Hurricane Maria - Sep 2017
Hurricane MARIA continued moving west-northwest over the Caribbean Sea, strengthening. Its center passed south of St. Croix island (US Virgin islands) early in the morning of 20 September. It then continued moving towards Puerto Rico as a category 5 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 270 km/h. MARIA is forecast to make landfall along Puerto Rico, near Yabucoa city at around 12 UTC on 20 September....Official reports mentioned that, as of 20 September, at least two people were killed in Guadeloupe island, while hundreds of people have been evacuated and hundreds of houses destroyed in Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique islands. (ECHO, 20 Sep 2017)
At least 14 people have died in Dominica, with the number of fatalities expected to rise as large areas of the island remain inaccessible after category 5 Hurricane Maria decimated the island’s east coast, according to initial reports from the ground. At least 80 per cent of the island’s population has been affected and needs support with shelter and water, according to CDEMA. (OCHA, 21 Sep 2017)
As of 19 September, hundreds of people were evacuated in Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique. Mandatory evacuation orders were issued for more than 11,900 people in Puerto Rico (ECHO 19/09/2017). Maria made landfall in Dominica on September 19 and in Puerto Rico on 20 September. As of October 10, at least 96 people are confirmed to have been killed: 51 in Puerto Rico, 30 in Dominica, five in the Dominican Republic, four in the contiguous United States, three in Haiti, two in Guadeloupe, and one in the US Virgin Islands. 39,000 children are in need of assistance in countries affected by hurricanes Irma and Maria, more than a quarter of them are under five (UNICEF 18/10/2017) (ACAPS, 2 Nov 2017)
On 29 September, UN and partners launched a Flash Appeal for $31.1 million to support relief and early recovery efforts in Dominica till the end of 2017. The UN has allocated US$3 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to address the urgent needs of Dominica’s people. There is a steady flow of food into the country. More than 15.5 metric ton of food and 190,000 litres water has been delivered. Supermarkets are expected to open this week. Government expects to have access to all parts of the country later this week. Provision of potable water to the west coast to be prioritized following serious concerns over communicable diseases. (UN, 2 Oct 2017)
As of 14 November, in Anguilla, the British Virgin Islands (BVI) and Dominica, approximately 70 per cent of the population has access to restored water services, while power services coverage ranges from 70 per cent in Turk and Caicos Islands (TCI) to 10 percent in Dominica. There has also been a notable reduction in the number of displaced people living in official shelters in BVI and Dominica. In Dominica, this includes a 60 per cent decrease over the last few weeks.
The majority of children in Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, and Turk and Caicos Islands have now gone back to school, with all public schools reopening. However, in Dominica just around a third of national schools were open as of 10 November, and 87 per cent of children living in collective shelters still do not have access to any type of education, and are missing out on valuable months of their schooling, which could have implications on the quality of their education. (UNICEF, 14 Nov 2017)
For Dominica, The Post-Disaster Needs Assessment concluded that Hurricane Maria resulted in total damages of EC$2.51 billion (US$931 million) and losses of EC$1.03 billion (US$382 million), which amounts to 226 percent of 2016 gross domestic product (GDP). The identified recovery needs for reconstruction and resilience interventions, incorporating the principle of ‘building back better’ (BBB) where possible, amount to EC$3.69 billion (US$1.37 billion). (Gov't of Dominica, 15 Nov 2017)
The European Commission has provided €500,000 to [UNICEF] to support Dominica’s education sector in the wake of the devastation caused by Hurricane Maria last September...The EU-UNICEF project aims to fill this gap. The 11-month project will target 1,500 primary school children in the 20 most severely damaged schools. Each school will get a library and a range of teaching materials, including text books and workbooks. (ECHO/UNICEF, 18 Jan 2018)
At almost four months after Hurricane Maria hit Dominica, only around 10 per cent of people, mainly in the cities of Roseau and Portsmouth, have access to electricity. The Dominica Electricity Services reported that services are in process of being restored throughout the island. Diverse foodstuffs have reappeared on the markets, shops are reopening, most public schools have reopened, and 30 out of 43 damaged water systems have been provisionally repaired. The curfew was lifted in Roseau on 8 December. Nevertheless, Dominica remains seriously impacted. Over 80 percent of houses still have inadequate roofing, many children have not yet returned to school and a sizeable portion of the population is highly vulnerable due to the loss of their main source of livelihoods. To date, 8 collection centres are still open. (IFRC, 29 Jan 2018)
The humanitarian actors have mostly transitioned from relief activities to recovery, and coordination mechanisms are reflecting this shift. A growing number of ministries and stakeholders take part in sector coordination mechanisms, which is conducive to more comprehensive and complementary action plans. Finally, the Ministry of Planning has taken over multi-sector coordination from the Dominican government’s Emergency Operations Centre (EOC). (IFRC, 20 May 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands)
- British Virgin Islands
- Dominican Republic
- Guadeloupe (France)
- Martinique (France)
- Puerto Rico (The United States of America)
- Saint Barthélemy (France)
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Sint Maarten (The Netherlands)
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- United States Virgin Islands
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Quick Facts: Hurricane Maria's Effect on Puerto Rico
- Global Climate Risk Index 2019
- After the Hurricane – an overview of the damage Irma and Maria left behind
- Dominica: Hurricane Maria - Emergency Appeal Operations Update - 12-month operations update (MDRDM003)
- In Puerto Rico, a Champion for Clean Water
Summary of modifications from revised Emergency Plan of Action
This 12-month operations update provides an overview of consolidated achievements delivered through the operation in Dominica. The operation has been extended by 3 months (with a new end date of 31 March 2019) to complete the DRR activities funded by the appeal.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
1) The operation was extended from 15 to 18 months; the new operation end date is 31 March 2019.
Release Number: 307
GUAYNABO, Puerto Rico – FEMA has awarded more than $64 million to Puerto Rico to cover costs related to Hurricane Maria.
These awards bring to $4.6 billion the amount of funds obligated under FEMA’s Public Assistance program.
The latest grants approved are as follows:
More than $44 million to the Puerto Rico Department of Education for debris removal and emergency protective measures.
Who suffers Most from Extreme Weather Events? Weather-related Loss Events in 2017 and 1998 to 2017
The Global Climate Risk Index 2019 analyses to what extent countries and regions have been affected by impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.). The most recent data available — for 2017 and from 1998 to 2017 — were taken into account.
The countries and territories affected most in 2017 were Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka as well as Dominica. For the period from 1998 to 2017 Puerto Rico, Honduras and Myanmar rank highest.
Hurricane Maria impacted the Caribbean nation of Dominica on September 18, 2017 as a category 5 hurricane causing death, destruction and despair to the country of 70,000 people. However the story following Hurricane Maria is more than the overwhelming impact on the country and its people, but also about recovery, community resilience and self help.
Alex Rodriguez and the group, Por Los Nuestros, are working to bring clean water to communities in Puerto Rico.
By Lara Cooper November 29, 2018 9:23 am
When Alex Rodriguez learned of the death of a man from his hometown in Canovanas, Puerto Rico, he didn’t see another tally in Hurricane Maria’s human toll. He saw himself.
“I knew where he came from,” Rodriguez said. “He was 27 years old when [he] died, the same age as me when Maria struck.”
DELEGATION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION TO BARBADOS, THE EASTERN CARIBBEAN STATES, THE OECS, AND CARICOM/CARIFORUM
Friday, November 23, 2018 — The European Union is releasing to Dominica EC$24 million (7.7M euros), the first tranche of a total of EC$34 million (11M euros), as part of its contribution to the reconstruction of the country following the devastation caused by Hurricane Maria last year (2017).
Habitat passes 22 million people served in record-setting year providing affordable housing solutions around the world
The nonprofit’s 2018 annual report highlights impact in the U.S. and in more than 70 other countries
This Study sought to review the efforts of the private sector, in the Virgin Islands and Dominica impacted by hurricanes Irma and Maria, in preparing for, responding to and recovering from these events.
The Study provides:
i. An understanding of BCP and business continuity management (BCM) practice in the private sector in BVI and Dominica.
ii. Improved information on resilience, reconstruction and capacity building initiatives of the private sector to inform practice and address gaps.
With Small Island Developing States (SIDS) bearing the brunt of economic losses from climate change, making them more resilient to extreme weather events must be a priority, said Inga Rhonda King, President of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), speaking at UN Headquarters in New York on Tuesday.
PUNTA SANTIAGO, Puerto Rico – Recovery progress is perhaps more obvious here than elsewhere on the island as Punta Santiago sheds the moniker “Apocalypse Beach” locals adopted after Hurricane María.
It was here, a 20-minute drive from where Hurricane María made landfall, the words “Necesitamos agua/comida,” or “We need water and food,” were chalked onto the asphalt. An image of this desperate call for help made national news.
Les points saillants
Hausse d’environ 8 % du coût du panier au cours du dernier trimestre de 2017 et de 9 % en en glissement annuel due particulièrement à la hausse de plus de 10 % des prix du maïs importé, du riz local, du haricot rouge.
Tendance à la hausse sur le marché d’exportation américain du prix du riz tandis que ceux du maïs et du blé sont relativement stables au cours du 2e semestre de l’année.
BY: HEATHER GIES | OCTOBER 29, 2018
Even before Hurricane Maria devastated the island back in September 2017, Puerto Rico already imported 85 percent of its food. Local farming declined decades ago amid U.S.-led industrialization on the island, following a shift away from diversified small-scale farms to plantation agriculture. An ailing economy, austerity, and the fact that 44 percent of Puerto Ricans lived below the poverty line all deepened household food insecurity.
GUAYNABO, Puerto Rico – FEMA has awarded nearly $46 million in additional grants to cover Hurricane María-related expenses. These awards bring the total amount of funds obligated under the agency’s Public Assistance program to $3.9 billion.
The grants approved are distributed as follows:
Nearly $14.4 million to the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority and Wisconsin Electric Power Company for emergency protective measures
By Kenton X. Chance
BRIDGETOWN, Oct 12 2018 (IPS) - If there is one lesson that Dominican Reginald Austrie has learnt from the devastation Hurricane Maria brought to his country last September, it is the need for “resilience, resilience, resilience”.
And it is not just because he is his country’s minister of agriculture.
When the category 5 hurricane made landfall in Dominica, Austrie, then the country’s minister of housing, was weeks away from harvest time at his two-acre farm where he had 800 plantain trees, in addition to yams.
With the next general election due within a year, the political climate in Dominica has shifted slightly and subtle campaign efforts can be observed from all political parties. Radio shows, community meetings and the like are more popular and some reconstruction efforts in specific communities have been attributed to political affiliation.
WASHINGTON, October 1, 2018— The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved today a US$31 million additional financing to an ongoing project from the International Development Association for building resilient infrastructure and strengthening the government’s capacity to manage disaster risks in the Eastern Caribbean island of Dominica, which was hit by Hurricane Maria just over a year ago.
Release Number: NR 284
GUAYNABO, Puerto Rico – FEMA has awarded nearly $56 million in grants to cover Hurricane María-related expenses. The funds cover costs for emergency protective measures and debris removal.
Emergency protective measures are actions taken to eliminate or lessen immediate threats either to lives, public health or safety, or significant additional damage to public or private property in a cost-effective manner.
The grants approved are allocated as follows:
UN Headquarters, New York, 26 September 2018
Let me offer five points of summary from the discussion.
Firstly, CERF is the first and aspires to continue to be the fastest. It was the first contributor to the Ebola response in the Democratic Republic of Congo in March/April this year. Just a few days after the massive influx of Rohingya to Cox’s Bazar from 25th August last year, CERF was one of the first to make an allocation. And CERF was one of the first to leverage funds for the hurricanes in the Caribbean last September.
Debarati Guha-Sapir, professor, Francesco Checchi, professor
Science must prevail
The Latin America and Caribbean region is increasingly impacted by natural disasters as well as population movements. In 2017, more than 15.6 million people - including 8 million children were affected by natural disasters. Hurricanes resulted in aggravating the humanitarian situation of more than 1.4 million people in Cuba, Haiti and the Eastern Caribbean islands. Mexico was severely hit by two major earthquakes in September 2017, while floods and landslides further exacerbated the needs of vulnerable children and their families in Colombia and Peru.