Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
A tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia on 16 May 2018. The cyclone system caused heavy rains along the coast of Puntland on 17 May. Flash flooding was reported in the Bari region, which were not limited to seasonal riverbeds. The road linking Bossaso and points south has reportedly been affected. There are also reports of some fishing boats having been washed away by waves off the coast of Sanaag region, which along with Sool are disputed between Somaliland and Puntland. The two authorities have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the storms arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By 18 May, the cyclone had gained strength, reaching tropical storm-wind levels and assigned the name Tropical Cyclone Sagar. Heavy rains are projected for the escarpment and plateau of Somaliland. (OCHA 19 May 2018)
In Somaliland, the largest concentration of fatalities were reported in coastal Galbeed and Awdal, where the cyclone made landfall. Houses were destroyed, and livestock washed away. The heavy rains and subsequent flooding are hindering humanitarians’ ability to access some of the areas affected by the cyclone to assess the extent of the damage and provide assistance. In Puntland, severe weather conditions also resulted in fatalities, livestock loss and the destruction of farms, property and infrastructure including fishing boats...Meanwhile, forces from Puntland and Somaliland have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the cyclone’s arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By the morning of 20 May, meteorological authorities were reporting that Sagar was beginning to weaken into a tropical depression. The tropical depression itself has remained over parts of Ethiopia, Djibouti and north-west Somaliland, about 140 kilometres from Hargeisa. (OCHA , 20 May 2018)
NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia continues to be driven by conflict, recurrent climatic shocks, and political and socioeconomic challenges. Access to basic services remains restricted and protection risks high. An estimated 2.6 million people are displaced. One third of Somalis (4.2 million) will require humanitarian assistance and protection in 2019. Some 1.5 million people are acutely food insecure in Emergency (IPC4) or Crisis (IPC Phase 3); and some 2 million in Stress (IPC 2).
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The overall food security situation in Somalia has improved due to above average Gu rainfall (April-June) and sustained humanitarian response. Similarly, the nutrition situation has marginally improved. Despite these improvements, high levels of vulnerability persists.
• Food security improving, but nutrition levels remain critical.
• Rise in forced evictions raises concern
• Children < 5 targeted in nationwide polio campaign
• Somalia marks World Humanitarian Day
• SHF releases $7.5million for the north
Food security improving, nutrition situation remains worrying
OVERVIEW OF THE CONTINUING CRISIS
Tropical Cyclone Sagar affects an estimated 228,800 people
Above-average rainfall, humanitarian assistance improve food security conditions in Somalia
UN increases estimated number of IDPs to 2.6 million people
Children at grave risk as violations spike.
Interview with outgoing DHC.
The Gu rainy season ends, but needs remain high.
Humanitarians step up vaccination campaigns.
Lack of funding hampers aid operation.
# of people in need 5.4m
# of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis (IPC Phases 3 &4) 2.m
# of people Emergency (IPC Phase 4) 0.5m
• Humanitarian situation:
The combined effect of the flash flooding and the Tropical Storm ‘Sagar’ that occurred in central, southern and northeastern regions of Somalia has affected an estimated 830,000 people, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced. The flooding has destroyed farmlands, infrastructure and roads, and disrupted livelihoods in the worst-hit areas.
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