Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
A tropical cyclone formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and northern Somalia on 16 May 2018. The cyclone system caused heavy rains along the coast of Puntland on 17 May. Flash flooding was reported in the Bari region, which were not limited to seasonal riverbeds. The road linking Bossaso and points south has reportedly been affected. There are also reports of some fishing boats having been washed away by waves off the coast of Sanaag region, which along with Sool are disputed between Somaliland and Puntland. The two authorities have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the storms arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By 18 May, the cyclone had gained strength, reaching tropical storm-wind levels and assigned the name Tropical Cyclone Sagar. Heavy rains are projected for the escarpment and plateau of Somaliland. (OCHA 19 May 2018)
In Somaliland, the largest concentration of fatalities were reported in coastal Galbeed and Awdal, where the cyclone made landfall. Houses were destroyed, and livestock washed away. The heavy rains and subsequent flooding are hindering humanitarians’ ability to access some of the areas affected by the cyclone to assess the extent of the damage and provide assistance. In Puntland, severe weather conditions also resulted in fatalities, livestock loss and the destruction of farms, property and infrastructure including fishing boats...Meanwhile, forces from Puntland and Somaliland have been engaged in an armed standoff in Sool that had displaced almost 10,000 people prior to the cyclone’s arrival, further complicating an already complex humanitarian picture. By the morning of 20 May, meteorological authorities were reporting that Sagar was beginning to weaken into a tropical depression. The tropical depression itself has remained over parts of Ethiopia, Djibouti and north-west Somaliland, about 140 kilometres from Hargeisa. (OCHA , 20 May 2018)
Most read reports
- Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, 1 November - 4 December 2018 [EN/SO]
- Somalia Humanitarian Fund: 2018 Dashboard (As of 06 December 2018)
- Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia, 2 June – 5 July 2018
- OCHA Flash Update #1 - Tropical Cyclone Sagar | 19 May 2018
- OCHA Flash Update #2 - Tropical Cyclone Sagar | 20 May 2018
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Food security improving, nutrition situation remains worrying
This report provides United Nations Security Council (UNSC) members with an overview of the numbers of people in acute need of emergency food, nutrition and livelihood assistance in 22 countries/territories affected by conflict. It analyses the factors driving food insecurity and examines if those factors are a consequence of conflict and/or if they are driving further tension.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2019
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2019
Tropical Cyclone Sagar affects an estimated 228,800 people
Above-average rainfall, humanitarian assistance improve food security conditions in Somalia
UN increases estimated number of IDPs to 2.6 million people
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR DECEMBER 2018
There has been a significant reduction in rainfall levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins in Somalia and the Ethiopian highlands over the last two weeks, with most areas receiving only light rainfall, if any.
Note de synthèse
The tropical Cyclone Sagar landed in northern of Somalia on 21 May, causing devastation, death and displacement, delivering an entire year’s worth of rain in a matter of hours and affecting thousands of people. In addition, continued flash and river flooding in the southern and central areas of the country has compounded the already fragile humanitarian situation due to drought, conflict and marginalization.
The past week has seen a reduction in rainfall activity across Somalia and in the Ethiopian highlands, according to FAO-managed Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM). However, river levels remain high with flooding continuing along the Shabelle, while water levels are reducing down the Juba River, according to SWALIM. In Belet Weyne town and surrounding areas in Hirshabelle state, flood waters are receding while in Bulo Burto and Jalalasqi flooding levels have increased.
Torrential rainfall in parts of northwestern Somalia causes significant destruction
Since making landfall in Somaliland last Saturday 19 May, the tropical cyclone Sagar has left an entire year’s worth of rain - between 150 and 200mm according to FAO-Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM) – in some parts of the north. One of the strongest storms ever recorded in Somalia produced wind gusts of up to 102 km/per hour, according to the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System, causing fatalities, flash floods, destruction of farms, infrastructures and livestock, and displacement.
Issued on Wednesday, 16th May 2018 at 0130 local time.
A Tropical Cyclone is expected to develop at the eastern end of the Gulf of Aden in the next 24 hours (See Figure 1). This is forecast to track westwards along the Gulf and bring exceptionally high rainfall totals to a usually very arid region.