Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
A tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia on 16 May 2018. The cyclone system caused heavy rains along the coast of Puntland on 17 May. Flash flooding was reported in the Bari region, which were not limited to seasonal riverbeds. The road linking Bossaso and points south has reportedly been affected. There are also reports of some fishing boats having been washed away by waves off the coast of Sanaag region, which along with Sool are disputed between Somaliland and Puntland. The two authorities have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the storms arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By 18 May, the cyclone had gained strength, reaching tropical storm-wind levels and assigned the name Tropical Cyclone Sagar. Heavy rains are projected for the escarpment and plateau of Somaliland. (OCHA 19 May 2018)
In Somaliland, the largest concentration of fatalities were reported in coastal Galbeed and Awdal, where the cyclone made landfall. Houses were destroyed, and livestock washed away. The heavy rains and subsequent flooding are hindering humanitarians’ ability to access some of the areas affected by the cyclone to assess the extent of the damage and provide assistance. In Puntland, severe weather conditions also resulted in fatalities, livestock loss and the destruction of farms, property and infrastructure including fishing boats...Meanwhile, forces from Puntland and Somaliland have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the cyclone’s arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By the morning of 20 May, meteorological authorities were reporting that Sagar was beginning to weaken into a tropical depression. The tropical depression itself has remained over parts of Ethiopia, Djibouti and north-west Somaliland, about 140 kilometres from Hargeisa. (OCHA , 20 May 2018)
Most read reports
- Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, 5 September – 4 October 2018
- Somalia Humanitarian Fund: 2018 Dashboard (As of 01 October 2018)
- Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, 1 August - 5 September 2018
- UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report #6: 1 January to 30 June 2018
- Yemen: Cyclone Mekunu Flash Update 1 | 25 May 2018 [EN/AR]
The overall food security situation in Somalia has improved due to above average Gu rainfall (April-June) and sustained humanitarian response. Similarly, the nutrition situation has marginally improved. Despite these improvements, high levels of vulnerability persists.
• Food security improving, but nutrition levels remain critical.
• Rise in forced evictions raises concern
• Children < 5 targeted in nationwide polio campaign
• Somalia marks World Humanitarian Day
• SHF releases $7.5million for the north
Food security improving, nutrition situation remains worrying
• Health cluster partners provided consultation services to 385,574 individuals in 371 health facilities (including 15 mobile health units). Of this, 185,844 were reached through funds received from the humanitarian appeal process.
• The effects of floods has led to the increased cases of vector borne diseases including malaria. In July, a total of 1,4822 confirmed cases were recorded by health cluster partners.
• During 2018, 6,9794 suspected cases of measles were reported, of this 562 was reported in July.
The favourable weather conditions brought about by the Gu rains (April-June) have had a relatively positive impact on livestock conditions, water, pasture availability in Somalia. This, combined with a large-scale humanitarian assistance, have improved the food security situation in Somalia, breaking the downward trend which has emerged during the last two years. The gains are, however, still fragile.
• Resilience building key to ending need.
• Achievements in the first half of 2018
• Brussels hosts Somalia Partnership Forum
• Humanitarian access challenges persist.
• More resources needed to boost humanitarian response.
• The Response Plan revised
Resilience building key to ending need
OVERVIEW OF THE CONTINUING CRISIS
Tropical Cyclone Sagar affects an estimated 228,800 people
Above-average rainfall, humanitarian assistance improve food security conditions in Somalia
UN increases estimated number of IDPs to 2.6 million people
Children at grave risk as violations spike.
Interview with outgoing DHC.
The Gu rainy season ends, but needs remain high.
Humanitarians step up vaccination campaigns.
Lack of funding hampers aid operation.
# of people in need 5.4m
# of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis (IPC Phases 3 &4) 2.m
# of people Emergency (IPC Phase 4) 0.5m
• Health cluster partners provided consultation services to 805,167 individuals in 395 health facilities (including 19 mobile health units).
• In attending to the flood affected patients, partners continue to record increased incidences of malaria. A total of 7,0042 confirmed cases of malaria were reported in 2018.
• During 2018, 5.0474 suspected cases of measles were reported, 650 in May and 419 in June.
• In response to flooding along river Juba and Shebelle, partners provided health services to 665,128 patients.
• Humanitarian situation:
The combined effect of the flash flooding and the Tropical Storm ‘Sagar’ that occurred in central, southern and northeastern regions of Somalia has affected an estimated 830,000 people, of which nearly 290,000 have been temporarily displaced. The flooding has destroyed farmlands, infrastructure and roads, and disrupted livelihoods in the worst-hit areas.
Famine was averted in Somalia in 2017, thanks to the rapid mobilisation of resources and scaled-up response. By the end of 2017, donors had collectively contributed or pledged $1.32 billion, channelled either through the projects included in the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) or projects outside of the HRP.
Norway will provide a further NOK 30 million to alleviate the situation in Somalia. The funds will be channelled through the Somalia Humanitarian Fund, which is administered by the UN, and through Save the Children Norway and Norwegian Church Aid.
'Over the last year, Somalia has been severely affected by drought. Now, the population has been hit by flash floods and river flooding. The authorities and humanitarian actors are doing their best to respond to the situation. It is important that Norway also does its part,' said Minister of Foreign Affairs Ine Eriksen Søreide.