Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
A tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia on 16 May 2018. The cyclone system caused heavy rains along the coast of Puntland on 17 May. Flash flooding was reported in the Bari region, which were not limited to seasonal riverbeds. The road linking Bossaso and points south has reportedly been affected. There are also reports of some fishing boats having been washed away by waves off the coast of Sanaag region, which along with Sool are disputed between Somaliland and Puntland. The two authorities have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the storms arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By 18 May, the cyclone had gained strength, reaching tropical storm-wind levels and assigned the name Tropical Cyclone Sagar. Heavy rains are projected for the escarpment and plateau of Somaliland. (OCHA 19 May 2018)
In Somaliland, the largest concentration of fatalities were reported in coastal Galbeed and Awdal, where the cyclone made landfall. Houses were destroyed, and livestock washed away. The heavy rains and subsequent flooding are hindering humanitarians’ ability to access some of the areas affected by the cyclone to assess the extent of the damage and provide assistance. In Puntland, severe weather conditions also resulted in fatalities, livestock loss and the destruction of farms, property and infrastructure including fishing boats...Meanwhile, forces from Puntland and Somaliland have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the cyclone’s arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By the morning of 20 May, meteorological authorities were reporting that Sagar was beginning to weaken into a tropical depression. The tropical depression itself has remained over parts of Ethiopia, Djibouti and north-west Somaliland, about 140 kilometres from Hargeisa. (OCHA , 20 May 2018)
NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
Highlights - Deyr seasonal rains have underperformed so far.
Over 4.2 million people will need assistance in 2019.
Lughaye, six months after Cyclone Sagar.
IDP woman attains self-reliance.
Sustained humanitarian funding leads to reduced needs.
Deyr season records poor rains
Seasonal rains have underperformed so far
Foreword from the Regional Director
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A revolution in aid: Start Network releases 2017 Annual Report
Start Network, a global network of aid agencies, has today published its first annual report showcasing its collective efforts to revolutionise the humanitarian aid system.
• The Deyr rainy season begins.
• Needs high among IDPs & rural populations
• Humanitarian Needs Overview process kicks off
• Promoting literacy & skills development.
• Operating environment continues to be challenging
• Life-saving & restoration of facilities continue, four months after Cyclone Sagar
• The Humanitarian Response Plan critically under-funded.
The Deyr rainy season begins
• Food security improving, but nutrition levels remain critical.
• Rise in forced evictions raises concern
• Children < 5 targeted in nationwide polio campaign
• Somalia marks World Humanitarian Day
• SHF releases $7.5million for the north
Food security improving, nutrition situation remains worrying
• Health cluster partners provided consultation services to 385,574 individuals in 371 health facilities (including 15 mobile health units). Of this, 185,844 were reached through funds received from the humanitarian appeal process.
• The effects of floods has led to the increased cases of vector borne diseases including malaria. In July, a total of 1,4822 confirmed cases were recorded by health cluster partners.
• During 2018, 6,9794 suspected cases of measles were reported, of this 562 was reported in July.
The favourable weather conditions brought about by the Gu rains (April-June) have had a relatively positive impact on livestock conditions, water, pasture availability in Somalia. This, combined with a large-scale humanitarian assistance, have improved the food security situation in Somalia, breaking the downward trend which has emerged during the last two years. The gains are, however, still fragile.
• Resilience building key to ending need.
• Achievements in the first half of 2018
• Brussels hosts Somalia Partnership Forum
• Humanitarian access challenges persist.
• More resources needed to boost humanitarian response.
• The Response Plan revised
Resilience building key to ending need
• In response to the cyclone Sagar in May, UNICEF distributed Immediate Response WASH and dignity kits benefitting 700 affected households (including IDPs and surrounding host community) in Damerjog, an IDP site located just outside Djibouti;
• Over the reporting period, 842 people in drought affected areas gained access to adequate sanitation;
OVERVIEW OF THE CONTINUING CRISIS
Préface – Ministre de l’Economie et des finances, chargé de l’Industrie-Ilyas Moussa Dawaleh
J’ai le plaisir, au nom du Gouvernement de Djibouti, de présenter les résultats de l’évaluation Rapide des dommages, des pertes et des besoins après le cyclone Sagar. Cette évaluation a été conduite du 29 mai au 7 juin 2018 à la demande et sous la direction du Gouvernement de Djibouti, et en collaboration avec la Banque mondiale.
MOGADISHU, Somalia, 17 July 2018 – The European Union (EU) is contributing an additional €5 million in humanitarian support, towards UNICEF’s response, which will provide lifesaving health, nutrition, water, sanitation, education and protection services to children caught in the ongoing crisis in Somalia.
The Gu rainy season has ended and food security has improved significantly compared to the 2016/2017 drought.
Flooding (March-June) and cyclone Sagar (May) affected over one million persons and temporarily displaced 274,000 persons.
Monitoring agencies expect most IDPs will remain in need of emergency humanitarian assistance through 2018.
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