Tropical Cyclone Fani - Apr 2019Ongoing
According to Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD), Tropical Cyclone FANI was 1,665 km south of Cox’s Bazar port. The storm is likely to intensify further and move in a north-westerly direction. Seas will remain very rough and maritime ports of Chattogram, Cox’s Bazar, Mongla, and Payra remain under a storm advisory. (ECHO, 28 Apr 2019)
Tropical Cyclone FANI is moving north-west over the southern Bay of Bengal. On 29 April its centre was located approximately 610 km east of Trincomalee City (Sri Lanka) and 930 km north-east of Chennai City (Tamil Nadu, India) with maximum sustained winds of 83 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 29 Apr 2019)
Cyclone Fani has further intensified into an “severe cyclonic storm” and is approaching the Odisha coast. It is likely to cross Odisha Coast somewhere between Gopalpur and Chandbali, south of Puri district around 3 May. A red alert warning for 17 districts of Odisha has been issued on 30 April. After landfall, it is likely to move to Khurda, Cuttack, Jajpur, Bhadrak and Balasore districts of Odisha and then enter to West Bengal. (ECHO, 1 May 2019)
Tropical Cyclone FANI made landfall between Brahmagiri village and Puri City (Odisha State, India) on the morning of 3 May, with maximum sustained winds up to 240 km/h (Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale)...Over 1 million people have been evacuated from coastal communities in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh and 4 852 shelters have been set up. Rail, road and air traffic have been suspended. In Bangladesh, national authorities have ordered the evacuation of 19 coastal districts and 3 868 evacuation shelters have been opened. (ECHO, 3 May 2019)
According to [BMD] on May 4 the severe cyclonic storm FANI weakened into a deep depression and it is likely to move North-North-Easter direction further inland and weaken gradually. The coastal districts of Chattogram, Noakhali, Laxmipur, Feni, Chandpur, Borguna, Bhola, Patuakhali, Barishal, Pirozpur, Jhalokathi, Bagherhat, Khulna, Satkhira and their offshore islands are likely to be inundated by storm surges of two to four feet height above normal astronomical tide levels. Gust wind speed of 40-50 kilometres per hour are registered over north Bay of Bengal. International media has reported 50 people injured and 14 deaths including children due to tree falls and wall collapse in Barguna, Noakhali and Patuakhali. At least 36 villages in Patuakhali, Bagerhat, Bhola and Satkhira were inundated as storm surges breached earthen dykes and overflew them, according to the National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC). A total of 32.28km of earthen dykes were damaged. Around 13,000 houses were fully or partially damaged due to cyclonic storm in the coastal districts, including Bhola, Chandpur, Bagerhat, Khulna, Satkhira, Patuakhali and Barguna, according to the NDRCC. Crops on 330 acres were totally damaged while those on 52,728 acres were partially affected. According to the Category 1 Report for 4 May by Site Management and Site Sector in Cox’s Bazar, 144 refugees’ households representing 646 refugees are affected by the storm. (ECHO, 5 May 2019)
As of 6 May at 8.00 UTC, at least 33 people have been reported dead in India and another 17 in Bangladesh following the passage of Tropical Cyclone FANI. Odisha State has been the most heavily affected, with electricity and infrastructure damaged. According to the authorities, all families in Puri and Khurda districts have been "extremely severely affected" and the response is underway across 10,000 villages and 52 urban areas in north-eastern India. 13,000 houses have been damaged in Bangladesh according to preliminary estimates and national humanitarian assistance has been provided to affected families. The early evacuation of one million people in India and 1.6 million in Bangladesh prevented a higher number of fatalities, considering the cylone's severity. Tropical Cyclone FANI has now dissipated. (ECHO, 6 May 2019)
The death toll from Tropical Cyclone FANI has increased to 42 in India, while 17 fatalities have been confirmed in Bangladesh by UN OCHA. Approximately 10 million people from coastal areas in the north-eastern States of India have been affected by the tropical cyclone. (ECHO, 7 May 2019)
Most read reports
- HAI: Cyclone Fani response in Odisha. 10 May 2019
- Govt. India: Centre extends GST return filing dates in Cyclone Fani hit Odisha. 19 May 2019
- Thomson Reuters Foundation: Rising heat scorches recovery efforts in cyclone-hit Indian state. 20 May 2019
- Govt. India: Sub: Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm “FANI” over Westcentral & adjoining Northwest Bay of Bengal: Cyclone Warning for Odisha, West Bengal and Srikakulam, Vijayanagaram & Visakhapatnam Districts of Andhra Pradesh Coasts: Red Message. 2 May 2019
- AMDA: AMDA Relief #1: Cyclone Fani, India. 20 May 2019
Stamford, Conn. – May 3, 2019 – Americares India is preparing to deliver medicine and relief supplies to assist survivors of India’s worst cyclone in decades.
Cyclone Fani made landfall in Odisha Friday morning local time with wind gusts over 120 mph—the equivalent of a Category 3 hurricane. More than 1 million people evacuated India’s east coast as the storm approached, taking refuge from the heavy rains and punishing winds in more than 800 emergency shelters.
5 May 2019: After crossing Bangladesh on Saturday without causing major damage, Cyclone “Fani” has dissipated. According to the Bangladesh Metrological Department’s latest weather situation update, issued on 5 May, squalls were now unlikely over the North Bay and adjoining coastal areas. Maritime ports in Chattogram, Cox’s Bazar, Mongla and Payra have been advised to lower the level of their warning signal.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
According to the latest information provided by India Meteorological Department (IMD), as of 5 May 2019, the Severe Cyclonic Storm “FANI‟ (pronounced as ‘FONI’) is currently weakened into a depression and lay over Western Meghalaya and adjoining Bangladesh weakened further. It is very likely to move northeastwards and become insignificant.
- According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department’s (BMD) on May 4 the severe cyclonic storm FANI weakened into a deep depression and it is likely to move North-North-Easter direction further inland and weaken gradually.
- The coastal districts of Chattogram, Noakhali, Laxmipur, Feni, Chandpur, Borguna, Bhola, Patuakhali, Barishal, Pirozpur, Jhalokathi, Bagherhat, Khulna, Satkhira and their offshore islands are likely to be inundated by storm surges of two to four feet height above normal astronomical tide levels.
Powerful Cyclone Fani, at its worst an “extremely severe” storm, brought heavy rainfall and winds of 209 km/h to communities across India and Bangladesh. About 15 deaths have been reported so far, and hundreds of homes are likely to have been damaged.
1. Situation overview:
i. A Low pressure area was formed over east equatorial Indian Ocean (EIO) and adjoining southeast of Bay of Bengal (BoB) on 25.04.2019 intensifying into a Severe Cyclonic Storm over southeast & adjoining southwest BoB.
ii. It intensified into a very cyclonic storm “FANI” over southeast & adjoining southwest BoBon 30.04.2019 and further intensifying into Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm ‘Fani’ over westcentral & adjoining southwest BoB on 01.05.2019.
By BBC Media Action
A range of communication materials have been produced by BBC Media Action, on behalf of Shongjog, targeted towards flood-affected communities. Agencies looking to respond following Cyclone Fani may find these tools useful - they are free to download and use by any humanitarian agency.
Tools are in Bangla and are appropriate for use throughout Bangladesh - but not within the refugee camps in Cox's Bazar, where they are unlikely to be understood.
The following tools are available:
1. Situation overview:
According to AP-New Delhi news, Cyclone Fani made landfall on India’s eastern coast on Friday as a grade 5 storm, lashing beaches with rain and wind gusting up to 205 kilometers (127 miles) per hour. The India Meteorological Department said the “extremely severe” cyclone in the Bay of Bengal hit the coastal state of Odisha around 8 a.m., and was forecast to weaken to a “very severe” storm as it moved north-northeast toward the Indian state of West Bengal.
Severe Cyclonic Storm
According to the observations at (07:30)hrs M.S.T today, the Severe Cyclonic Storm "FANI" over the ODISHA Coast moved North-Northeastwards over Ganetic West Bengal. It lies at about (80) miles North-Northeast of Balasore(India) and (25) miles west of Kolkata (India). It is forecast to move North-Northeastwards.
During next (12)hrs forecast
PRESS RELEASE- 12
Time of issue: 1600 hours IST
• A severe cyclonic storm, Fani, has begun to strike Bangladesh early hours of 4 May, bringing with it high winds and heavy rainfall. Over ten million people in the country are expected to be affected.
• Almost 1.3 million people have been evacuated to cyclone shelters across affected areas of western and southern Bangladesh.
4 May 2019: According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department’s (BMD) Special Weather Bulletin No. 45, severe cyclonic storm “Fani” weakened into a deep depression located over the Paban-Tangail-Mymensingh region and adjoining area. Under the influence of “Fani,” the sky remains overcast and rain/thunder showers with gusty/squally wind is continuing at many locations throughout the country. Presently, windspeed of about 50-60 kilometers per hour is likely at many locations around the country, while windspeed of about 40-50 kilometers per hour is likely over the North Bay area.
Oxfam India’s humanitarian teams are assessing the damage caused by Cyclone Fani, the worst cyclone that India has witnessed in the last 20 years.
The teams have pre-positioned stocks ready to respond with clean water, hygiene kits, emergency food security and temporary shelter support.
- According to the India Meteorological Department, the extremely severe cyclonic storm weakened into "very severe" as it approached Bengal. The storm is now laying close Kolkata, West Bengal and moving further in a north-north east direction. It is expected to reach Bangladesh around noon as a deep depression with winds around 50-60 km/h.
- Continuous rainfall is being reported from all parts of Odisha and coastal districts of West Bengal.
Medical providers mobilizing as deadly storm moves through region.
By Lara Cooper
MAY 3, 2019 3:10 PM
Cyclone Fani made landfall in India on Friday, the strongest to make landfall in the country in two decades. At least seven people died in Odisha state after the cyclone made landfall on Friday, according to local police.
Damage reports are still emerging, but more than 1 million people were evacuated from coastal areas of India as a precaution.
Very Severe Cyclonic Storm
According to the observations at (18:30)hrs M.S.T today, the Very Severe Cyclonic Storm "FANI" has crossed to the ODISHA Coast near Puri (India). It lies at about (15) miles Northeast of Bubaneshwar(India) and (95) miles Southwest of Baripada(India). It is forecast to move North-Northeastwards.
During next (24)hrs forecast
PRESS RELEASE- 11
Time of issue: 1615 hours IST
Yesterday’s extremely severe cyclonic storm over westcentral Bay of Bengal (BoB) moved north-northeastwards and crossed Odisha coast close to Puri with maximum sustained wind speed of 175-185 kmph gusting to 205 kmph between 0800 to 1000 hrs IST of today, the 03rd May, 2019. It weakened into a very severe cyclonic storm at 1130 hrs IST of 03 rd May, 2019 and lay centred over coastal Odisha near latitude 20.2°N and longitude 85.9°E, about 10 km east of Bhubaneswar (Odisha) and 30 km south of Cuttack (Odisha) .
The extremely severe cyclonic storm ‘Cyclone Fani’, with wind speeds touching 180 kmph, made landfall in Puri district, Odisha, on 3rd May 2019. Initial reports indicate that the winds and flooding have caused widespread damage to houses, drinking water sources, trees, public infrastructure, schools and health facilities.
Cyclonic storm ‘FANI’ over West central and adjoining areas of Bay of Bengal
Parts of the Khulna and adjoining South-western part of Bangladesh started to inundated by evening of 03 May 2019 High likelihood of PERIPHERAL EFFECT OF THE VERY SEVERE CYCLONIC STORM “FANI” BY THE MORNING to evening of OF 04 MAY 2019.