Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
A tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia on 16 May 2018. The cyclone system caused heavy rains along the coast of Puntland on 17 May. Flash flooding was reported in the Bari region, which were not limited to seasonal riverbeds. The road linking Bossaso and points south has reportedly been affected. There are also reports of some fishing boats having been washed away by waves off the coast of Sanaag region, which along with Sool are disputed between Somaliland and Puntland. The two authorities have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the storms arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By 18 May, the cyclone had gained strength, reaching tropical storm-wind levels and assigned the name Tropical Cyclone Sagar. Heavy rains are projected for the escarpment and plateau of Somaliland. (OCHA 19 May 2018)
In Somaliland, the largest concentration of fatalities were reported in coastal Galbeed and Awdal, where the cyclone made landfall. Houses were destroyed, and livestock washed away. The heavy rains and subsequent flooding are hindering humanitarians’ ability to access some of the areas affected by the cyclone to assess the extent of the damage and provide assistance. In Puntland, severe weather conditions also resulted in fatalities, livestock loss and the destruction of farms, property and infrastructure including fishing boats...Meanwhile, forces from Puntland and Somaliland have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the cyclone’s arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By the morning of 20 May, meteorological authorities were reporting that Sagar was beginning to weaken into a tropical depression. The tropical depression itself has remained over parts of Ethiopia, Djibouti and north-west Somaliland, about 140 kilometres from Hargeisa. (OCHA , 20 May 2018)
NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
In May 2018, Cyclone Sagar stormed across the Gulf of Aden and made landfall in Somaliland, disrupting the lives of over 670,000 people. Six months later, efforts to restore livelihoods are finally starting to show results.
"On that night, strong winds tore the ceiling apart and broke some of the wooden branches of our hut. We were forced to move to a nearby school for shelter," says 39-year-old Rahma, a mother of four children. Her house in Baki village was destroyed during the storm. The huge floods washed away their farmland and killed her goats.
Highlights - Deyr seasonal rains have underperformed so far.
Over 4.2 million people will need assistance in 2019.
Lughaye, six months after Cyclone Sagar.
IDP woman attains self-reliance.
Sustained humanitarian funding leads to reduced needs.
Deyr season records poor rains
Seasonal rains have underperformed so far
• The Deyr rainy season begins.
• Needs high among IDPs & rural populations
• Humanitarian Needs Overview process kicks off
• Promoting literacy & skills development.
• Operating environment continues to be challenging
• Life-saving & restoration of facilities continue, four months after Cyclone Sagar
• The Humanitarian Response Plan critically under-funded.
The Deyr rainy season begins
• Food security improving, but nutrition levels remain critical.
• Rise in forced evictions raises concern
• Children < 5 targeted in nationwide polio campaign
• Somalia marks World Humanitarian Day
• SHF releases $7.5million for the north
Food security improving, nutrition situation remains worrying
This report provides United Nations Security Council (UNSC) members with an overview of the numbers of people in acute need of emergency food, nutrition and livelihood assistance in 22 countries/territories affected by conflict. It analyses the factors driving food insecurity and examines if those factors are a consequence of conflict and/or if they are driving further tension.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2019
RÉGION OCCIDENTALE: CALME
SITUATION. Des ailés isolés étaient présents dans le centre et l’est de l’Algérie.
PRÉVISIONS. Une reproduction à petite échelle aura lieu dans le Sahel septentrional de la Mauritanie, du Mali, du Niger, du Tchad et le sud de l’Algérie, et des larves en faibles effectifs apparaîtront. On ne s’attend à aucun développement signifi catif.
RÉGION CENTRALE: CALME
SITUATION. Des ailés isolés étaient présents à l’intérieur du Soudan.
CALM SITUATION. Isolated adults were present in central and eastern Algeria. FORECAST. Small-scale breeding will occur in the northern Sahel of Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad and southern Algeria with very low numbers of hoppers appearing. No significant developments are likely.
Préface – Ministre de l’Economie et des finances, chargé de l’Industrie-Ilyas Moussa Dawaleh
J’ai le plaisir, au nom du Gouvernement de Djibouti, de présenter les résultats de l’évaluation Rapide des dommages, des pertes et des besoins après le cyclone Sagar. Cette évaluation a été conduite du 29 mai au 7 juin 2018 à la demande et sous la direction du Gouvernement de Djibouti, et en collaboration avec la Banque mondiale.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2019
Tropical Cyclone Sagar affects an estimated 228,800 people
Above-average rainfall, humanitarian assistance improve food security conditions in Somalia
UN increases estimated number of IDPs to 2.6 million people
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Conflict and natural hazards endanger agricultural livelihoods
Below-average cereal harvest estimated for 2017, stable cereal import requirements
Almost 18 million people estimated to be food insecure
Conflict and natural hazards endanger agricultural livelihoods
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR DECEMBER 2018
There has been a significant reduction in rainfall levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins in Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands over the last two weeks, with most areas receiving only light rainfall, if any.
Note de synthèse
The tropical Cyclone Sagar landed in northern of Somalia on 21 May, causing devastation, death and displacement, delivering an entire year’s worth of rain in a matter of hours and affecting thousands of people. In addition, continued flash and river flooding in the southern and central areas of the country has compounded the already fragile humanitarian situation due to drought, conflict and marginalization.