Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
A tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia on 16 May 2018. The cyclone system caused heavy rains along the coast of Puntland on 17 May. Flash flooding was reported in the Bari region, which were not limited to seasonal riverbeds. The road linking Bossaso and points south has reportedly been affected. There are also reports of some fishing boats having been washed away by waves off the coast of Sanaag region, which along with Sool are disputed between Somaliland and Puntland. The two authorities have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the storms arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By 18 May, the cyclone had gained strength, reaching tropical storm-wind levels and assigned the name Tropical Cyclone Sagar. Heavy rains are projected for the escarpment and plateau of Somaliland. (OCHA 19 May 2018)
In Somaliland, the largest concentration of fatalities were reported in coastal Galbeed and Awdal, where the cyclone made landfall. Houses were destroyed, and livestock washed away. The heavy rains and subsequent flooding are hindering humanitarians’ ability to access some of the areas affected by the cyclone to assess the extent of the damage and provide assistance. In Puntland, severe weather conditions also resulted in fatalities, livestock loss and the destruction of farms, property and infrastructure including fishing boats...Meanwhile, forces from Puntland and Somaliland have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the cyclone’s arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By the morning of 20 May, meteorological authorities were reporting that Sagar was beginning to weaken into a tropical depression. The tropical depression itself has remained over parts of Ethiopia, Djibouti and north-west Somaliland, about 140 kilometres from Hargeisa. (OCHA , 20 May 2018)
Most read reports
- Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - August 2018 (issued on 17 September 2018)
- Report of the Secretary-General on Somalia (S/2018/800)
- Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, 1 August - 5 September 2018
- Monitoring food security in countries with conflict situations: A joint FAO/WFP update for the United Nations Security Council (August 2018)
- UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report #6: 1 January to 30 June 2018
• Health cluster partners provided consultation services to 385,574 individuals in 371 health facilities (including 15 mobile health units). Of this, 185,844 were reached through funds received from the humanitarian appeal process.
• The effects of floods has led to the increased cases of vector borne diseases including malaria. In July, a total of 1,4822 confirmed cases were recorded by health cluster partners.
• During 2018, 6,9794 suspected cases of measles were reported, of this 562 was reported in July.
This report provides United Nations Security Council (UNSC) members with an overview of the numbers of people in acute need of emergency food, nutrition and livelihood assistance in 22 countries/territories affected by conflict. It analyses the factors driving food insecurity and examines if those factors are a consequence of conflict and/or if they are driving further tension.
6,815 mt of food assistance distributed
US$ 9.8 m cash based transfers made
US$ 129.4 m six months (July-December 2018) net funding requirements
1.67 m people assisted in June 2018
• In response to the cyclone Sagar in May, UNICEF distributed Immediate Response WASH and dignity kits benefitting 700 affected households (including IDPs and surrounding host community) in Damerjog, an IDP site located just outside Djibouti;
• Over the reporting period, 842 people in drought affected areas gained access to adequate sanitation;
OVERVIEW OF THE CONTINUING CRISIS
Tropical Cyclone Sagar affects an estimated 228,800 people
Above-average rainfall, humanitarian assistance improve food security conditions in Somalia
UN increases estimated number of IDPs to 2.6 million people
6,663 mt of food assistance distributed
US$ 10.38 m cash based transfers made
US$ 129.4 m six months (June -November 2018) net funding requirements
1.72 m people assisted in May 2018
• Health cluster partners provided consultation services to 805,167 individuals in 395 health facilities (including 19 mobile health units).
• In attending to the flood affected patients, partners continue to record increased incidences of malaria. A total of 7,0042 confirmed cases of malaria were reported in 2018.
• During 2018, 5.0474 suspected cases of measles were reported, 650 in May and 419 in June.
• In response to flooding along river Juba and Shebelle, partners provided health services to 665,128 patients.
• Children on the move:
Natural disasters and conflict has forced 8.5 million people to flee their homes across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Conflict is the largest driver of displacement – with children often witnessing or experiencing horrific violence, exploitation and abuse.
• Families facing starvation:
More than 12 million children go to bed hungry across South Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya everyday. Children don’t have enough to eat because of various crises – drought, conflict, flooding or hyperinflation.
• Humanitarian situation:
The combined effect of the flash flooding and the Tropical Storm ‘Sagar’ that occurred in central, southern and northeastern regions of Somalia has affected an estimated 830,000 people, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced. The flooding has destroyed farmlands, infrastructure and roads, and disrupted livelihoods in the worst-hit areas.
Conflict intensifies in Al Hudaydah Governorate; humanitarian actors prepare for additional displacement
First containerized vessel delivers supplies to Al Hudaydah Port since November 2017 port closures
Health actors launch cholera and diphtheria vaccination campaigns in high-risk areas
Canada is providing clean water and sanitation support to residents in Somaliland after an entire year’s worth of rain fell in just one day.
Tropical storm Sagar drenched the country with 300 mm of rain per hour and pounded the coastline with winds reaching up to 120km/h. At least 25 people died and close to 700,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance.
Since making landfall in Somaliland last Saturday 19 May, the tropical cyclone Sagar has left an entire year’s worth of rain - between 150 and 200mm according to FAO-Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM) – in some parts of the north. One of the strongest storms ever recorded in Somalia produced wind gusts of up to 102 km/per hour, according to the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System, causing fatalities, flash floods, destruction of farms, infrastructures and livestock, and displacement.