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09 Oct 2018 description

In Numbers

1.26 million people and 5 regions affected by rain shortfalls and failed harvests


  • The food security and nutritional situation is alarming due to failed harvests and rain shortfalls

  • Around 400,438 people are in IPC emergency phase and 860,883 people are in crisis phase, in the southern and south-eastern regions

  • WFP plans on reaching 849,000 people from this population

Situation Update

08 Oct 2018 description


More than 400,000 people across the region have been affected by floods and cyclones in 2018.

There is a 65-70 per cent probability of an El Niño event between December and February, as compared with a 90 per cent probability ahead of the same period in 2015 - 2016.

People in two districts in Madagascar and three in Zimbabwe are facing Emergency food insecurity.


24 Sep 2018 description

In Numbers

3,716 mt of food assistance distributed

US$ 33.6 million six months (July-December 2018) net funding requirement

588,379 people assisted in June 2018

Operational Updates

29 Aug 2018 description

Key messages

• The 2017-18 rainfall season was characterized by a late start, an extended mid-season dry spell (December-January) and heavy rains from February into April. The dry spell caused moisture stress and wilting of the early planted crops in many areas in Botswana, south-western Madagascar, southern Malawi, southern and some central parts of Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

07 Aug 2018 description


Madagascar faces a number of humanitarian challenges, including recurring natural disasters, disease outbreaks, banditry, pest infestations and acute food insecurity. According to the UN, 90 percent of the population lives below the international poverty line and more than 50 percent of children under the age of 5 are chronically malnourished.

24 Jul 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund


  • From January to June 2018, Madagascar has been hit by tropical Cyclone Ava and tropical Storm Eliakim. UNICEF worked closely with the Government and partners to provide children and women access to nutrition, health, education, water, sanitation and hygiene and child protection services and support.

  • No additional cases of the plague have been reported since December 2017, which marks the end of the “plague season”. However, UNICEF and partners remain vigilant.

30 Apr 2018 description

In Numbers

3,890 mt of food assistance distributed

US$ 264,690 cash based transfers made

US$ 4.86 m six months (April-October 2018) net funding requirement

634,014 people assisted in April 2018

Operational Updates

• WFP’s response in Southern Madagascar: Guided by the findings of food security assessments, since October 2017, WFP focused its resilience activities on strengthening the resilience of communities in areas where the food security situation had improved through an integrated approach.

26 Apr 2018 description

Key Figures

64 Cases of plague (2018)
20 Deaths (2018)
35 Districts affected by Fall Armyworm infestation
32 Cyclone and flood-affected districts
212k People affected by floods during the cyclone season 2017- 2018
810k People severely food insecure


09 Apr 2018 description


  • Madagascar routinely faces a number of humanitarian challenges, including recurring natural disasters, disease outbreaks, banditry, pest infestations and acute food insecurity. According to the UN, 90 percent of people in Madagascar live below the international poverty line and more than 50 percent of children under the age of 5 are chronically malnourished.

09 Apr 2018 description
report The Conversation

The Conversation

Tiana Mahefasoa Randrianalijaona, Director of the Multidisciplinary Disaster and Risk Management Master’s programme, Université d’Antananarivo

04 Apr 2018 description


  • La Forte Tempête Tropicale Eliakim, la 5eme de l’actuelle saison cyclonique, a atterrit le 16 mars à 09h00 locale au niveau du Cap Masoala, restait pendant presque 24 heures dans le district de Maroantsetra avant de sortir en mer le 18 mars au niveau du district de Vatomamdry.

  • Le nord-ouest, le nord et surtout les nord-est du pays ont été directement affectés, avant le passage d’Eliakim, ces zones ont déjà reçu jusqu'à 400% de précipitations par rapport à la normale saisonnière.

31 Mar 2018 description

Southwestern Madagascar continues to feel effects of dryness

Key Messages

Cyclone Eliakim passed along the eastern coast of Madagascar in mid-March, damaging clove crops in Analanjirofo region during their flowering stage. Vanilla was less affected. Some severe flooding was reported by OCHA in ricefields in Maroantsetra, and less severe flooding in Mandritsara and Ambilobe.

26 Mar 2018 description

Episcopal Relief & Development is working with the Anglican Alliance and the the Diocese of Fianarantsoa to provide critical emergency support in Madagascar after the devastation of Tropical Cyclone Ava in early January.

The island was hit by torrential rains, floods and mudslides which destroyed dozens of homes and farms. Over 50 deaths were reported and more than 17,000 people were displaced.

01 Mar 2018 description

Rainfall deficits in southwestern Madagascar and flooding in southeastern Madagascar disrupt agriculture


• The northern half of Madagascar received above average rainfall during the 2017/2018 rainy season 2017/2018 but the southern half received below average rainfall. A deficit was particularly seen in the southwest, including the Tsiribihini Delta production area that is a major food supplier to southern Madagascar, which received only 55 percent of average rainfall between October 2017 and February 2018.

27 Feb 2018 description

Key Figures
- 75% shortfall in rain in large parts of the region during January
- 14,732 cholera cases and 218 deaths reported since 2017
- 234,200 people affected by floods and cyclones in 2018


22 Feb 2018 description


  • WFP is implementing resilience strengthening activities in 16 targeted communes of the South and South East, where the food security situation has improved.
    Nutritional support and school feeding programmes are also implemented in those communes, for higher impact.

  • Given that the 2017/2018 cyclone season is reported to be highly active, WFP is enhancing its emergency preparedness measures. WFP has provided emergency food assistance to 11,790 households displaced following cyclone AVA.

01 Feb 2018 description


• Overall humanitarian needs decrease as Southern Africa recovers from 2015/2016 El Niño-related drought conditions

• Tropical Cyclone Ava results in more than 50 deaths in Madagascar

• Recent analyses project mixed food security outcomes across Southern Africa through mid-2018