Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
A tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia on 16 May 2018. The cyclone system caused heavy rains along the coast of Puntland on 17 May. Flash flooding was reported in the Bari region, which were not limited to seasonal riverbeds. The road linking Bossaso and points south has reportedly been affected. There are also reports of some fishing boats having been washed away by waves off the coast of Sanaag region, which along with Sool are disputed between Somaliland and Puntland. The two authorities have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the storms arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By 18 May, the cyclone had gained strength, reaching tropical storm-wind levels and assigned the name Tropical Cyclone Sagar. Heavy rains are projected for the escarpment and plateau of Somaliland. (OCHA 19 May 2018)
In Somaliland, the largest concentration of fatalities were reported in coastal Galbeed and Awdal, where the cyclone made landfall. Houses were destroyed, and livestock washed away. The heavy rains and subsequent flooding are hindering humanitarians’ ability to access some of the areas affected by the cyclone to assess the extent of the damage and provide assistance. In Puntland, severe weather conditions also resulted in fatalities, livestock loss and the destruction of farms, property and infrastructure including fishing boats...Meanwhile, forces from Puntland and Somaliland have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the cyclone’s arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By the morning of 20 May, meteorological authorities were reporting that Sagar was beginning to weaken into a tropical depression. The tropical depression itself has remained over parts of Ethiopia, Djibouti and north-west Somaliland, about 140 kilometres from Hargeisa. (OCHA , 20 May 2018)
NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
Highlights - Deyr seasonal rains have underperformed so far.
Over 4.2 million people will need assistance in 2019.
Lughaye, six months after Cyclone Sagar.
IDP woman attains self-reliance.
Sustained humanitarian funding leads to reduced needs.
Deyr season records poor rains
Seasonal rains have underperformed so far
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• The Deyr rainy season begins.
• Needs high among IDPs & rural populations
• Humanitarian Needs Overview process kicks off
• Promoting literacy & skills development.
• Operating environment continues to be challenging
• Life-saving & restoration of facilities continue, four months after Cyclone Sagar
• The Humanitarian Response Plan critically under-funded.
The Deyr rainy season begins
• Food security improving, but nutrition levels remain critical.
• Rise in forced evictions raises concern
• Children < 5 targeted in nationwide polio campaign
• Somalia marks World Humanitarian Day
• SHF releases $7.5million for the north
Food security improving, nutrition situation remains worrying
OVERVIEW OF THE CONTINUING CRISIS
The Gu rainy season has ended and food security has improved significantly compared to the 2016/2017 drought.
Flooding (March-June) and cyclone Sagar (May) affected over one million persons and temporarily displaced 274,000 persons.
Monitoring agencies expect most IDPs will remain in need of emergency humanitarian assistance through 2018.
We stand together with refugees
• Humanitarian situation:
The combined effect of the flash flooding and the Tropical Storm ‘Sagar’ that occurred in central, southern and northeastern regions of Somalia has affected an estimated 830,000 people, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced. The flooding has destroyed farmlands, infrastructure and roads, and disrupted livelihoods in the worst-hit areas.
• Humanitarian situation overview:
The Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners have released updated immediate humanitarian funding priorities.
The needs urgently require US$280.4 million to ensure a response for the next six months. Assistance needed includes delivering emergency health and nutrition services, expanding water and sanitation facilities, improving access to education, and ensuring Improvements in basic living conditions .
Conflict intensifies in Al Hudaydah Governorate; humanitarian actors prepare for additional displacement
First containerized vessel delivers supplies to Al Hudaydah Port since November 2017 port closures
Health actors launch cholera and diphtheria vaccination campaigns in high-risk areas
There has been a significant reduction in rainfall levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins in Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands over the last two weeks, with most areas receiving only light rainfall, if any.
Note de synthèse
Cyclone Sagar leaves a trail of destruction
Flooding worsens fragile humanitarian situation
Some IDPs in Baidoa return to take advantage of the Gu rains.
Pooled funds boost response but gaps remain
Cyclone Sagar leaves trail of destruction
Tropical Cyclone Sagar with winds between 110 -115 km/h formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and Somalia on 19 May. It made landfall on the northwest coast of Somaliland as a Tropical Storm with 56 km/h winds, resulting in a year’s worth of heavy rains and flooding (ADAM 19/05/2018). The storm caused extensive destruction, including loss of livestock and crops, destruction of homes and critical infrastructure, and mass displacement (OCHA 23/05/2018; OCHA 20/05/2018).