India: Floods - Nov 2018
Following the Southwest Monsoon season (25 May - 21 October this year) heavy rains triggered floods in Kerala State (India), resulting in casualties and damage. According to the national authorities, as of 6 November, the death toll stands at 504, 3.4 million people were displaced in 12,300 relief camps, more then 110,000 houses were damaged and 23 million people affected. (ECHO, 9 Nov 2018)
The cyclone Gaja has set the tone towards the end of North East monsoon in India. A low pressure intensified into a cyclone made its landfall during the early hours on 16 November 2018 had hit six districts in the southern state, Tamil Nadu, namely Nagapattinam, Tiruvarur, Thanjavur, Pudukottai, Dindigul and Ramnad. The wind speeds reached as high as 120 kmph during its landfall. A major disaster was averted due to the elaborate preparedness measures taken by the government supported by the civil society organizations. Approximately 150,000 vulnerable people were evacuated to relief camps along the coastal areas and fishermen were not allowed to go fishing. Despite elaborate preparedness measures, the wind speed and heavy rains have caused deaths, damages to houses and public infrastructure. (IFRC, 23 Nov 2018)
On 15 December, Tropical cyclone PHETHAI formed over the southern Bay of Bengal and started moving north-west toward Andhra Pradesh State with maximum sustained winds of 83 km/h (ECHO, 17 Dec 2018). On 17 December, it made landfall close to Katrenikona town (coastal north-east Andhra Pradesh) as a tropical storm. One person was reportedly killed in the East Godavari District (ECHO, 18 Dec 2018).
According to the Tamil Nadu government, approximately 250,000 people evacuated to 493 relief camps due to Cyclone Gaja which made landfall on 16 November 2018. The death toll stood at 45. It was also reported that more than 115,000 houses were damaged or destroyed. The Government of India and affected state governments are leading the response. (IFRC, 6 Feb 2019).
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- India: Cyclone Gaja Emergency Response in Tamil Nadu- RRF No.20/2018
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Following the successful debut of index-based flood insurance (IBFI) in India’s Bihar State during 2017, the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and its partners have continued their search for ways to make this tool more effective in helping farm families manage disaster risk. Bihar is the country’s most flood-prone state, with about 40 million hectares subject to periodic flooding.
South Asia is a disaster hotspot zone with annual episodes of several hazards causing huge loss of lives and properties across the region. Among hazards, flood ranks the highest in terms of human casualties, loss and damage of property, and the number of households affected each year.
A western disturbance along with its induced cyclonic circulation has caused fairly widespread to widespread rain/snowfall activity over Western Himalayan Region and isolated to scattered rainfall activity over adjoining plains of northwest India in the beginning of the week.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
The fifth named cyclone of the 2018 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, Cyclone Gaja made its landfall during the early hours on 16 November 2018. It hit six districts in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, namely Nagapattinam, Tiruvarur, Thanjavur, Pudukottai, Dindigul and Ramnad. The wind speed reached 120 kmph when it reached land. A major disaster was averted due to the elaborate preparedness measures taken by the government supported by the civil society organizations.
Yesterday’s cyclonic storm “PABUK” over Gulf of Thailand and adjoining areas moved west-northwestwards and emerged into Andaman Sea in the morning (0830 hrs IST) of today, theth January, 2019. It lay centered at 0830 hours IST of today, the 5th January near latitude 9.1°N and longitude 98.1°E, about 650 km east-southeast of Port Blair. It is very likely to move westnorthwestwards for some more time. Thereafter, it is very likely to move northwestwards and cross Andaman Islands around evening/night of 06th January as a cyclonic storm with a wind speed of 70-80 kmph gusting to 90 kmph.
Yesterday’s cyclonic storm “PABUK” over Andaman Sea moved west-northwestwards and lay centered at 0830 hours IST of today, the 06 th January, 2019 over the same region near latitude 11.1°N and longitude 94.6°E, about 210 km east-southeast of Port Blair. Due to unfavourable conditions, the system is very likely to weaken into a deep depression during next 06 hours and further into a depression during subsequent 12 hours.
Yesterday’s cyclonic storm, “PHETHAI” over coastal Andhra Pradesh moved northnortheastwards and weakened into deep depression over westcentral Bay of Bengal (BoB) in the same evening (1730 hrs IST). Moving further north-northeastwards, it crossed Andhra Pradesh coast close to Tuni during same evening (1930 to 2030 hrs IST). It weakened into a depression over coastal Andhra Pradesh in the same midnight (2330 hrs IST).
Tropical cyclone PHETHAI made landfall close to Katrenikona town (coastal north-east Andhra Pradesh) on 17 December in the morning (UTC) as a tropical storm, but is forecast to dissipate over the next 24 hours. One person was reportedly killed in the East Godavari District (coastal northeastern Andhra Pradesh).
Tropical cyclone PHETHAI formed over the southern Bay of Bengal on 15 December and started moving north-west toward Andhra Pradesh State. On 17 December at 0:00 UTC, its centre was located approx. 140 km south of Katrenikona Town and 190 km south of Kakinada City (north-east Andhra Pradesh) with maximum sustained winds of 83 km/h (tropical storm).
As of 13 December, heavy rains in Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien resulted in the death of 13 people, with one person still missing. A number of houses have been damaged or destroyed, while fields have been flooded and livestock swept away.
The disaster risk is level 1 according to Vietnamese disaster risk level (level 5 is the highest). The Central Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control has guided the provinces from Ha Tinh to Phu Yen to monitor the situation. There is no request for international assistance.
The Severe Cyclonic Storm ‘PHETHAI’ over westcentral & adjoining southwest Bay of Bengal moved north-northwestwards with a speed of 16 kmph during past 06 hours and lay centred at 2330 hrs IST of 16 th December, 2018 over westcentral & adjoining southwest Bay of Bengal near latitude 14.0°N and longitude 82.5°E, about 620 km north-northeast of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka), 260 km east-northeast of Chennai (Tamil Nadu), 280 km south-southeast of Machilipatnam (Andhra Pradesh) and 330 km south-southeast of Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh).
Yesterday’s deep depression over southeast Bay of Bengal (BoB) moved westnorthwestwards and lay centered at 0830 hours IST of today, the 15th December southwest & adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal near latitude 9.2°N and longitude 85.2°E, about 440 km eastnortheast of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka), 690 km southeast of Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and 890 km southsoutheast of Machilipatnam (Andhra Pradesh).
Yesterday’s deep depression over southwest & adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal (BoB) moved north-northwestwards and intensified into a cyclonic storm “PHETHAI” (Pronounced as Pay-ti) over southwest BoB in the same evening.
The deep depression over southeast Bay of Bengal turned to Tropical Storm strength and moved west-northwestwards and lay centered at 5.30 hours IST of 15 December, over southwest & adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal, about 470 km east-northeast of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka).
Over the next 24 hours, TC EIGHT - 18 is forecast to continue moving north-northwestwards and cross Andhra Pradesh coast between Ongole and Kakinada on 17 December with the estimated speed of 80 km/h.
A depression formed over southeast Bay of Bengal in the morning (0530 IST) of today, the 13th December, 2018. It moved north-northwestwards during past 03 hours and lay centred at 0830 hrs IST of today, the 13th December, 2018 over southeast Bay of Bengal near latitude 6.7°N and longitude 88.6°E, about 830 km east-southeast of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka), 1150 km southeast of Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and 1330 km south-southeast of Machilipatnam (Andhra Pradesh).
On 3rd December, 2018, Caritas India organized coordination meeting of the Directors of Cyclone Gaja affected Diocesan Social Service Societies (DSSSs) and Tamil Nadu Social Service Society (TASOSS) to review the relief and rehabilitation efforts. Dr.John Arokiaraj, Manager, Caritas India, responsible for Tamil Nadu facilitated the discussions and recognized the efforts of Tamil Nadu Bishops Council, TASOSS and all the DSSSs in mobilizing resources for immediate relief.
The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is like tango, it takes two — the ocean and the atmosphere — to complete. This year, despite widespread above-average sea surface temperatures (SSTs) across the equatorial Pacific Ocean, the atmosphere has not yet responded. Therefore, only “ENSO-neutral” conditions have prevailed in the region so far.
Although the stage is set for the tango, ENSO may or may not materialize, or just slightly influence some parts of the region.
The aid will directly benefit 17 500 people in the worst-hit districts of Nagapattinam,
Thiruvarur and Thanjavur.
New Delhi, 6 December 2018 – In response to cyclone Gaja, which wreaked havoc across large parts of Tamil Nadu in mid-November, the European Commission is allocating EUR 105 000 to provide emergency assistance to the most affected communities. The aid will directly benefit 17 500 people in the worst-hit districts of Nagapattinam, Thiruvarur and Thanjavur.
5th December 2018
Severe cyclonic storm ‘Gaja’ has devastated the Tamil Nadu delta on November 15 and the early hours on November 16, affecting 12 districts of the state.
Predominantly agrarian belt of the state has seen flat coconut farms all over. 60-80% of all coconut trees in the region is destroyed by the cyclonic storm and wind.