Tropical Cyclone Idai - Mar 2019Ongoing
The central and northern region of Mozambique is being affected by heavy rains since 6 March 2019...The most affected provinces are Zambézia and Tete in the central region...At least 7 deaths reported, and 32,222 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 4,242 people are displaced in Zambezia and Tete, sheltered in eight transit centers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 9 Mar 2019)
The National Institute of Meteorology (INAM) issued on 10 March 2019 an alert regarding the system formed in the Mozambique channel which evolved from Tropical Depression to Moderate Tropical Storm called IDAI... At least 10 deaths reported, and 62,975 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 10,512 people are displaced in Zambezia, Tete and Niassa sheltered in 15 transit centers. At least 83,318 ha of crop area are flooded affecting 54,853 smallholder farmers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 10 Mar 2019)
On 11 March 2019, the Government convened the Coordinating Council of Disaster Management (CCGC[..]) chaired by the Prime-Minister to analyze the impact of the recent floods and the cyclone foreseen to make the landfall on 15 March 2019...Given the current and expected situation after the floods and cyclone, [INAM] estimated a total funding requirement of about US$ 18 million for food and non-food items that might be needed for the potential affected people. This funding estimate does not include the funds needed for emergency road work (estimated at US$ 13.9 million) to reset the road network which is 31% damaged in Zambézia and 50% damaged in Cabo Delgado. (UN RC for Mozambique, 12 Mar 2019)
Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall during the night of 14 to 15 March 2019 near Beira City, Sofala Province, in central Mozambique. The cyclone brought torrential rains and winds to Sofala, Zambezia, Manica and Inhambane provinces...The UN and humanitarian partners in Mozambique have appealed for US$40.8 million to provide critical emergency relief to 400,000 people who are estimated to be affected by Tropical Cyclone Idai, based on projections of people living in the Cyclone’s path. (OCHA, 15 Mar 2019)
At least 84 people have died following Cyclone Idai’s landfall,..At least 267 classrooms and 24 health units have reportedly been affected in the provinces of Sofala, Manica, Zambezia and Inhambane, according to authorities. Many areas remain without power and almost every network has been damaged...Beira City has suffered extensive damage, according to reports from preliminary assessments and aerial overviews. The Beira Central Hospital emergency wing remains non-operational due to significant damage. However, other parts of the hospital – including the paediatric wing – have sustained less damage and are reportedly functioning...Outside of Beira, a dam collapsed on 17 March, reportedly causing extensive damage. People reportedly sought refuge on the tops of their roofs and trees as rising floodwaters swept through the area. Initial aerial surveys indicated significant loss of life, although exact numbers of people impacted are not yet known. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2019)
The Government of Mozambique has issued a Note Verbale formally requesting international assistance[.] At least 242 people have died and more than 1,400 have been injured in the aftermath of the Cyclone Idai...The death toll is expected to continue to rise in the days ahead. [M]ore than 2,800 classrooms and 39 health centres impacted by the cyclone and floods. More than 17,400 houses have been totally destroyed (11,025), partially destroyed (4,363) or flooded (2,056)...[M]ore than 385,300 hectares of crops have been damaged[.] (OCHA, 21 Mar 2019)
The official death toll rose...to some 468 deaths as of 26 March; with more than 1,500 people injured[.] As of 26 March, nearly 91,000 houses were identified as totally destroyed (50,619), partially destroyed (24,556) or flooded (15,784); an increase of nearly 19,000 since 25 March. The number of people accommodated in 154 sites across Sofala (114 sites), Manica (26 sites), Zambezia (10 sites) and Tete (4 sites) was nearly 128,000 people as of 26 March. The authorities have identified more than 7,400 vulnerable people across the IDP sites. (OCHA, 26 Mar 2019)
On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at the Munhava health centre in the city of Beira and some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea in Beira district. A humanitarian assessment team identified nearly 1,500 people unreached people in need of support in Matarara in Chimoio district. Food drops were carried out to provide immediate assistance and follow-up is ongoing. Nearly 136,000 people were accommodated in 161 sites across Sofala (119 sites), Manica (27 sites), Zambezia (11 sites) and Tete (4 sites) as of 27 March; an increase of more than 9,200 people from 26 March. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)
The official death toll as of 3 April stood at 598 and more than 1,600 people injured, according to the Government. At least 131,100 people were still sheltering in 136 sites across Manica (21); Sofala (107); Tete (5) and Zambezia (3) as of 3 April. The number of vulnerable people reported by the Government in the accommodation sites rose significantly by more than 20,000 people to 27,764 as of 3 April. The number of houses destroyed rose by more than 86,000 from 2 April. More than 198,300 houses have been totally destroyed (85,265), partially destroyed (97,276) or flooded (15,784), with more than 715,000 hectares of crops reportedly destroyed, according to the Government. (OCHA, 3 Apr 2019)
The number of internally displaced people living in accommodation centres decreased to 68,974 people across 67 sites in Manica (32); Sofala (27); Tete (5) and Zambezia (3), as of 18 April. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2019)
As of 29 April, nearly 150,000 houses had been recorded as destroyed or damaged in Sofala province alone as a result of Tropical Cyclone Idai, including 60,898 totally destroyed and 89,066 partially destroyed, according to the Government. Some 17,901 displaced people were sheltering in 18 accommodation centres in Sofala province as of 28 April, in Buzi (7), Beira (5), Nhamatanda (4) and Dondo (2). Humanitarian response in remote locations remained constrained by damaged and cut-off roads, including in Chissange (Dondo), Wirikizi, Honve and Nhamassinzira (Muanza) and Cheadea, Nhampoca and Macorococho (Nhamatanda). (OCHA, 29 April)
The number of displaced people sheltering in accommodation sites in Sofala province decreased to 21,384 people (4,639 families) as of 5 May. More than 286,000 people (57,222 families) have received shelter assistance. However, more shelter materials, including tents, are still needed. (OCHA, 6 May 2019)
Following its landfall in Mozambique on 14 March, Cyclone Idai continued across land as a Tropical Storm and hit eastern Zimbabwe with heavy rains and strong winds. The storm caused high winds and heavy precipitation in Chimanimani and Chipinge districts causing riverine and flash flooding and subsequent deaths, destruction of livelihoods and properties....At least 31 deaths have been reported and over 100 people are missing, according to preliminary information...At least 1,600 households (8,000 to 9,600 people) have been affected in Chimanimani, Chipinge, Nyanga and Mutare districts, Manicaland Province, as a result of flooding and landslides, according to initial information. Based on census data, 48 per cent of those affected are estimated to be children and 52 per cent are estimated to be women. In Tongogara Refugee Camp, nearly 300 people have been affected, with 49 houses damaged. Considerable damage to properties, livelihoods and infrastructure has also been reported in the districts in the storm’s path. (OCHA, 17 Mar 2019)
The flooding caused by the Tropical Cyclone Idai weather system since 15 March...continues to cause massive destruction, with heavy rains ongoing in Manicaland and Masvingo provinces of Zimbabwe. The hardest-hit district of Chimanimani remains inaccessible as heavy rains have damaged roads and main access bridges have been washed away. At least 82 deaths and over 200 injuries have been reported, mainly in Chimanimani, and 217 people are reportedly missing. Chimanimani mortuary is reportedly full. At least 923 homes have been destroyed in Chimanimani, Mutasa, Mutare, Chipinge, Buhera, Chikomba, Gutu and Bikita districts. In Chimanimani alone, eight bridges have been destroyed. In Buhera, the Marowanyati dam has overflowed and many families are displaced...Overall, more than 2,500 households (12,500 to 15,000 people) are estimated to be affected. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2019)
At least 181 deaths and 175 injuries have been reported and 330 people were reportedly missing in Zimbabwe as of 25 March...An estimated 270,000 people have been affected by flooding and are in need of humanitarian assistance in the seven districts—Chipinge, Chimanimani, Buhera, Bikita, Mutare, Gutu, and Chiredzi. The vast majority of people affected are in Chipinge (122,000) and Chimanimani (115,000) districts. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)
The humanitarian response to cyclone-affected districts in the eastern part of the country increased as all wards were accessible by road as of 24 April, although some only by 4X4 vehicles. Many clusters completed or were about to complete in-depth assessments in all affected districts, which afforded a more refined analysis of the needs and a tailored humanitarian response in the short term, and also contributed to the medium- to long-term recovery plan. (OCHA, 24 April 2019)
For the flooding situation in Malawi, see "Malawi: Floods - Jan 2019".
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- OCHA: Mozambique: Cyclone Idai & Floods Situation Report No. 21 (As of 13 May 2019). 20 May 2019
- AfDB: Mozambique: African Development Bank comes through with climate risk insurance solutions post cyclone. 13 May 2019
- WFP: UK supports Malawi flood victims’ recovery. 20 May 2019
- UNICEF: UNICEF and partners vaccinate hundreds of thousands of children affected by Cyclone Idai; stepping up life-saving cholera prevention work in northern areas affected by Cyclone Kenneth. 16 May 2019
- WHO: WHO AFRO Outbreaks and Other Emergencies, Week 20: 13 - 19 May 2019; Data as reported by 17:00; 19 May 2019. 20 May 2019
• The Coordinating Council of Disaster Management activated on 11 March the Institutional Red Alert for the central region of the country;
• Government estimated US$ 18 million for food and nonfood items that might be needed for the potential response of population at risk;
• At least 15 deaths reported, and 103,169 people were affected by the floods in Zambézia, Tete and Niassa provinces;
• At least 17,095 people are displaced in Zambezia, Tete and Niassa sheltered in 15 transit centers;
JTWC Summary: TROPICAL CYCLONE (TC) 18S (IDAI), LOCATED APPROXIMATELY 188 NM NORTH OF EUROPA ISLAND, HAS TRACKED SOUTHWESTWARD AT 07 KNOTS (KTS) OVER THE PAST SIX HOURS.THERE IS HIGH CONFIDENCE IN THE INITIAL POSITION BASED ON A 14 NM WIDE RAGGED EYE IN ANIMATED ENHANCED INFRARED (EIR) SATELLITE IMAGERY.THE INITIAL INTENSITY OF 100 KTS IS HEDGED BETWEEN MULTI-AGENCY DVORAK CURRENT INTENSITY ESTIMATES OF T5.0-T5.5 (90-102 KTS) AND REFLECTS THE IMPROVED CONVECTIVE STRUCTURE EVIDENT IN EIR IMAGERY.THE ENVIRONMENT IS FAVORABLE OVERALL WITH RADIAL OUTFLOW, LOW (10-15 KT) VERTICAL WIND SHEAR …
Heavy rains over 5-8 March caused flooding in the Southern region of Malawi (Floodlist 8/3/2019; OCHA 9/3/2019). As of 10 March, at least 14 districts have been impacted, affecting approximately 468,650 people and displacing more than 31,700 people. At least 30 people have been killed and over 370 injured. Assessments are ongoing. (Xinhua 11/3/2019; Department of Disaster Management Affairs (DoDMA) 10/3/2019). On 8 March, the president declared a state of disaster in the areas affected by ongoing rain and flooding (OCHA 9/3/2019).
Nairobi/Geneva, 12 March 2019 — Mozambique is on high alert as Tropical Cyclone Idai barrels towards the country’s central coast. Red Cross disaster response teams in Zambesia and Sofala provinces are readying response plans in anticipation of the cyclone’s landfall towards the end of the week.
Dr Fatoumata Nafo-Traoré, Regional Director for Africa for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), said:
… Provides relief items worth K21 million
The Malawi Revenue Authority (MRA) has, through the Department of Disaster Management Affairs, made a donation of relief items to people affected by floods in the country.
The tax collecting body yesterday (Monday, 11th March, 2019) donated 299 bags of maize flour (each weighing 25kg), 500 bales of sugar and 400 bags of salt (each weighing 50kg). The relief items are worth K21 million. MRA has also made a donation of K2 million towards alleviating the suffering of the affected people.
As of MONDAY, 11th March, 2019, the Department of Disaster Management Affairs (DoDMA) has recorded 45 deaths and 577 injuries. Two people have been reported missing.
A total of 147,958 households (approximately 739,790 people) have been affected and 15,185 households have been displaced. Most of the displaced families are living in camps and their relations' houses. So far, a total of 187 camps have been established in the affected districts.
Assessments to establish the extent of damage in all the 14 affected districts are still underway.
- After heavy rainfall and floods that affected the Southern Region of Malawi in the past week, the number of casualties continues to rise. According to UN OCHA, 30 people have died, 377 are injured and the number affected has reached 486 600, of which 30 000 are reportedly displaced.
- The Department for Disaster Management Affairs (DoDmA), supported by humanitarian partners, is conducting search activities, rescue efforts and rapid needs assessments.
- Over the next 24 hours, moderate rain with occasional thunderstorms are forecast in the affected areas.
Tropical Cyclone IDAI is strengthening as it moves south-west over the northern Mozambique Channel. As of 12 March at 0.00 UTC, its centre was approximately 220 km west-southwest of Maintirano (Mahajanga Province, western Madagascar) and 520 km east of Quelimane (Zambezia Province, central Mozambique), with maximum sustained winds of 185 km/h.
The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General António Guterres:
The Secretary-General is deeply saddened by the loss of life and significant damage to people’s homes and livelihoods caused by heavy rains and flooding in Malawi.
The Secretary-General extends his condolences to the families of the victims and to the Government and people of Malawi.
- Tropical Cyclone IDAI-19 is moving south-southwest over the northern Mozambique Channel, strengthening. As of 11 March its centre was located approximatey 120 km north-west of Maintirano (Mahajanga Province, western Madagascar) and 370 km east-southeast of Angoche (Nampula Province, central Mozambique), with maximum sustained winds of 167 km/h.
- Over the next 24 hours, TC IDAI-19 is forecast to move south-west over the Mozambique Channel, strengthening, with maximum sustained winds up to 210 km/h.