Tropical Cyclone Idai - Mar 2019Ongoing
The central and northern region of Mozambique is being affected by heavy rains since 6 March 2019...The most affected provinces are Zambézia and Tete in the central region...At least 7 deaths reported, and 32,222 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 4,242 people are displaced in Zambezia and Tete, sheltered in eight transit centers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 9 Mar 2019)
The National Institute of Meteorology (INAM) issued on 10 March 2019 an alert regarding the system formed in the Mozambique channel which evolved from Tropical Depression to Moderate Tropical Storm called IDAI... At least 10 deaths reported, and 62,975 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 10,512 people are displaced in Zambezia, Tete and Niassa sheltered in 15 transit centers. At least 83,318 ha of crop area are flooded affecting 54,853 smallholder farmers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 10 Mar 2019)
On 11 March 2019, the Government convened the Coordinating Council of Disaster Management (CCGC[..]) chaired by the Prime-Minister to analyze the impact of the recent floods and the cyclone foreseen to make the landfall on 15 March 2019...Given the current and expected situation after the floods and cyclone, [INAM] estimated a total funding requirement of about US$ 18 million for food and non-food items that might be needed for the potential affected people. This funding estimate does not include the funds needed for emergency road work (estimated at US$ 13.9 million) to reset the road network which is 31% damaged in Zambézia and 50% damaged in Cabo Delgado. (UN RC for Mozambique, 12 Mar 2019)
Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall during the night of 14 to 15 March 2019 near Beira City, Sofala Province, in central Mozambique. The cyclone brought torrential rains and winds to Sofala, Zambezia, Manica and Inhambane provinces...The UN and humanitarian partners in Mozambique have appealed for US$40.8 million to provide critical emergency relief to 400,000 people who are estimated to be affected by Tropical Cyclone Idai, based on projections of people living in the Cyclone’s path. (OCHA, 15 Mar 2019)
At least 84 people have died following Cyclone Idai’s landfall,..At least 267 classrooms and 24 health units have reportedly been affected in the provinces of Sofala, Manica, Zambezia and Inhambane, according to authorities. Many areas remain without power and almost every network has been damaged...Beira City has suffered extensive damage, according to reports from preliminary assessments and aerial overviews. The Beira Central Hospital emergency wing remains non-operational due to significant damage. However, other parts of the hospital – including the paediatric wing – have sustained less damage and are reportedly functioning...Outside of Beira, a dam collapsed on 17 March, reportedly causing extensive damage. People reportedly sought refuge on the tops of their roofs and trees as rising floodwaters swept through the area. Initial aerial surveys indicated significant loss of life, although exact numbers of people impacted are not yet known. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2019)
The Government of Mozambique has issued a Note Verbale formally requesting international assistance[.] At least 242 people have died and more than 1,400 have been injured in the aftermath of the Cyclone Idai...The death toll is expected to continue to rise in the days ahead. [M]ore than 2,800 classrooms and 39 health centres impacted by the cyclone and floods. More than 17,400 houses have been totally destroyed (11,025), partially destroyed (4,363) or flooded (2,056)...[M]ore than 385,300 hectares of crops have been damaged[.] (OCHA, 21 Mar 2019)
The official death toll rose...to some 468 deaths as of 26 March; with more than 1,500 people injured[.] As of 26 March, nearly 91,000 houses were identified as totally destroyed (50,619), partially destroyed (24,556) or flooded (15,784); an increase of nearly 19,000 since 25 March. The number of people accommodated in 154 sites across Sofala (114 sites), Manica (26 sites), Zambezia (10 sites) and Tete (4 sites) was nearly 128,000 people as of 26 March. The authorities have identified more than 7,400 vulnerable people across the IDP sites. (OCHA, 26 Mar 2019)
On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at the Munhava health centre in the city of Beira and some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea in Beira district. A humanitarian assessment team identified nearly 1,500 people unreached people in need of support in Matarara in Chimoio district. Food drops were carried out to provide immediate assistance and follow-up is ongoing. Nearly 136,000 people were accommodated in 161 sites across Sofala (119 sites), Manica (27 sites), Zambezia (11 sites) and Tete (4 sites) as of 27 March; an increase of more than 9,200 people from 26 March. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)
The official death toll as of 3 April stood at 598 and more than 1,600 people injured, according to the Government. At least 131,100 people were still sheltering in 136 sites across Manica (21); Sofala (107); Tete (5) and Zambezia (3) as of 3 April. The number of vulnerable people reported by the Government in the accommodation sites rose significantly by more than 20,000 people to 27,764 as of 3 April. The number of houses destroyed rose by more than 86,000 from 2 April. More than 198,300 houses have been totally destroyed (85,265), partially destroyed (97,276) or flooded (15,784), with more than 715,000 hectares of crops reportedly destroyed, according to the Government. (OCHA, 3 Apr 2019)
Following its landfall in Mozambique on 14 March, Cyclone Idai continued across land as a Tropical Storm and hit eastern Zimbabwe with heavy rains and strong winds. The storm caused high winds and heavy precipitation in Chimanimani and Chipinge districts causing riverine and flash flooding and subsequent deaths, destruction of livelihoods and properties....At least 31 deaths have been reported and over 100 people are missing, according to preliminary information...At least 1,600 households (8,000 to 9,600 people) have been affected in Chimanimani, Chipinge, Nyanga and Mutare districts, Manicaland Province, as a result of flooding and landslides, according to initial information. Based on census data, 48 per cent of those affected are estimated to be children and 52 per cent are estimated to be women. In Tongogara Refugee Camp, nearly 300 people have been affected, with 49 houses damaged. Considerable damage to properties, livelihoods and infrastructure has also been reported in the districts in the storm’s path. (OCHA, 17 Mar 2019)
The flooding caused by the Tropical Cyclone Idai weather system since 15 March...continues to cause massive destruction, with heavy rains ongoing in Manicaland and Masvingo provinces of Zimbabwe. The hardest-hit district of Chimanimani remains inaccessible as heavy rains have damaged roads and main access bridges have been washed away. At least 82 deaths and over 200 injuries have been reported, mainly in Chimanimani, and 217 people are reportedly missing. Chimanimani mortuary is reportedly full. At least 923 homes have been destroyed in Chimanimani, Mutasa, Mutare, Chipinge, Buhera, Chikomba, Gutu and Bikita districts. In Chimanimani alone, eight bridges have been destroyed. In Buhera, the Marowanyati dam has overflowed and many families are displaced...Overall, more than 2,500 households (12,500 to 15,000 people) are estimated to be affected. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2019)
At least 181 deaths and 175 injuries have been reported and 330 people were reportedly missing in Zimbabwe as of 25 March...An estimated 270,000 people have been affected by flooding and are in need of humanitarian assistance in the seven districts—Chipinge, Chimanimani, Buhera, Bikita, Mutare, Gutu, and Chiredzi. The vast majority of people affected are in Chipinge (122,000) and Chimanimani (115,000) districts. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)
For the flooding situation in Malawi, see "Malawi: Floods - Jan 2019".
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- OCHA: Mozambique: Cyclone Idai & Floods Situation Report No. 14 (as of 15 April 2019). 16 Apr 2019
- Theirworld: When disaster strikes: how education and children's futures were battered by Cyclone Idai. 17 Apr 2019
- OCHA: Zimbabwe: Floods Situation Report No. 3, As of 17 April 2019. 18 Apr 2019
- UNICEF: Cyclone-affected communities in Zimbabwe being vaccinated against cholera. 16 Apr 2019
- WFP: World Food Programme reaches 1 million flood-affected people in Mozambique. 16 Apr 2019
USAID partner WFP reaches more than 1 million people in Mozambique with food and nutrition assistance
Zimbabwean President Mnangagwa launches $614 million appeal to fund recovery activities
Road access in Malawi improves, while authorities continue to repair key infrastructure used for the delivery of humanitarian assistance
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 18 April 2019.
• More than 70,610 people remain displaced in 69 accommodation sites across Manica (32); Sofala (29);
Tete (5) and Zambezia (3), as of 16 April.
More than 90 humanitarian organisations supported in 4 coordination centres, with over 775GB exchanged through TSF connections. Over 2,500 beneficiaries and 26 humanitarian calling operations with 89% of first calls since the disaster. These are the numbers after one month of operations in the aftermath of Cyclone Idai, when TSF reaches the end of its mission.
However, these numbers are just the reflection of TSF’s main concern: its beneficiaries, be it humanitarian actors or affected populations.
This Situation Report is produced by the office of the UN Resident Coordinator in Zimbabwe and the OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on previous Flash Updates and provides more detailed information on the situation and response. It covers the period from 10 April to 16 April 2019. The next Situation Report will be issued on or around 24 April.
1. Situation Update
• On 15 April 2019, an inter-agency Flood Response Coordination Meeting was held at the WFP Blantyre suboffice. The meeting was convened by the Department of Disaster Management Affairs (DoDMA).
• During the meeting it was noted that several organisations were working across the same areas. DoDMA reminded responding agencies to liaise closely with respective District Councils and the cluster leads to optimise operational efficiency and reduce the duplication of efforts.
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 16 April 2019.
• The cholera epidemiological curve showed a reduction on 14 and 15 April, in line with the expected trajectory of the outbreak following the oral vaccination campaign.
On 14 March, Cyclone Idai made landfall in Mozambique, bringing devastation to the port City of Beira and surrounding areas. The following days, the weather system swept through the central region, causing massive flooding and leaving entire communities submerged under 10 metres of water. In the immediate aftermath of the storm, there was an inspiring and instant outpouring of international support and solidarity. More than 14 countries, including 5 from Africa, deployed over 100 assets to support the aid effort, and relief supplies were flown in from around the world.
Beira – One month after Cyclone Idai made landfall through Mozambique and neighbouring countries, despite the concerted efforts of humanitarian organizations, many families remain in need, and without assistance they lack the resources to repair and rebuild their homes. Latest figures indicate that more than 1.8 million people are in need, and nearly 240,000 houses were affected, half of those partially destroyed, and the other half totally destroyed.
BEIRA – One month on since Cyclone Idai struck Mozambique on March 14, the United Nations World Food Programme has reached one million people with food assistance and continues to expand its emergency response while launching recovery and reconstruction interventions.
‘’In the immediate aftermath of the cyclone, people were so very desperate.’’ said Lola Castro, WFP’s Regional Director for Southern Africa. ‘’Thanks to the hard work and resourcefulness of the many involved, the speed and scale of the response has transformed that desperation into hope.’’
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 15 April 2019.
• One month since Cyclone Idai made landfall in Mozambique, flood waters have begun to recede, but the needs remain.
• To date, 1,435 humanitarians are registered to access Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) Internet connectivity to enable them to do their work.
• The ETC has upgraded the capacity of the Internet connectivity in Beira to improve the speed and reliability of the service.
• The ETC continues to provide connectivity in the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) and 16x additional sites in Beira, as well as in Buzi, Grudja and Nhamatanda to support the increasing humanitarian response.
This Situation Report is produced by OCHA Regional Office for Southern and Eastern Africa in collaboration with humanitarian partners. The Situation Report builds on Flash Updates #1 through #15 and provides detailed information on the situation and response by sector. The next report will be issued as of 14 April 2019.
• Almost one month on, 1 million children are in need of humanitarian assistance following Cyclone Idai’s impact in Mozambique, according to UNICEF.
Ryan Twittey on coordinating the telecommunications response in the Cyclone Idai emergency
“You northern hemisphere guys get so excited about stars. At home we get this every night,” says Ryan Twittey, Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) Coordinator for the Cyclone Idai response in Mozambique in his usual say-it-like-it-is way. For him, home is Australia, land of the outback and big blue skies.
There has been a significant reduction in the number of displaced people - with 73,296 people currently hosted in 70 accommodation centres; down from 142,327 people the week before.
A total of 4,979 cholera cases were recorded in Beira, Dondo, Buzi and Nhamatanda and the death toll has reached eight.
With UNICEF support, 814,293 people were vaccinated against cholera representing 99 per cent of the target population.