Hurricane Irma - Sep 2017
As of 1 September, [NOAA]’s National Hurricane Centre (NHC), stated that Hurricane Irma’s centre was located near latitude 18.8 north, longitude 39.1 west at 5 PM Atlantic Standard Time (AST) (2100 [UTC]). Irma was moving toward the west at around 13 mph (20 km/h). A turn toward the west-south-west was expected by 2 September 2017. Irma is a category 3 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, as maximum sustained winds are near 120 mph (195 km/h), with higher gusts; while fluctuations in strength (up or down) are possible over the next few days, Irma is expected to remain a powerful hurricane through the weekend. (IFRC, 1 Sep 2017)
Irma made landfall on northeast Caribbean islands during the early hours of 6 September, affecting Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, St Barthélemy, St. Martin, the Virgin Islands and other islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Thousands of people have been evacuated from at-risk areas. Irma is predicted to hit Puerto Rico in the night, before continuing to the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Turks and Caicos and southeastern Bahamas. There is continued risk of catastrophic damage from hurricane force winds, storm surge, and flooding in areas on Irma’s trajectory. Hurricane Irma is being slowly trailed by Hurricane Jose, which is moving very slowly in the Atlantic Ocean and is anticipated to affect the northern Leeward Islands. 49 million people directly in Irma’s projected path. (OCHA, 6 Sep 2017)
As of 13 September, OCHA reported that Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, St Martin/St Maarten, the British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos are the most affected islands and that critical needs in supplies and support were being addressed around the clock. In the Dominican Republic and Haiti, local authorities are managing response and restoration to normal activities in the affected areas with local resources. Cuba withstood damage to 13 of its 15 provinces, reporting 10 deaths and damage to agriculture, water supply, and telecommunications. Humanitarian partners continue to work and coordination with regional organizations and local governments throughout the affected countries as needs assessments continue to reveal the range and depth of the needs caused by Irma. (OCHA, 13 Sep 2017)
As of 2 October, the Office of UN Resident Coordinator in Cuba reported that there were 158,554 houses damaged, 980 health institutions affected, 95,000 hectares of agricultural land damaged and more than 500 kilometers of roads damaged. The most affected provinces were Camagüey, Ciego de Avila, Sancti Spíritus, and Villa Clara. Other territories, such as Guantánamo, Holguín, Las Tunas, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Mayabeque, and Havana, were also damaged by the hurricane. (UN ORC in Cuba, 2 Oct 2017)
As of 2 November, in the territories affected by Hurricane Irma, attention is being paid to the affected population with priority being placed on households with young children, pregnant women, persons with disabilities and the elderly, and those whose houses were completely destroyed. Along with the recovery of the housing, health and education sectors, and the production of food, actions are being taken to repair damaged hotel facilities at Santa María, Coco, and Guillermo keys, in the wake of the tourist high season that began on November 1st. (UN ORC in Cuba, 2 Nov 2017)
As of 30 November, WFP continues to provide assistance to the populations affected by Hurricane Irma in Central Cuba (Camagüey, Ciego de Ávila, Matanzas, Sancti Spíritus and Villa Clara provinces). To date, WFP assisted 637,000 people with rice and beans, thanks to the foods stocks already prepositioned in the country for a potential disaster response. The distribution of vegetable oil is underway. WFP also suppors national and local authorities with mobile storage units to strengthen food protection capacities. (WFP, 30 Nov 2017)
Three months after the destructive hurricane Irma, the traces left on the northern coast of Cuba are still being felt in the affected provinces, where the basic conditions and livelihood of millions of people were affected. (UN ORC in Cuba, 15 Dec 2017)
As of 12 December, only 10% of the population (about 200 residents) of Barbuda has returned, with the remainder of the affected population in emergency shelters or host communities in Antigua. The Government of Antigua & Barbuda have announced that the remaining emergency shelters will be closed in mid-December and that schooling on Barbuda will resume in January. These efforts are to encourage displace residents to return to Barbuda and begin the recovery process. (IFRC, 12 Dec 2017)
As of 17 January 2018, Barbuda, which was evacuated following the devastation left in the path of Hurricane Irma, remains largely uninhabited despite efforts of the Antigua and Barbuda Government to encourage the return of the 1,600 residents of the island. Fewer than 100 people, including an unconfirmed number of children, have resettled on the island resulting in Government opening more long-term shelter facilities in Antigua. (IFRC, 17 Jan 2018)
In Anguilla, by January 2018, 78 per cent of the population has restored access to water, all school- aged children are back in school but nearly 40 per cent of the population remains without electricity services. (UNICEF, 2 Mar 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands)
- British Virgin Islands
- Dominican Republic
- Guadeloupe (France)
- Martinique (France)
- Puerto Rico (The United States of America)
- Saint Barthélemy (France)
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Martin (France)
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Sint Maarten (The Netherlands)
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- United States Virgin Islands
Maps & Infographics
BY: CHRIS MORRILL
“I don’t believe in charity. I believe in solidarity. Charity is so vertical. It goes from the top to the bottom. Solidarity is horizontal. It respects the other person. I have a lot to learn from other people.” — Eduardo Galeano, author of Open Veins of Latin America
It has been six months since the end of last year’s hurricane season, and the Caribbean is still picking up the pieces.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In early September 2017, Hurricane Irma hit the Caribbean islands of Anguilla, Barbuda, British and United States Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Saint Martin/Sint Maarten. Irma, classified as a category 5 hurricane was the most powerful hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic, with wind speeds of more than 185 miles per hour (298 km/hour) and torrential rainfall. Irma struck Barbuda in the early morning hours of 6 September 2017.
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 3,372,790 Swiss francs, reflecting a budget increase from CHF 2,635,276 Swiss francs in the revised Emergency Appeal from 6 October 2017.
Authored by: Llonella Gilbert
NASSAU, The Bahamas -- Acting Prime Minister the Hon. K. Peter Turnquest said there are encouraging signs that the farming and fishing industries are on the comeback after passage of Hurricanes Joaquin, Matthew, Irma and Maria across the southern and northern islands of The Bahamas left extensive damage to the farmland and marine resources of those communities.
Highest ever financing for the country to help build back a better and climate resilient country
WASHINGTON, April 13, 2018— The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved today two emergency support operations totaling US$65 million for restoring agriculture livelihoods, strengthening resilience, and rebuilding houses destroyed by Hurricane Maria.
La sécurité alimentaire, fragile après Irma, s’améliorera grâce à la campagne de printemps
• Les moyens d’existence dans le Nord peinent à se récupérer, en raison des effets résiduels d'Irma. Ainsi, une bonne partie de la zone HT02 (particulierement le Nord-Est) est en Crise (phase 3 de l’IPC), les autres régions, y compris la Grand-Anse et la Côte Sud sont en stress ou en minimale (Phase 1 et 2 de l’IPC).
COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
FAO assesses that globally 37 countries are in need of external assistance for food.
Conflicts continue to be the main factor driving the high levels of severe food insecurity.
Weather shocks have also adversely impacted food availability and access, notably in East Africa.
Media Release: Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism
Saturday, February 24, 2018 — BELIZE CITY, BELIZE - We know from the devastation wrought in the Caribbean last September by Hurricanes Irma and Maria, just how important it is for the region to step up its game in tackling climate change and the risks posed by natural disasters.
No es muy atractiva la apariencia de los mercados agropecuarios estatales por estos días. Ese rostro alerta de que es el hombre el que tiene que jugarle cabeza al tiempo. La zafra papera, que se inicia por Mayabeque, podría al menos calmar algunas ansias, porque se espera obtener más de 137 000 toneladas
461 000 people
USD 22 million
January – December 2018
Haiti remains affected by a convergence of humanitarian crises exacerbated by the impact of Hurricane Matthew (2016) and to a lesser extent Hurricanes Irma and Maria (2017), which have severely disrupted food production, impacting overall food security.
FAO is working with partners in the Food Security Cluster to:
With conflict and climate-related shocks sending global hunger numbers marching back up after declining for decades, FAO is asking for $1.06 billion to save lives and livelihoods and address acute hunger in 26 countries.
Les perturbations des moyens d’existence dans le Nord après Irma portent une partie des zones HT02 (Nord/Nord-Est) en Crise (phase 3 de l’IPC), les autres régions, y compris la Grand-Anse et la Côte Sud qui devaient se trouver en Crise entre février et mai 2018 seront désormais en stress ou en minimale (Phase 1 et 2 de l’IPC).
• WFP continues to provide food and technical assistance to the populations affected by Hurricane Irma in Central Cuba.
• WFP facilitated two high-level field visits by the European Union and the Director of the Sustainable Development Goal Fund.
• WFP continues to strengthen the capacities of local and national institutions, farmers and cooperatives to enhance social protection programmes.
• WFP promotes the reduction of gender stereotypes and women’s empowerment among the supported cooperatives.
Los resultados del trabajo de recuperación, luego del huracán Irma y de las posteriores lluvias que dañaron plantaciones de diferentes cultivos e interrumpieron los ciclos de crecimiento de otros, comienzan a apreciarse, de manera escalonada, en diversas formas y polos productivos
Depuis le tremblement de terre dévastateur de 2010 en Haïti, cette île des Caraïbes n'a pas été épargné par des évènements climatiques extrêmes tels que Sandy, Matthew, ou encore Maria. Sa situation géographique, entre la mer des Caraïbes et l'océan Atlantique la rend vulnérable à ces aléas climatiques et qui, selon les experts, devraient devenir de plus en plus fréquents dans les années à venir.
Recuperan importante polo productivo del territorio que sufrió cuantiosas afectaciones por el paso del huracán Irma
Los embates del más reciente huracán sobre las tierras de la Empresa Agropecuaria Horquita, en el municipio de Abreus, dañaron unas 300 hectáreas (ha) del cultivo de plátano y 350 de maíz, entre otras afectaciones. Hoy se han restablecido las áreas del primero, según declaran los especialistas, quienes agregaron que en unos dos meses deben estabilizarse las producciones de esta vianda.
Faible disponibilité alimentaire locale dans le Nord-Est en raison des fortes pluies ayant affecté la production
Les diminutions de récoltes et les perturbations des moyens d’existence dues au passage de l’ouragan Irma et aux récentes averses maintiennent une bonne partie de la zone HT02 (Nord et Nord-Est) en phase 3, les autres régions étant en stress ou en situation minimale jusqu’en mai 2018, avec des zones spécifiques de la côte Sud en phase de crise durant la période de soudure.
La campagne agricole de printemps de 2017 a été caractérisée par des précipitations mal réparties et en quantité insuffisante. Il s’agit donc de la quatrième campagne consécutive depuis 2014 qui s’écarte significativement de la tendance des précipitations à long terme.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Below average cereal production estimated in 2017
Cereal imports anticipated to decline in 2017 marketing year
Hurricane Irma impacts food security in eastern provinces of Cuba
Cereal production in 2017 virtually unchanged from a year earlier
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Three quarters of the population lives on less than $2 per day, making Haiti extremely vulnerable to price spikes in the global food market as well as natural disasters.
Haiti remains susceptible to environmental shocks, such as Hurricane Matthew in October 2016 and Hurricanes Irma and Maria in 2017, whose impacts continue to drive food insecurity across the country.