Tropical Cyclone Idai - Mar 2019Ongoing
The central and northern region of Mozambique is being affected by heavy rains since 6 March 2019...The most affected provinces are Zambézia and Tete in the central region...At least 7 deaths reported, and 32,222 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 4,242 people are displaced in Zambezia and Tete, sheltered in eight transit centers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 9 Mar 2019)
The National Institute of Meteorology (INAM) issued on 10 March 2019 an alert regarding the system formed in the Mozambique channel which evolved from Tropical Depression to Moderate Tropical Storm called IDAI... At least 10 deaths reported, and 62,975 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 10,512 people are displaced in Zambezia, Tete and Niassa sheltered in 15 transit centers. At least 83,318 ha of crop area are flooded affecting 54,853 smallholder farmers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 10 Mar 2019)
On 11 March 2019, the Government convened the Coordinating Council of Disaster Management (CCGC[..]) chaired by the Prime-Minister to analyze the impact of the recent floods and the cyclone foreseen to make the landfall on 15 March 2019...Given the current and expected situation after the floods and cyclone, [INAM] estimated a total funding requirement of about US$ 18 million for food and non-food items that might be needed for the potential affected people. This funding estimate does not include the funds needed for emergency road work (estimated at US$ 13.9 million) to reset the road network which is 31% damaged in Zambézia and 50% damaged in Cabo Delgado. (UN RC for Mozambique, 12 Mar 2019)
Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall during the night of 14 to 15 March 2019 near Beira City, Sofala Province, in central Mozambique. The cyclone brought torrential rains and winds to Sofala, Zambezia, Manica and Inhambane provinces...The UN and humanitarian partners in Mozambique have appealed for US$40.8 million to provide critical emergency relief to 400,000 people who are estimated to be affected by Tropical Cyclone Idai, based on projections of people living in the Cyclone’s path. (OCHA, 15 Mar 2019)
At least 84 people have died following Cyclone Idai’s landfall,..At least 267 classrooms and 24 health units have reportedly been affected in the provinces of Sofala, Manica, Zambezia and Inhambane, according to authorities. Many areas remain without power and almost every network has been damaged...Beira City has suffered extensive damage, according to reports from preliminary assessments and aerial overviews. The Beira Central Hospital emergency wing remains non-operational due to significant damage. However, other parts of the hospital – including the paediatric wing – have sustained less damage and are reportedly functioning...Outside of Beira, a dam collapsed on 17 March, reportedly causing extensive damage. People reportedly sought refuge on the tops of their roofs and trees as rising floodwaters swept through the area. Initial aerial surveys indicated significant loss of life, although exact numbers of people impacted are not yet known. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2019)
The Government of Mozambique has issued a Note Verbale formally requesting international assistance[.] At least 242 people have died and more than 1,400 have been injured in the aftermath of the Cyclone Idai...The death toll is expected to continue to rise in the days ahead. [M]ore than 2,800 classrooms and 39 health centres impacted by the cyclone and floods. More than 17,400 houses have been totally destroyed (11,025), partially destroyed (4,363) or flooded (2,056)...[M]ore than 385,300 hectares of crops have been damaged[.] (OCHA, 21 Mar 2019)
The official death toll rose...to some 468 deaths as of 26 March; with more than 1,500 people injured[.] As of 26 March, nearly 91,000 houses were identified as totally destroyed (50,619), partially destroyed (24,556) or flooded (15,784); an increase of nearly 19,000 since 25 March. The number of people accommodated in 154 sites across Sofala (114 sites), Manica (26 sites), Zambezia (10 sites) and Tete (4 sites) was nearly 128,000 people as of 26 March. The authorities have identified more than 7,400 vulnerable people across the IDP sites. (OCHA, 26 Mar 2019)
On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at the Munhava health centre in the city of Beira and some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea in Beira district. A humanitarian assessment team identified nearly 1,500 people unreached people in need of support in Matarara in Chimoio district. Food drops were carried out to provide immediate assistance and follow-up is ongoing. Nearly 136,000 people were accommodated in 161 sites across Sofala (119 sites), Manica (27 sites), Zambezia (11 sites) and Tete (4 sites) as of 27 March; an increase of more than 9,200 people from 26 March. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)
The official death toll as of 3 April stood at 598 and more than 1,600 people injured, according to the Government. At least 131,100 people were still sheltering in 136 sites across Manica (21); Sofala (107); Tete (5) and Zambezia (3) as of 3 April. The number of vulnerable people reported by the Government in the accommodation sites rose significantly by more than 20,000 people to 27,764 as of 3 April. The number of houses destroyed rose by more than 86,000 from 2 April. More than 198,300 houses have been totally destroyed (85,265), partially destroyed (97,276) or flooded (15,784), with more than 715,000 hectares of crops reportedly destroyed, according to the Government. (OCHA, 3 Apr 2019)
The number of internally displaced people living in accommodation centres decreased to 68,974 people across 67 sites in Manica (32); Sofala (27); Tete (5) and Zambezia (3), as of 18 April. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2019)
As of 29 April, nearly 150,000 houses had been recorded as destroyed or damaged in Sofala province alone as a result of Tropical Cyclone Idai, including 60,898 totally destroyed and 89,066 partially destroyed, according to the Government. Some 17,901 displaced people were sheltering in 18 accommodation centres in Sofala province as of 28 April, in Buzi (7), Beira (5), Nhamatanda (4) and Dondo (2). Humanitarian response in remote locations remained constrained by damaged and cut-off roads, including in Chissange (Dondo), Wirikizi, Honve and Nhamassinzira (Muanza) and Cheadea, Nhampoca and Macorococho (Nhamatanda). (OCHA, 29 April)
The number of displaced people sheltering in accommodation sites in Sofala province decreased to 21,384 people (4,639 families) as of 5 May. More than 286,000 people (57,222 families) have received shelter assistance. However, more shelter materials, including tents, are still needed. (OCHA, 6 May 2019)
Following its landfall in Mozambique on 14 March, Cyclone Idai continued across land as a Tropical Storm and hit eastern Zimbabwe with heavy rains and strong winds. The storm caused high winds and heavy precipitation in Chimanimani and Chipinge districts causing riverine and flash flooding and subsequent deaths, destruction of livelihoods and properties....At least 31 deaths have been reported and over 100 people are missing, according to preliminary information...At least 1,600 households (8,000 to 9,600 people) have been affected in Chimanimani, Chipinge, Nyanga and Mutare districts, Manicaland Province, as a result of flooding and landslides, according to initial information. Based on census data, 48 per cent of those affected are estimated to be children and 52 per cent are estimated to be women. In Tongogara Refugee Camp, nearly 300 people have been affected, with 49 houses damaged. Considerable damage to properties, livelihoods and infrastructure has also been reported in the districts in the storm’s path. (OCHA, 17 Mar 2019)
The flooding caused by the Tropical Cyclone Idai weather system since 15 March...continues to cause massive destruction, with heavy rains ongoing in Manicaland and Masvingo provinces of Zimbabwe. The hardest-hit district of Chimanimani remains inaccessible as heavy rains have damaged roads and main access bridges have been washed away. At least 82 deaths and over 200 injuries have been reported, mainly in Chimanimani, and 217 people are reportedly missing. Chimanimani mortuary is reportedly full. At least 923 homes have been destroyed in Chimanimani, Mutasa, Mutare, Chipinge, Buhera, Chikomba, Gutu and Bikita districts. In Chimanimani alone, eight bridges have been destroyed. In Buhera, the Marowanyati dam has overflowed and many families are displaced...Overall, more than 2,500 households (12,500 to 15,000 people) are estimated to be affected. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2019)
At least 181 deaths and 175 injuries have been reported and 330 people were reportedly missing in Zimbabwe as of 25 March...An estimated 270,000 people have been affected by flooding and are in need of humanitarian assistance in the seven districts—Chipinge, Chimanimani, Buhera, Bikita, Mutare, Gutu, and Chiredzi. The vast majority of people affected are in Chipinge (122,000) and Chimanimani (115,000) districts. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)
The humanitarian response to cyclone-affected districts in the eastern part of the country increased as all wards were accessible by road as of 24 April, although some only by 4X4 vehicles. Many clusters completed or were about to complete in-depth assessments in all affected districts, which afforded a more refined analysis of the needs and a tailored humanitarian response in the short term, and also contributed to the medium- to long-term recovery plan. (OCHA, 24 April 2019)
For the flooding situation in Malawi, see "Malawi: Floods - Jan 2019".
Appeals & Response Plans
Most read reports
- OCHA: Mozambique: Cyclone Idai & Floods Situation Report No. 21 (As of 13 May 2019). 20 May 2019
- AfDB: Mozambique: African Development Bank comes through with climate risk insurance solutions post cyclone. 13 May 2019
- UNICEF: UNICEF and partners vaccinate hundreds of thousands of children affected by Cyclone Idai; stepping up life-saving cholera prevention work in northern areas affected by Cyclone Kenneth. 16 May 2019
- WFP: UK supports Malawi flood victims’ recovery. 20 May 2019
- Govt. Mozambique: Tropical Cyclones Idai and Kenneth, Mozambique National Situation Report 2, 17 May [EN/PT]. 20 May 2019
Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall in Zimbabwe on the 15 of March 2019. From the 23rd to the 27th of April 2019, IOM, in close coordination with the Government of Zimbabwe, conducted baseline assessments in Nyanga, Mutasa, Makoni, Mutare Urban, Chiredzi Rural and Urban districts. DTM will do continuous assessments. For DTM Rounds 1 and 2 use this link.
International Relations and Cooperation Minister Lindiwe Sisulu has thanked the international community for donations made to the province of KwaZulu-Natal and Mozambique following natural disasters that claimed hundreds of lives.
The United Arab Emirates Ambassador to South Africa, Mahash Saeed Al Hameli, donated R1 million towards relief efforts in KwaZulu-Natal, while Aspen Pharmacare donated R50 000 to the province and a further R250 000 for Mozambique.
The Emirates Red Crescent, ERC, has offered food baskets and dietary supplements to 60,000 families, including children, affected by the tropical cyclone, Idai in Malawi.
The ERC is implementing the second phase of its relief programme for those affected by the cyclone.
The ERC said that the ERC’s latest food assistance is part of the massive relief operations launched by the UAE to help Idai-hit Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe as its commitment towards its international humanitarian and development efforts without any non-humanitarian considerations.
Beira, updated on the 15 of April 2019
The objective of this document is to provide technical guidance to partners implementing distribution of hygiene following cyclone Idai. This document has been prepared by the Hygiene Kit Technical Working Group, under the WASH cluster Beira.
1.1. Family Hygiene kit:
As floodwaters recede in Zimbabwe, UNICEF is working to protect orphaned and unaccompanied children who have lost everything.
By Tsitsi Singizi
CHIMANIMANI, Zimbabwe – Prudence remembers the last time she saw her brother Proud. If it wasn’t for him she wouldn’t be here to talk about the devastating floodwaters that swept into her district of Chimanimani, near Zimbabwe’s eastern border with Mozambique, in March. But Proud lost his own life saving his sister’s.
• The number of internally displaced people living in accommodation centres decreased from 160,927 to 15,476 people across 18 sites in Manica, Sofala, Tete and Zambezia, as of 30 April.
• At least 177,000 people are estimated to be in more than 50 communities that are hard-to-reach or inaccessible by road.
MSF emergency coordinator
As the recovery from Cyclone Idai continues, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) emergency coordinator Esperanza Santos explains our response in Dondo district, outside the port city of Beira, one of the areas most affected by Cyclone Idai.
1. General Update
As we respond to the urgent needs generated by Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth, I would like to reiterate, on behalf of the entire Humanitarian Country Team in Mozambique, our Zero Tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse.
The impact was heavy on infrastructures, affecting shelter, health and WASH needs.
Acute Watery Diarrhoea, Acute Respiratory Diseases, malnutrition and malaria were reported.
The compromised conditions of the health facilities and the deteriorated WASH conditions expose people to further deterioration of their health condition.
The extensive damages to crops are likely to affect the food security conditions of the impacted areas
• The cyclone has severely impacted food security and agricultural livelihoods. Populations reportedly lack food stocks, and in addition, large-scale damage to crops will have long-term impact on rural communities.
• Significant loss of shelter, both conventional and locally made, was reported across the district. Displaced populations in around half of the surveyed locations are either staying with families or sleeping out in the open, raising protection concerns.
• Food security was the most critical sector of concern, with 9 locations flooded after the cyclone, and 7 still submerged at the time of the survey. Combined with a pre-existing vulnerability stemming from infertile soil conditions and lack of diversification, food and agricultural assistance will be needed both in the short and longer term..
• Low development of trade and the long distance people have to walk to access markets (that have been disrupted by the cyclone) risks aggravating food insecurity.
• Poor sanitation conditions and a high prevalence of water-borne diseases make WASH intervention a priority.
• Loss of crops, difficult access to markets, and low stock levels are expected to further deteriorate food security in the district
• There are urgent health needs in the district because of a lack of medical equipment, supplies and health staff.
• Key Informants (KIs) in the assessed communities report water, health and food as main priorities.
• Health assistance is a priority, due to difficult access to health facilities and the presence of highly contagious diseases, such as measles, reported across the district.
• WASH assistance is also needed, given the risk to health posed by poor WASH conditions; however, these conditions were noted pre-cyclone.
• There is a need for shelter assistance in some communities where people continue to sleep in open spaces or rely on temporary accommodation.
• Food security was the main priority reported across the district, with significant losses of crops. Immediate short-term assistance as well as long-term livelihoods support will be required in the aftermath of the cyclone for affected populations.
• A high number of houses were destroyed across the district. Shelter assistance and the provision of durable materials are required in order for affected populations to build back better1 .
• The impact from the cyclone was particularly severe on infrastructure, leading to shelter and WASH needs.
• Limited access to health facilities and the deterioration of WASH conditions are likely to expose people to serious health risks.
• Shelter assistance is of high priority. The district was mainly hit by wind, and many people lack adequate housing.