Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018Ongoing
A tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia on 16 May 2018. The cyclone system caused heavy rains along the coast of Puntland on 17 May. Flash flooding was reported in the Bari region, which were not limited to seasonal riverbeds. The road linking Bossaso and points south has reportedly been affected. There are also reports of some fishing boats having been washed away by waves off the coast of Sanaag region, which along with Sool are disputed between Somaliland and Puntland. The two authorities have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the storms arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By 18 May, the cyclone had gained strength, reaching tropical storm-wind levels and assigned the name Tropical Cyclone Sagar. Heavy rains are projected for the escarpment and plateau of Somaliland. (OCHA 19 May 2018)
In Somaliland, the largest concentration of fatalities were reported in coastal Galbeed and Awdal, where the cyclone made landfall. Houses were destroyed, and livestock washed away. The heavy rains and subsequent flooding are hindering humanitarians’ ability to access some of the areas affected by the cyclone to assess the extent of the damage and provide assistance. In Puntland, severe weather conditions also resulted in fatalities, livestock loss and the destruction of farms, property and infrastructure including fishing boats...Meanwhile, forces from Puntland and Somaliland have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the cyclone’s arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By the morning of 20 May, meteorological authorities were reporting that Sagar was beginning to weaken into a tropical depression. The tropical depression itself has remained over parts of Ethiopia, Djibouti and north-west Somaliland, about 140 kilometres from Hargeisa. (OCHA , 20 May 2018)
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On 19 May, Tropical Cyclone Sagar made landfall in North-western Somaliland bearing winds in excess of 120 km/h and an entire year’s worth of rain (200-300mm) affecting approximately 700,000 people and widespread destruction of property, infrastructure and the loss of livestock (Government of Somaliland 21/05/201; GDACS 19/05/2015; SWALIM 18/05/2018). The cyclone led to flooding that impacted populations previously devastated by droughts and that had not yet recovered, further worsening existing food insecurity. Urgent needs include food, shelter, WASH, and health (OCHA 20/05/2018).
• The estimated number of people affected by flooding following Cyclone Sagar has increased to 25,000 to 50,000 and two fatalities have been reported.
• Flood waters are now subsiding but several areas remain inundated.
• Response is underway, under the leadership of the Government.
UNITAR – UNOSAT, following the request of UNOCHA Djibouti , has performed a rapid flood assessment to illustrate the impact caused after the passage of Tropical Cyclone Sagar-18 over Djibouti & Balbala. For this rapid flood analysis UNOSAT has used post-event cloud free images of the area, collected on the 20th & 21st May 2018, 3 meters resolution.
On 21 May, the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC)-led Flood Task Force issued a revised Flood Alert, based on the monthly National Meteorology Agency (NMA) forecast for the month of May 2018. The latest NMA forecast informs of a shift of the heavy rainfall from south eastern Ethiopia (mainly Somali region) to the central, western and parts of northern Ethiopia, including Afar, Amhara, Gambella, southern Oromia, parts of SNNP and Tigray region.
Monday 21st May 2017- A powerful tropical cyclone with winds in excess of 120 km/per hour and an entire year’s worth of rain in just a few days has left destruction and death in its wake in Somaliland, endangering the lives of thousands of children in the region.
In this issue
Damage and loss assessment P.1
Gov’t to resettle Qoloji IDPs P.1
Tropical Storm SAGAR makes landfall P. 2
Rising humanitarian needs for Ethiopian returnees from KSA P. 3
Government is consolidating assessment of the damage and loss incurred due to the violence along the Oromia and Somali regional boundaries since September 2017.
• Despite ongoing conflict, humanitarian access to parts of Al-Wazi’iyah and Mawza districts in Taizz Governorate has improved, including from Aden and Al-Turbah City.
• Hundreds of families have fled military operations in Altuhayat District, Al Hudaydah Governorate, with an estimated 705 arriving in Zabid and Al-Garrahi districts.
• Heavy rains affected several governorates in the southern coastal areas as Cyclone Sagar passed the Gulf of Aden, but minimal damage was reported.
20,000 people were affected by flooding in Djibouti, more than 10,000 people were displaced in Somaliland, and homes and fishing boats were destroyed in Puntland.
"This cyclone left a trail of destruction when it hit Puntland and Somaliland. The storm then continued to Djibouti, where it caused major flooding, not least in Djibouti city. This is the biggest storm to hit the region in years," said Nigel Tricks, Regional Director for the Norwegian Refugee Council.
• Cyclone Sagar has caused heavy rain and flash floods in Djibouti.
• Initial estimates indicate that 20,000 to 30,000 people may have been affected, with Djibouti City and the suburb of Balbala hardest hit.
Heavy rains due to Cyclone Sagar have caused flash floods in Djibouti, particularly in Djibouti City and the suburb of Balbala.
REGIONAL SPECIALISED METEOROLOGICAL CENTRE-TROPICAL CYCLONES, NEW DELHI TROPICAL CYCLONE ADVISORY BULLETIN
The cyclonic storm “SAGAR” over Gulf of Aden moved further west-southwestwards with a speed of 8 kmph during past 6 hours, and lay centered at 0530 hrs IST of 19 th May 2018 over Gulf of Aden near latitude 11.1 0N and longitude 44.8 0E; about 170 km south-southeast of Aden (Yemen) and 1000 km west-southwest of Socotra Islands. It is very likely to continue to move west-southwestwards and weaken gradually and cross Somalia coast near longitude 440E during afternoon of today, the 19th May 2018 as a cyclonic storm with wind speed 65-75 kmph gusting to 85 kmph.
Tropical Cyclone Sagar is churning through the Gulf of Aden and is expected to make landfall on the coast of the Horn of Africa and parts of southern Yemen on Saturday, bringing with it high winds and heavy rainfall.
Direct Relief is in the process of moving medical material aid into the region which may be used by storm impacted communities in the coming weeks. Five pallets of hospital and fistula treatment-related medications and supplies are headed for Edna Adan Hospital in Somaliland, which is in the center of the predicted storm path.
The cyclonic storm “SAGAR” over Gulf of Aden moved further west-southwestwards with a speed of 8 kmph during past 6 hours, and lay centered at 2030 hrs IST of 18 th May 2018 over Gulf of Aden near latitude 11.4 0N and longitude 45.3 0E; about 170 km south-southeast of Aden (Yemen) and 970 km west-southwest of Socotra Islands. It is very likely to continue to move west-southwestwards and weaken gradually from 19th morning and cross Somalia coast near longitude 440E during afternoon of 19th May 2018 as a cyclonic storm with wind speed 65-75 kmph gusting to 85 kmph.
Expected Landfall in Ethiopia: Sunday 20 May, 14:00 local time
Tropical Storm SAGAR will likely have transformed into a Tropical Depression when it reaches Ethiopia - expected for Sunday early afternoon. Wind speeds will reach up to 56 km/h. SAGAR is expected to cause increased rainfall when it hits.
Following a Tropical Cylcone in the gulf of Aden, heavy rains that led to flash floods were experienced in Bari region of Puntland in the last 12 hours. The rains are expected intensify during the next two days in most parts of Puntland and Somaliland with a reduction on 21/05/2018. Flash floods and strong winds will be experienced during this time in these areas.
A rare tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia late on Wednesday, 16 May 2018. The cyclone, Sagar (TC01A), threatens to bring rains and dangerous flash flooding to desert areas of southern Yemen, northern Somalia and Djibouti.
On Thursday, the centre of the cyclone was about 400 km east of Aden, Yemen. Showers and thunderstorms were reported in the coast of southern Yemen west and east of Aden and on the coast of northern Somalia near Berbera.