Tropical Cyclone Fani - Apr 2019Ongoing
According to Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD), Tropical Cyclone FANI was 1,665 km south of Cox’s Bazar port. The storm is likely to intensify further and move in a north-westerly direction. Seas will remain very rough and maritime ports of Chattogram, Cox’s Bazar, Mongla, and Payra remain under a storm advisory. (ECHO, 28 Apr 2019)
Tropical Cyclone FANI is moving north-west over the southern Bay of Bengal. On 29 April its centre was located approximately 610 km east of Trincomalee City (Sri Lanka) and 930 km north-east of Chennai City (Tamil Nadu, India) with maximum sustained winds of 83 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 29 Apr 2019)
Cyclone Fani has further intensified into an “severe cyclonic storm” and is approaching the Odisha coast. It is likely to cross Odisha Coast somewhere between Gopalpur and Chandbali, south of Puri district around 3 May. A red alert warning for 17 districts of Odisha has been issued on 30 April. After landfall, it is likely to move to Khurda, Cuttack, Jajpur, Bhadrak and Balasore districts of Odisha and then enter to West Bengal. (ECHO, 1 May 2019)
Tropical Cyclone FANI made landfall between Brahmagiri village and Puri City (Odisha State, India) on the morning of 3 May, with maximum sustained winds up to 240 km/h (Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale)...Over 1 million people have been evacuated from coastal communities in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh and 4 852 shelters have been set up. Rail, road and air traffic have been suspended. In Bangladesh, national authorities have ordered the evacuation of 19 coastal districts and 3 868 evacuation shelters have been opened. (ECHO, 3 May 2019)
According to [BMD] on May 4 the severe cyclonic storm FANI weakened into a deep depression and it is likely to move North-North-Easter direction further inland and weaken gradually. The coastal districts of Chattogram, Noakhali, Laxmipur, Feni, Chandpur, Borguna, Bhola, Patuakhali, Barishal, Pirozpur, Jhalokathi, Bagherhat, Khulna, Satkhira and their offshore islands are likely to be inundated by storm surges of two to four feet height above normal astronomical tide levels. Gust wind speed of 40-50 kilometres per hour are registered over north Bay of Bengal. International media has reported 50 people injured and 14 deaths including children due to tree falls and wall collapse in Barguna, Noakhali and Patuakhali. At least 36 villages in Patuakhali, Bagerhat, Bhola and Satkhira were inundated as storm surges breached earthen dykes and overflew them, according to the National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC). A total of 32.28km of earthen dykes were damaged. Around 13,000 houses were fully or partially damaged due to cyclonic storm in the coastal districts, including Bhola, Chandpur, Bagerhat, Khulna, Satkhira, Patuakhali and Barguna, according to the NDRCC. Crops on 330 acres were totally damaged while those on 52,728 acres were partially affected. According to the Category 1 Report for 4 May by Site Management and Site Sector in Cox’s Bazar, 144 refugees’ households representing 646 refugees are affected by the storm. (ECHO, 5 May 2019)
As of 6 May at 8.00 UTC, at least 33 people have been reported dead in India and another 17 in Bangladesh following the passage of Tropical Cyclone FANI. Odisha State has been the most heavily affected, with electricity and infrastructure damaged. According to the authorities, all families in Puri and Khurda districts have been "extremely severely affected" and the response is underway across 10,000 villages and 52 urban areas in north-eastern India. 13,000 houses have been damaged in Bangladesh according to preliminary estimates and national humanitarian assistance has been provided to affected families. The early evacuation of one million people in India and 1.6 million in Bangladesh prevented a higher number of fatalities, considering the cylone's severity. Tropical Cyclone FANI has now dissipated. (ECHO, 6 May 2019)
The death toll from Tropical Cyclone FANI has increased to 42 in India, while 17 fatalities have been confirmed in Bangladesh by UN OCHA. Approximately 10 million people from coastal areas in the north-eastern States of India have been affected by the tropical cyclone. (ECHO, 7 May 2019)
Despite the success in avoiding higher death tolls, the cyclone has severely affected lives and livelihoods of more than 28 million people across 3 States in India. 24 districts have been affected across the states of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. Severely impacted areas are all in Odisha, mainly the districts of Puri (where the cyclone made landfall), Khurdha, Cuttack, Nayagarh and Jagatsinghpur. More than 4.8 million children are directly impacted by the cyclone in the state of Odisha alone, most them residing in villages and slums deprived of even basic necessities. Critical services to children continue to be disrupted in the affected districts even after a week. (UNICEF, 12 May 2019)
Most read reports
- HAI: Cyclone Fani response in Odisha. 10 May 2019
- Thomson Reuters Foundation: Rising heat scorches recovery efforts in cyclone-hit Indian state. 20 May 2019
- AMDA: AMDA Relief #1: Cyclone Fani, India. 20 May 2019
- AMDA: AMDA Relief #2: Cyclone Fani, India. 23 May 2019
- ECHO: European Union brings relief to victims of cyclone Fani in India. 24 May 2019
Summary of major revisions:
This operations update informs the second allocation of the DREF in supporting the scale up of the relief operation of Indian Red Cross Society, for 5,000 families who are affected by Cyclone Fani. The key highlights of this operation update:
5,000 families will be supported with emergency shelter assistance through distribution of shelter and household items such as tarpaulins and kitchen sets, and also non-food items (NFIs) such as rope and clothing items.
The Needs Assessment Working Group is mandated to inform the humanitarian community about the Cyclone “Fani” causing humanitarian impact and assess the needs of distressed people of Bangladesh. This report has attempted to capture an overview on of the scope of the damage, disruption and distress caused by “Fani,” as well as to highlight any possible future risks. The report will be used to strengthen further disaster preparedness and risk reduction measures under the leadership of the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief.
- As of 13 May at 8.00 UTC, 64 people have been confirmed dead by the Indian authorities following Tropical Cyclone FANI's passage, 39 in Puri District (Odisha State). Relief and recovery oeprations are ongoing in Odisha State and the water supply has been restored in all urban areas.
- Locally moderate rainfall accompanied with thunderstorms and strong winds are forecast over Odisha for the next 24 hours.
Cox’s Bazar is at risk of cyclones forming out of depressions in the large Bay of Bengal between April and June, and September and December. Cyclonic storms form when large masses of air begin rotating at high speed around a low-pressure area. The Bay of Bengal stretches from the Bangladesh coast in the North to the latitude of southern Sri Lanka in the south, and from the Indian coast in the west to Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The Archaeological Survey of India has said there is no structural damage to the Konark Sun Temple, a World Heritage Site, due to Cyclone Fani.
the high-level ASI team, who visited Shree Jagannath Temple, Puri and Sun Temple, Konark to assess the damage caused by Cyclone Fani, also said that there is also no major damage to the Shree Jagannath Temple at Puri.
The ASI said that the repair and restoration of the Jagannath Temple will be completed ahead of the annual Rath Yatra festival on July 4.
Rupsa (name changed),15, currently studying in class 10. She lives in a seven-member family which includes grandmother, parents, and siblings. Out of the four siblings, she is the second one.
Cox’s Bazar – When Cyclone Fani – one of the most powerful Indian Ocean storms of the past decade – barrelled up the Bay of Bengal a week ago making landfall in northern India and western Bangladesh, it left 24 people dead, a trail of destruction and thousands displaced. Some 2.6 million people – a million in India and 1.6 million in Bangladesh – were evacuated from its path, potentially saving thousands of lives.
Fani intensified into a cyclone on 27th April 2019. On 3rd May, it took the form of a very severe Tropical Cyclone (Category 4), with an estimated maximum sustained surface wind speed of 175-185 km/h gusting to 210 km/h crossing Odisha coast. While the cyclone made a landfall at Puri at 8:12 am on the 3rd of May, the storm crossed Bhubaneswar four hours later at around 12:10 pm.
Minati Singha & Sujit kumar bisoyi
BHUBANESWAR: A week after Cyclone Fani hit Odisha, state capital Bhubaneswar and the entire Puri district continue to reel under its impact as it would take a few more days to fully restore power supply, telecom connectivity and banking and ATM networks in these areas. While cautioning people of the hardships ahead, the government on Thursday admitted that power connections are yet to be restored for around 70% of the consumers in Bhubaneswar, though water supply has been fully restored.
4. OPERATIONAL DETAILS:
The proposed activities shall be undertaken in the most affected areas of Khurda and Puri Districts — Delanga, Balianta, Konark, Kanas, Satyabadi, Brahmagiri, Krushnaprasad, Chilika,
Bhusandpur and Bhubaneswar as well as Puri urban slums with around 1 million populations.
5. THE CONTEXT
• The cyclonic storm Fani has dissipated after crossing Bangladesh with much less damages and impact than initially anticipated.
• At the same time, 14 people were killed and 45 sustained injuries due to lightning, falling trees and house collapses.
• Of an estimated 1,666,000 people who were evacuated to cyclone shelters across affected areas of western and southern Bangladesh, most have returned home by 5 May.
In support of the Government of Bangladesh, the humanitarian community in Cox’s Bazar has been engaging in preparedness for possible extreme weather affecting the Rohingya refugee camps and host communities, with Cyclone Fani focusing efforts in the end of April. Further cyclones are a probability this season: cyclone preparedness remains a key priority.
A 72-hour response plan for an extreme weather event has been agreed in Cox’s Bazar.
The National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC), under the Cabinet Secretary Sh. P. K. Sinha today again reviewed the rescue and relief measures in the cyclone “FANI” affected areas of Odisha with the senior officials of State Government and Central Ministries/Agencies concerned.