Hurricane Maria - Sep 2017
Hurricane MARIA continued moving west-northwest over the Caribbean Sea, strengthening. Its center passed south of St. Croix island (US Virgin islands) early in the morning of 20 September. It then continued moving towards Puerto Rico as a category 5 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 270 km/h. MARIA is forecast to make landfall along Puerto Rico, near Yabucoa city at around 12 UTC on 20 September....Official reports mentioned that, as of 20 September, at least two people were killed in Guadeloupe island, while hundreds of people have been evacuated and hundreds of houses destroyed in Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique islands. (ECHO, 20 Sep 2017)
At least 14 people have died in Dominica, with the number of fatalities expected to rise as large areas of the island remain inaccessible after category 5 Hurricane Maria decimated the island’s east coast, according to initial reports from the ground. At least 80 per cent of the island’s population has been affected and needs support with shelter and water, according to CDEMA. (OCHA, 21 Sep 2017)
As of 19 September, hundreds of people were evacuated in Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique. Mandatory evacuation orders were issued for more than 11,900 people in Puerto Rico (ECHO 19/09/2017). Maria made landfall in Dominica on September 19 and in Puerto Rico on 20 September. As of October 10, at least 96 people are confirmed to have been killed: 51 in Puerto Rico, 30 in Dominica, five in the Dominican Republic, four in the contiguous United States, three in Haiti, two in Guadeloupe, and one in the US Virgin Islands. 39,000 children are in need of assistance in countries affected by hurricanes Irma and Maria, more than a quarter of them are under five (UNICEF 18/10/2017) (ACAPS, 2 Nov 2017)
On 29 September, UN and partners launched a Flash Appeal for $31.1 million to support relief and early recovery efforts in Dominica till the end of 2017. The UN has allocated US$3 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to address the urgent needs of Dominica’s people. There is a steady flow of food into the country. More than 15.5 metric ton of food and 190,000 litres water has been delivered. Supermarkets are expected to open this week. Government expects to have access to all parts of the country later this week. Provision of potable water to the west coast to be prioritized following serious concerns over communicable diseases. (UN, 2 Oct 2017)
As of 14 November, in Anguilla, the British Virgin Islands (BVI) and Dominica, approximately 70 per cent of the population has access to restored water services, while power services coverage ranges from 70 per cent in Turk and Caicos Islands (TCI) to 10 percent in Dominica. There has also been a notable reduction in the number of displaced people living in official shelters in BVI and Dominica. In Dominica, this includes a 60 per cent decrease over the last few weeks.
The majority of children in Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, and Turk and Caicos Islands have now gone back to school, with all public schools reopening. However, in Dominica just around a third of national schools were open as of 10 November, and 87 per cent of children living in collective shelters still do not have access to any type of education, and are missing out on valuable months of their schooling, which could have implications on the quality of their education. (UNICEF, 14 Nov 2017)
For Dominica, The Post-Disaster Needs Assessment concluded that Hurricane Maria resulted in total damages of EC$2.51 billion (US$931 million) and losses of EC$1.03 billion (US$382 million), which amounts to 226 percent of 2016 gross domestic product (GDP). The identified recovery needs for reconstruction and resilience interventions, incorporating the principle of ‘building back better’ (BBB) where possible, amount to EC$3.69 billion (US$1.37 billion). (Gov't of Dominica, 15 Nov 2017)
The European Commission has provided €500,000 to [UNICEF] to support Dominica’s education sector in the wake of the devastation caused by Hurricane Maria last September...The EU-UNICEF project aims to fill this gap. The 11-month project will target 1,500 primary school children in the 20 most severely damaged schools. Each school will get a library and a range of teaching materials, including text books and workbooks. (ECHO/UNICEF, 18 Jan 2018)
At almost four months after Hurricane Maria hit Dominica, only around 10 per cent of people, mainly in the cities of Roseau and Portsmouth, have access to electricity. The Dominica Electricity Services reported that services are in process of being restored throughout the island. Diverse foodstuffs have reappeared on the markets, shops are reopening, most public schools have reopened, and 30 out of 43 damaged water systems have been provisionally repaired. The curfew was lifted in Roseau on 8 December. Nevertheless, Dominica remains seriously impacted. Over 80 percent of houses still have inadequate roofing, many children have not yet returned to school and a sizeable portion of the population is highly vulnerable due to the loss of their main source of livelihoods. To date, 8 collection centres are still open. (IFRC, 29 Jan 2018)
The humanitarian actors have mostly transitioned from relief activities to recovery, and coordination mechanisms are reflecting this shift. A growing number of ministries and stakeholders take part in sector coordination mechanisms, which is conducive to more comprehensive and complementary action plans. Finally, the Ministry of Planning has taken over multi-sector coordination from the Dominican government’s Emergency Operations Centre (EOC). (IFRC, 20 May 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands)
- British Virgin Islands
- Dominican Republic
- Guadeloupe (France)
- Martinique (France)
- Puerto Rico (The United States of America)
- Saint Barthélemy (France)
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Sint Maarten (The Netherlands)
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- United States Virgin Islands
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Quick Facts: Hurricane Maria's Effect on Puerto Rico
- With Lessons Learned from Maria, Direct Relief, Facebook Refine Crisis Response Tools in Puerto Rico
- After the Hurricane – an overview of the damage Irma and Maria left behind
- FEMA public assistance funding tops $3 billion for Puerto Rico
- Puerto Rico’s Nonprofit Health Centers, Community Organizations Receive $12.3 Million Philanthropic Boost
Facebook team joins Direct Relief in Puerto Rico to learn how technology shaped Hurricane Maria response.
By Bryn Blanks
Facebook is one of the first places people turn after an emergency to let their loved ones know they are safe and to gain insight into how communities were impacted.
Direct Relief witnessed these activities first-hand after Hurricane Maria. With limited energy and phone signal, individuals were connecting with loved ones and offering support.
En un documento oficial se estima un volumen de defunciones vinculables a los efectos del fenómeno meteorológico que multiplica por 22 la cifra que venía ofreciendo el gobierno
Parapetado casi un año tras una cifra inverosímil por baja, el Gobierno de Puerto Rico ha comenzado a reconocer públicamente el volumen real de muertes vinculables a los efectos del huracán María. Hasta la fecha el número oficial es 64, pero en un documento reciente se estima en más de 1.427.
GUAYNABO, Puerto Rico – FEMA has awarded more than $320 million in Public Assistance grants to Puerto Rico for Hurricane María-related costs on the island. This brings the total to more than $3 billion in Public Assistance funds that FEMA has obligated to the government of Puerto Rico and municipalities.
The following is a breakdown of the $320 million in recently obligated grants:
The Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) and the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID), have signed an agreement which will add GBP30 million (mn) to the United Kingdom Caribbean Infrastructure Partnership Fund (UKCIF). The agreement was signed on the sidelines of CDB’s Board of Directors meeting on July 26, 2018.
Grants from Direct Relief will support solar power and battery storage installations, mobile health units, and emergency communications technology
By Tony Morain
Direct Relief today announced a series of new financial commitments totaling $12.3 million to help Puerto Rico healthcare organizations address ongoing health needs following Hurricane Maria and to bolster their ability to weather future storms.
The federal government had planned to end a housing assistance program for people displaced by Hurricane Maria
By Nate Raymond
WORCESTER, Mass., Aug 1 (Reuters) - A federal judge on Wednesday extended until Aug. 31 an order preventing the eviction of hundreds of Puerto Rican families who fled the hurricane-ravaged island in 2017 and have been living in hotels and motels across the United States.
Read more on Thomson Reuters Foundation
GUAYNABO, Puerto Rico – FEMA awarded more than $93 million in additional Public Assistance grants for emergency protective measures, debris removal and management costs related to Hurricane María recovery on the island.
To date, the FEMA Public Assistance program has obligated nearly $2.7 billion in total funding to the Government of Puerto Rico and municipalities.
GUAYNABO, Puerto Rico – Building back smarter and more resilient is at the core of Puerto Rico’s recovery from the devastation of hurricanes Irma and Maria, and finding creative solutions to achieve that goal was the focus of a recent transportation summit.
Release Date: July 27, 2018
Release Number: 235
GUAYNABO, Puerto Rico – FEMA awarded more than $34 million in additional Public Assistance grants for emergency protective measures, debris removal and management costs related to Hurricane María recovery on the island.
To date, the FEMA Public Assistance program has obligated $2.6 billion in total funding to the Government of Puerto Rico and municipalities.
The British Virgin Islands sustained widespread damage as a result of hurricanes Irma and Maria in 2017. The Adina Donovan Home for the Elderly and the Virgin Gorda Elderly Home—buildings that house the most vulnerable seniors and older persons in their communities—were badly damaged by the storms. With financial help from the UK Department for International Development (DFID), the Pan American Health Organization undertook restoration works which have now been completed.
Release Number: 231
GUAYNABO, Puerto Rico – Nearly $210 million has now been approved in Community Disaster Loans for 51 Puerto Rico municipalities. The loans allow local communities to continue providing essential services as they recover from hurricanes Irma and Maria.
In June and July, 31 additional municipalities were approved for loans.
The municipalities approved for $5 million each are: Barceloneta, Cataño, Cayey, Cidra, Dorado, Fajardo, Guaynabo, Isabela, Juana Díaz, San Germán, San Juan and Toa Alta.
In October 2017, Governor of the US Virgin Islands Kenneth Mapp called for the Hurricane Recovery and Resiliency Task Force to develop a comprehensive report on the 2017 hurricanes’ impact, as well as produce recommendations for effective recovery and resilience. Specifically, the report was to answer three questions for each of several sectors:
What happened during the hurricanes and why?
How will climate change affect the sector in the future?
What will the Territory do?
In Latin America and the Caribbean, the paradigm shift from traditional humanitarian response by international actors to nationally led disaster risk management has already taken place, in general terms. Within this, national institutions are looking for more efficient and effective ways to meet the needs of their people, especially those affected by more frequent and severe natural disasters due to climate change.
Recovery operations continue in Dominica, Antigua and Barbuda, and other hurricane-affected countries in the Caribbean, after the September 2017 passage of Hurricanes Irma and Maria
USAID/OFDA partner Samaritan’s Purse (SP) supports economic recovery in Dominica
Tropical Storm Beryl crosses Dominica on July 8–9, causing minimal damage
July 16, 2018
GUAYNABO, Puerto Rico – FEMA awarded more than $140 million in Public Assistance grants for Hurricane María recovery in Puerto Rico.
To date, the FEMA Public Assistance program has obligated $2.6 billion in total funding to the Government of Puerto Rico and municipalities for debris removal and emergency protective measures.
The year 2017 was poignantly marked by numerous humanitarian dramas around the world. From devastating natural disasters to deadly conflicts, Télécoms Sans Frontières has remained mobilised and adapted its response to the specific needs of the affected populations, introducing new and innovative means of providing communications aid.