Hurricane Irma - Sep 2017
As of 1 September, [NOAA]’s National Hurricane Centre (NHC), stated that Hurricane Irma’s centre was located near latitude 18.8 north, longitude 39.1 west at 5 PM Atlantic Standard Time (AST) (2100 [UTC]). Irma was moving toward the west at around 13 mph (20 km/h). A turn toward the west-south-west was expected by 2 September 2017. Irma is a category 3 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, as maximum sustained winds are near 120 mph (195 km/h), with higher gusts; while fluctuations in strength (up or down) are possible over the next few days, Irma is expected to remain a powerful hurricane through the weekend. (IFRC, 1 Sep 2017)
Irma made landfall on northeast Caribbean islands during the early hours of 6 September, affecting Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, St Barthélemy, St. Martin, the Virgin Islands and other islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Thousands of people have been evacuated from at-risk areas. Irma is predicted to hit Puerto Rico in the night, before continuing to the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Turks and Caicos and southeastern Bahamas. There is continued risk of catastrophic damage from hurricane force winds, storm surge, and flooding in areas on Irma’s trajectory. Hurricane Irma is being slowly trailed by Hurricane Jose, which is moving very slowly in the Atlantic Ocean and is anticipated to affect the northern Leeward Islands. 49 million people directly in Irma’s projected path. (OCHA, 6 Sep 2017)
As of 13 September, OCHA reported that Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, St Martin/St Maarten, the British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos are the most affected islands and that critical needs in supplies and support were being addressed around the clock. In the Dominican Republic and Haiti, local authorities are managing response and restoration to normal activities in the affected areas with local resources. Cuba withstood damage to 13 of its 15 provinces, reporting 10 deaths and damage to agriculture, water supply, and telecommunications. Humanitarian partners continue to work and coordination with regional organizations and local governments throughout the affected countries as needs assessments continue to reveal the range and depth of the needs caused by Irma. (OCHA, 13 Sep 2017)
As of 2 October, the Office of UN Resident Coordinator in Cuba reported that there were 158,554 houses damaged, 980 health institutions affected, 95,000 hectares of agricultural land damaged and more than 500 kilometers of roads damaged. The most affected provinces were Camagüey, Ciego de Avila, Sancti Spíritus, and Villa Clara. Other territories, such as Guantánamo, Holguín, Las Tunas, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Mayabeque, and Havana, were also damaged by the hurricane. (UN ORC in Cuba, 2 Oct 2017)
As of 2 November, in the territories affected by Hurricane Irma, attention is being paid to the affected population with priority being placed on households with young children, pregnant women, persons with disabilities and the elderly, and those whose houses were completely destroyed. Along with the recovery of the housing, health and education sectors, and the production of food, actions are being taken to repair damaged hotel facilities at Santa María, Coco, and Guillermo keys, in the wake of the tourist high season that began on November 1st. (UN ORC in Cuba, 2 Nov 2017)
As of 30 November, WFP continues to provide assistance to the populations affected by Hurricane Irma in Central Cuba (Camagüey, Ciego de Ávila, Matanzas, Sancti Spíritus and Villa Clara provinces). To date, WFP assisted 637,000 people with rice and beans, thanks to the foods stocks already prepositioned in the country for a potential disaster response. The distribution of vegetable oil is underway. WFP also suppors national and local authorities with mobile storage units to strengthen food protection capacities. (WFP, 30 Nov 2017)
Three months after the destructive hurricane Irma, the traces left on the northern coast of Cuba are still being felt in the affected provinces, where the basic conditions and livelihood of millions of people were affected. (UN ORC in Cuba, 15 Dec 2017)
As of 12 December, only 10% of the population (about 200 residents) of Barbuda has returned, with the remainder of the affected population in emergency shelters or host communities in Antigua. The Government of Antigua & Barbuda have announced that the remaining emergency shelters will be closed in mid-December and that schooling on Barbuda will resume in January. These efforts are to encourage displace residents to return to Barbuda and begin the recovery process. (IFRC, 12 Dec 2017)
As of 17 January 2018, Barbuda, which was evacuated following the devastation left in the path of Hurricane Irma, remains largely uninhabited despite efforts of the Antigua and Barbuda Government to encourage the return of the 1,600 residents of the island. Fewer than 100 people, including an unconfirmed number of children, have resettled on the island resulting in Government opening more long-term shelter facilities in Antigua. (IFRC, 17 Jan 2018)
In Anguilla, by January 2018, 78 per cent of the population has restored access to water, all school- aged children are back in school but nearly 40 per cent of the population remains without electricity services. (UNICEF, 2 Mar 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands)
- British Virgin Islands
- Dominican Republic
- Guadeloupe (France)
- Martinique (France)
- Puerto Rico (The United States of America)
- Saint Barthélemy (France)
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Martin (France)
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Sint Maarten (The Netherlands)
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- United States Virgin Islands
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Caribbean 2017 Hurricane Season: an evidence-based assessment of the Early Warning System
- Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Kitts and Nevis: Hurricane Irma (MDR49009): 12-Month Operations Update
- After the Hurricane – an overview of the damage Irma and Maria left behind
- Cuba: Hurricane Irma - Emergency Appeal n° MDRCU004 12-month operations update
- United Nations Emergency Response Fund (CERF) Annual Report 2017
SITUATION OF ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
Release Number: 147
ST. CROIX, U.S. Virgin Islands – One year after two back-to-back Category 5 hurricanes devastated the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI), progress is being made in the territory’s recovery. Homes are being repaired, schools are back in session, roads are free of debris, ports are open and composite utility poles are standing tall.
Release Number: 145
ST. CROIX, Virgin Islands – As the Virgin Islands makes strides recovering from hurricanes Irma and Maria, the united effort of government, private sector, nongovernmental agencies and humanitarian groups to meet survivors’ needs remains strong. Recovery after a disaster requires all levels of government, nonprofit organizations, private-sector businesses, and even survivors — each drawing upon their skills and capabilities to meet the needs of disaster survivors.
APERÇU DE LA SITUATION
Bien que la situation humanitaire en Haïti se soit améliorée après de multiples crises ces dernières années, les besoins humanitaires persistent. L’insécurité alimentaire, l’épidémie de choléra, la protection et l’intégration des personnes déplacées et retournées, les besoins non satisfaits des personnes affectées par les désastres naturels et la préparation aux désastres demeurent les problématiques humanitaires majeures du pays.
In October 2017, Governor of the US Virgin Islands Kenneth Mapp called for the Hurricane Recovery and Resiliency Task Force to develop a comprehensive report on the 2017 hurricanes’ impact, as well as produce recommendations for effective recovery and resilience. Specifically, the report was to answer three questions for each of several sectors:
What happened during the hurricanes and why?
How will climate change affect the sector in the future?
What will the Territory do?
A. Situation Analysis
A.1 Description of the Disaster
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 3,372,790 Swiss francs, reflecting a budget increase from CHF 2,635,276 Swiss francs in the revised Emergency Appeal from 6 October 2017.
Release Number: 160
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico – As Puerto Rico explores how to rebuild after back-to-back Category 4 hurricanes, the people who will collaborate on those solutions were asked to envision innovative construction methods that will have a real and lasting impact.
"True innovation can change and transform the course of Puerto Rico," said Glorimar Ripoll, chief innovation officer for the government of Puerto Rico. "We are not just rebuilding bridges, buildings, roads and houses. We’re also, and most importantly, rebuilding a society."
Washington, D.C. — La Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH) manifiesta su preocupación por la situación de derechos humanos que continúa afectando a las y los habitantes de Puerto Rico tras la devastación ocasionada por el impacto de dos huracanes en septiembre de 2017, generando carencias y escasez de servicios básicos y por lo tanto barreras para el ejercicio de los derechos civiles, políticos, económicos, sociales, culturales y ambientales. La CIDH urge a Estados Unidos a adoptar medidas para responder a los problemas de derechos humanos identificados.
Situation in Numbers
# affected children in need of assistance in Hurricane Irma- and Maria-affected countries
# affected children in Dominica
# children in temporary shelters in Antigua, British Virgin Islands, Dominica
Release Number: NR-047
ST. CROIX, Virgin Islands – They’ve come from as far away as Washington and California to help Virgin Island survivors of Hurricanes Irma and Maria. Young women and men from AmeriCorps are taking on some of the toughest jobs in hurricane recovery – mucking out sodden homes, cleaning up debris and working on rooftops to make emergency repairs.
JÚCARO, Ciego de Ávila.–Bajo la premisa del gobierno cubano de que nadie quedará desamparado, tan pronto como llegó a la provincia, procedente de países amigos y organizaciones internacionales, comenzó la distribución gratuita de alimentos y artículos de primera necesidad en este poblado del sur avileño, muy afectado por el huracán Irma.
On September 6th, 2017, Hurricane Irma, a category 5 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 295 km/hour, became one of the most powerful hurricanes ever recorded in the Atlantic. This highly destructive hurricane approached the eastern coast of Cuba (in Guantánamo) on Thursday, September 7th. Hurricane Irma battered the entire north coast for 4 days. At 8:00 p.m. on Monday, September 11th, the hurricane finally left Cuban territory leaving a huge amount of devastation in its wake.
SYNOPSIS OF HURRICANE MARIA
Maria, the 13th named storm of the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season, became a category 5 hurricane near the Leeward Islands on Monday September 18th, 2017. Hurricane Maria impacted Dominica at approximately 9:35pm on September 18th as an extremely strong hurricane with wind speeds of 155 mph. Maria then impacted Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat and St. Kitts and Nevis on September 19th, 2017 and the Virgin Islands September 19 – 20, 2017.
Protección a grupos vulnerables
Contribuir a que las personas afectadas por la epidemia de VIH, incluyendo grupos claves (HSH y personas Trans) y sus familias, continúen recibiendo programas de prevención combinado, incluido tratamiento y protección a las personas viviendo con VIH.
Fortalecer la dieta, y proveer un avituallamiento básico a las personas que viven con VIH/sida y sus dependientes, para contribuir a una salud adecuada durante la recuperación post huracán.
L’alerte rouge est toujours maintenue sur tout le territoire national en raison du passage de l’Ouragan Irma selon les prévisions des côtes d’Haïti
L’effondrement de l’ancien pont frontalier Ouanaminthe- Dajabon
Une personne portée disparue au niveau de la rivière Cercane, département du Centre
Deux personnes blessées à Dondon suite à une chute d’arbre, et une troisième au CapHaïtien dans l’effondrement d’une maison à Sainte-Philomène, dans le département du Nord
After devastating several Caribbean islands, Hurricane Irma is moving toward Haiti’s northern coastline. People living in this disaster-prone country with frail infrastructure and ill-equipped emergency services are preparing for the worst. Our teams have been helping isolated and vulnerable individuals protect themselves in natural disasters like Irma.