Tropical Cyclone Kenneth - Apr 2019Ongoing
On 23 April, Tropical Cyclone Kenneth formed north of Madagascar and east of the Aldabra Atoll, north of the Mozambique Channel. Its path is expected to pass over the northern tip of the Comoros islands on 24 April and continue onward to northern Mozambique and southern Tanzania. It is expected to make landfall in the district of Palma in Mozambique on 25 April...The Global Disaster Alert Coordination System (GDACS) has issued an orange alert for the Cyclone, meaning a medium humanitarian impact is expected based on the storm strength and its forecasted path. According to UNOSAT, the entire population of Comoros (758,339) is within the Cyclone’s windspeed zones, with Grand Comore the primary concern. In Mozambique, more than 747,000 people are living within the Cyclone’s path, mainly in Cabo Delgado Province, including a projected 117,000 living in high wind speed zones. (OCHA, 24 Apr 2019)
On the evening of 25 April, Tropical Cyclone Kenneth made landfall between the districts of Macomia and Mocimboa da Praia. Although preliminary information on impact is still incoming, the storm’s cyclonic winds were expected to reach 180 kilometres per hour prior to landfall, according to the Mozambique National Institute for Meteorology (INM). The Cyclone is forecasted to bring heavy rains, with over 500mm of rainfall expected from 24 to 30 April, and more than 750mm possible in some locations in Cabo Delgado. As the storm comes at the end of the rainy season, river levels are already high, and several rivers are projected to increase beyond the severe alert threshold after landfall, with peak flows most likely to occur on 29 April in the region around Pemba (Mozambique). There is a high risk of flash flooding and landslides. (OCHA, 25 Apr 2019)
The official death toll from the impact of Tropical Cyclone Kenneth in northern Mozambique has risen to 38 people, according to the Government. Nearly 35,000 houses have either been partially destroyed (32,034) or totally destroyed (2,930), according to the Government ... More than 570 mm of rain has been recorded since 25 April in Pemba, the highest in Cabo Delgado. (OCHA, 29 Apr 2019)
More than 27,000 people have been reached with food assistance since Cyclone Kenneth made landfall on 25 April 2019. International deliveries of shelter supplies began to arrive in Pemba on 1 May 2019; more flights are scheduled in the days ahead. The number of people affected by Tropical Cyclone Kenneth has risen to more than 384,800, with an estimated 185,000 people affected in Comoros and at least 199,836 affected in Mozambique. The risk of water-borne diseases is high, with many areas still without access to clean water following the cyclone. (OCHA, 2 May 2019)
Most read reports
- IFRC: Comoros: Tropical Cyclone Kenneth Emergency appeal Appeal n°MDRKM007. 19 May 2019
- AfDB: Mozambique: African Development Bank comes through with climate risk insurance solutions post cyclone. 13 May 2019
- IOM: Impact of Cyclone Kenneth Continues to Affect Northern Mozambique: IOM. 17 May 2019
- UNICEF: UNICEF and partners vaccinate hundreds of thousands of children affected by Cyclone Idai; stepping up life-saving cholera prevention work in northern areas affected by Cyclone Kenneth. 16 May 2019
- FEWS NET: East Africa Seasonal Monitor: May 16, 2019. 18 May 2019
This Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 2.4 million Swiss francs to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Comoros Red Crescent Society (CoRC) to deliver assistance to some 20,000 people for 12 months, in Grande Comore, Moheli, and Anjouan Islands with a focus on Shelter and Household items (HH items); Community Based Health and First aid (CBHFA); Health, Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH); Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Protection and Gender and Inclusion (PGI).
Health partners mobilize to meet post-cyclone Kenneth health needs in the Union of the Comoros
Moroni, 7 May 2019 - Category 4 Hurricane Kenneth struck the Union of the Comoros on 24 April 2019. At the request of the Government, the Ministry of Health, with the support of the World Health Organization (WHO), coordinates the efforts of national partners, the United Nations system, civil society and bilateral partners to assist the affected populations.
• An estimated 45,000 people have been affected by Cyclone Kenneth, which hit Comoros on 24 April. Initial estimates indicate seven people died, over 200 people were wounded, and 20, 000 people displaced.
• Almost 80 per cent of farms are destroyed, which will have a significant impact as agriculture is the main economic sector of the country. An estimated 63 per cent of crop plants and 35 per cent of cash crops have been destroyed.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
During the night of Wednesday 24th to Thursday 25th April 2019, Tropical Cyclone Kenneth went at its closest to the Comoros archipelago, mainly affecting the island of Grand Comore (crossing the island) and causing subsequent flooding in Grande Comore, Moheli and Anjouan islands of Union of Comoros.
The Union of Comoros faced a tropical cyclone - Kenneth - which landed on 24 April in the north Ngazidja Island.
UNICEF, along with the Government and humanitarian partners are providing an immediate response to support those affected by the cyclone.
A multi-sectoral Rapid Needs Assessment was initiated on 25 April with key stakeholders, including UNICEF staff. This will enable the identification of immediate needs and better indicate those sectors worst affected.
Situation Overview Highlights:
Humanity Road activated the disaster desk at a Yellow Level 2 to monitor impacts to Comoros from Cyclone Kenneth. . According to UNOSAT the entire population of Comoros (758,339) is within the cyclones reach. GDACS issued an orange alert for the cyclone. Flooding due to heavy rains is expected to increase with winds reaching up to 130mph. The storm is expected to make landfall in northern Mozambique and southern Tanzania.
As of 24 April, Tropical Cyclone Kenneth, a category 1 storm (speeds of up to 110 kph) is expected to impact on the Union of Comoros.
An estimated 150, 000 people mainly north and east of the island of Grande Comore are under threat. There is a high risk of flooding over the whole territory and particularly on the island of Anjouan.
Of those in need, 67,800 are children and 41,800 women.
JTWC Summary: TROPICAL CYCLONE 24S (KENNETH), LOCATED APPROXIMATELY 44 NM NORTHWEST OF COMOROS ISLAND, HAS TRACKED WESTWARD AT 06 KNOTS OVER THE PAST SIX HOURS.ANIMATED ENHANCED INFRARED (EIR) SATELLITE IMAGERY REVEALS A PERSISTENT PINHOLE EYE AND STRONG CONVECTION SURROUNDING THE EYEWALL.THE INITIAL POSITION IS BASED WITH HIGH CONFIDENCE ON THE EYE IN THE EIR IMAGERY.THE INITIAL INTENSITY OF 115 KTS IS BASED ON THE 242345Z AUTOMATED DVORAK TECHNIQUE ESTIMATE OF T6.0 (115 KTS), IN AGREEMENT WITH THE FMEE DVORAK CURRENT INTENSITY ESTIMATE OF T6.0, BUT BELOW THE PGTW AND KNES ESTIMATES OF …
JTWC Summary: TROPICAL CYCLONE (TC) 24S (KENNETH), LOCATED APPROXIMATELY 197 NM EAST-NORTHEAST OF COMOROS ISLAND, HAS TRACKED WESTWARD AT 10 KNOTS OVER THE PAST SIX HOURS.ANIMATED ENHANCED INFRARED SATELLITE IMAGERY SHOWS THE SYSTEM HAS MOSTLY MAINTAINED OVERALL CONVECTIVE SIGNATURE WITH A SLIGHTLY DEEPER CENTRAL CONVECTION.THE INITIAL POSITION IS BASED ON THE MICROWAVE EYE FEATURE IN THE 232158Z ATMS PASS WITH HIGH CONFIDENCE.THE INITIAL INTENSITY OF 65 KNOTS IS BASED ON THE DVORAK ESTIMATES OF T4.0/65KTS FROM PGTW AND KNES.UPPER LEVEL ANALYSIS INDICATES THE CYCLONE IS IN AN AREA OF LIGHT …