has been provided to affected families. The early evacuation of one million people in India and 1.6 million in Bangladesh prevented a higher number of fatalities, considering the cylone's severity. Tropical Cyclone FANI has now dissipated. (ECHO, 6 May 2019)
The death toll from Tropical Cyclone FANI has increased to 42 in India, while 17 fatalities have been confirmed in Bangladesh by UN OCHA. Approximately 10 million people from coastal areas in the north-eastern States of India have been affected by the tropical cyclone. (ECHO, 7 May 2019)
Despite the success in avoiding higher death tolls, the cyclone has severely affected lives and livelihoods of more than 28 million people across 3 States in India. 24 districts have been affected across the states of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. Severely impacted areas are all in Odisha, mainly the districts of Puri (where the cyclone made landfall), Khurdha, Cuttack, Nayagarh and Jagatsinghpur. More than 4.8 million children are directly impacted by the cyclone in the state of Odisha alone, most them residing in villages and slums deprived of even basic necessities. Critical services to children continue to be disrupted in the affected districts even after a week. (UNICEF, 12 May 2019)
Most read reports
- HAI: Cyclone Fani response in Odisha. 10 May 2019
- Thomson Reuters Foundation: Rising heat scorches recovery efforts in cyclone-hit Indian state. 20 May 2019
- AMDA: AMDA Relief #1: Cyclone Fani, India. 20 May 2019
- Govt. India: Sub: Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm “FANI” over Westcentral & adjoining Northwest Bay of Bengal: Cyclone Warning for Odisha, West Bengal and Srikakulam, Vijayanagaram & Visakhapatnam Districts of Andhra Pradesh Coasts: Red Message. 2 May 2019
- AMDA: AMDA Relief #2: Cyclone Fani, India. 23 May 2019
Ministry of Defence
Description of the disaster
THE VERY SEVERE CYCLONIC STORM “FANI” ECP: 970 hPa OVER WESTCENTRAL BAY AND ADJOINING AREA MOVED NORTHWARDS FURTHER OVER THE SAME AREA (LAT. 14.8°N, LONG. 83.9°E) AND WAS CENTRED AT 06 PM TODAY (1ST MAY 2019) ABOUT 1205 KM SOUTHWEST OF CHATTOGRAM PORT, 1160 KM SOUTHWEST OF COX’S BAZAR PORT, 1060 KM SOUTHWEST OF MONGLA PORT AND 1070 KM SOUTHWEST OF PAYRA PORT. IT IS LIKELY TO INTENSIFY FURTHER AND MOVE IN A NORTH /NORTHEASTERLY DIRECTION.
- Cyclone Fani, has further intensified into an “severe cyclonic storm” and is approaching the Odisha coast. It is likely to cross Odisha Coast somewhere between Gopalpur and Chandbali, south of Puri district around 3 May.
- A red alert warning for 17 districts of Odisha has been issued on 30 April. After landfall, it is likely to move to Khurda, Cuttack, Jajpur, Bhadrak and Balasore districts of Odisha and then enter to West Bengal.
- Damaging winds up to 170 km/h to 185 km/h, gusting up to 205 kph with intense lightning strikes are also predicted.
India Meteorological Department PRESS RELEASE-8
Time of issue: 1620 hours IST
According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD) bulletin-25 , the very severe cyclonic storm “FANI” (ECP:970 hPa) (pronunciation Foni) over west-central bay and adjoining area moved northwestwards further over the same area and was centered about 1235 KM southwest of Chattogram port, 1190 km Southwest of Cox’s Bazar port, 1095 km southwest of Mongla port and 1100 km southwest of Payra port at 12noon today the 1st May 2019. It is likely to intensify further and move in a north/ northwesterly direction.
For Island and Deep and shallow sea areas to the East, Southeast and North of Sri Lanka
PLEASE BE AWARE!
The Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm ‘FANI’ (pronounced as FONI) over southwest Bay of Bengal to the Northeast of Sri Lanka, was located near latitude 14.1N, Longitude 83.9E at 08.30 a.m. of 01st May 2019, about 680 km northeast of Trincomalee. It is likely to move northwestwards till 01st May noon and thereafter recurve north-northeastwards towards Odisha Coast, India while moving away from the island.
India Meteorological Department BULLETIN NO. : 35 (BOB/02/2019)
TIME OF ISSUE: 0145 HOURS IST
MAPUTO/DHAKA (April 30, 2019) — As Cyclone Fani approaches India and Bangladesh, CARE experts have warned that the increased occurrences of disasters in poorer countries is saddling millions of innocent people with the “debt of climate change.”
THE VERY SEVERE CYCLONIC STORM “FANI” ECP: 970 hPa OVER WESTCENTRAL BAY AND ADJOINING SOUTHWEST BAY AND SOUTHEAST BAY MOVED NORTH-NORTHWESTWARDS, INTENSIFIED FURTHER OVER THE SAME AREA (LAT. 13.5°N, LONG. 84.5°E) AND WAS CENTRED AT 09 PM TODAY (30 APRIL 2019)
ABOUT 1260 KM SOUTHWEST OF CHATTOGRAM PORT, 1210 KM SOUTHWEST OF COX’S BAZAR PORT, 1145 KM SOUTHWEST OF MONGLA PORT AND 1140 KM SOUTHWEST OF PAYRA PORT. IT IS LIKELY TO INTENSIFY FURTHER AND MOVE IN A NORTH /NORTHWESTERLY DIRECTION.
India Meteorological Department PRESS RELEASE-7
Time of issue: 1630 hours IST
On 26 April 2019, a low-pressure system named Cyclone Fani, developed over the Indian Ocean and adjoining Bay of Bengal.
Tropical Cyclone FANI is moving over the Bay of Bengal, toward the eastern coast of India. On 30 April at 0.00 UTC, its centre was located approximately 650 km south-east of Chennai City (Tamil Nadu, India) and 700 km north-east of Point Pedro town (Northern Province, Sri Lanka), with maximum sustained winds of 157 km/h.
In the next 24 hours, it is forecast to move further north-west, intensifying with maximum sustained winds up to 204 km/h.
Tropical Cyclone FANI is moving north-west over the southern Bay of Bengal. On 29 April its centre was located approximately 610 km east of Trincomalee City (Sri Lanka) and 930 km north-east of Chennai City (Tamil Nadu, India) with maximum sustained winds of 83 km/h (tropical storm).
Over the next 24 hours, it will strengthen to a severe cyclonic storm, with maximum sustained winds up to 120 km/h.
A warning for very strong winds, heavy rainfall and rough sea has been issued for coastal areas of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha, India.