Hurricane Irma - Sep 2017
As of 1 September, [NOAA]’s National Hurricane Centre (NHC), stated that Hurricane Irma’s centre was located near latitude 18.8 north, longitude 39.1 west at 5 PM Atlantic Standard Time (AST) (2100 [UTC]). Irma was moving toward the west at around 13 mph (20 km/h). A turn toward the west-south-west was expected by 2 September 2017. Irma is a category 3 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, as maximum sustained winds are near 120 mph (195 km/h), with higher gusts; while fluctuations in strength (up or down) are possible over the next few days, Irma is expected to remain a powerful hurricane through the weekend. (IFRC, 1 Sep 2017)
Irma made landfall on northeast Caribbean islands during the early hours of 6 September, affecting Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, St Barthélemy, St. Martin, the Virgin Islands and other islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Thousands of people have been evacuated from at-risk areas. Irma is predicted to hit Puerto Rico in the night, before continuing to the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Turks and Caicos and southeastern Bahamas. There is continued risk of catastrophic damage from hurricane force winds, storm surge, and flooding in areas on Irma’s trajectory. Hurricane Irma is being slowly trailed by Hurricane Jose, which is moving very slowly in the Atlantic Ocean and is anticipated to affect the northern Leeward Islands. 49 million people directly in Irma’s projected path. (OCHA, 6 Sep 2017)
As of 13 September, OCHA reported that Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, St Martin/St Maarten, the British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos are the most affected islands and that critical needs in supplies and support were being addressed around the clock. In the Dominican Republic and Haiti, local authorities are managing response and restoration to normal activities in the affected areas with local resources. Cuba withstood damage to 13 of its 15 provinces, reporting 10 deaths and damage to agriculture, water supply, and telecommunications. Humanitarian partners continue to work and coordination with regional organizations and local governments throughout the affected countries as needs assessments continue to reveal the range and depth of the needs caused by Irma. (OCHA, 13 Sep 2017)
As of 2 October, the Office of UN Resident Coordinator in Cuba reported that there were 158,554 houses damaged, 980 health institutions affected, 95,000 hectares of agricultural land damaged and more than 500 kilometers of roads damaged. The most affected provinces were Camagüey, Ciego de Avila, Sancti Spíritus, and Villa Clara. Other territories, such as Guantánamo, Holguín, Las Tunas, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Mayabeque, and Havana, were also damaged by the hurricane. (UN ORC in Cuba, 2 Oct 2017)
As of 2 November, in the territories affected by Hurricane Irma, attention is being paid to the affected population with priority being placed on households with young children, pregnant women, persons with disabilities and the elderly, and those whose houses were completely destroyed. Along with the recovery of the housing, health and education sectors, and the production of food, actions are being taken to repair damaged hotel facilities at Santa María, Coco, and Guillermo keys, in the wake of the tourist high season that began on November 1st. (UN ORC in Cuba, 2 Nov 2017)
As of 30 November, WFP continues to provide assistance to the populations affected by Hurricane Irma in Central Cuba (Camagüey, Ciego de Ávila, Matanzas, Sancti Spíritus and Villa Clara provinces). To date, WFP assisted 637,000 people with rice and beans, thanks to the foods stocks already prepositioned in the country for a potential disaster response. The distribution of vegetable oil is underway. WFP also suppors national and local authorities with mobile storage units to strengthen food protection capacities. (WFP, 30 Nov 2017)
Three months after the destructive hurricane Irma, the traces left on the northern coast of Cuba are still being felt in the affected provinces, where the basic conditions and livelihood of millions of people were affected. (UN ORC in Cuba, 15 Dec 2017)
As of 12 December, only 10% of the population (about 200 residents) of Barbuda has returned, with the remainder of the affected population in emergency shelters or host communities in Antigua. The Government of Antigua & Barbuda have announced that the remaining emergency shelters will be closed in mid-December and that schooling on Barbuda will resume in January. These efforts are to encourage displace residents to return to Barbuda and begin the recovery process. (IFRC, 12 Dec 2017)
As of 17 January 2018, Barbuda, which was evacuated following the devastation left in the path of Hurricane Irma, remains largely uninhabited despite efforts of the Antigua and Barbuda Government to encourage the return of the 1,600 residents of the island. Fewer than 100 people, including an unconfirmed number of children, have resettled on the island resulting in Government opening more long-term shelter facilities in Antigua. (IFRC, 17 Jan 2018)
In Anguilla, by January 2018, 78 per cent of the population has restored access to water, all school- aged children are back in school but nearly 40 per cent of the population remains without electricity services. (UNICEF, 2 Mar 2018)
Appeals & Response Plans
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands)
- British Virgin Islands
- Dominican Republic
- Guadeloupe (France)
- Martinique (France)
- Puerto Rico (The United States of America)
- Saint Barthélemy (France)
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Martin (France)
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Sint Maarten (The Netherlands)
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- United States Virgin Islands
Maps & Infographics
In 2017, EM-DAT data indicates that 318 natural disasters occurred, affecting 122 countries. The impact of which resulted in 9,503 deaths, 96 million people affected, and US$314 billion in economic damages.
The human impact of natural disasters in 2017 was much lower than the last 10 year average, where events with extremely high mortality occurred, such as the 2010 earthquake in Haiti (225,570 deaths) and the 2008 Nargis Cyclone in Myanmar (138,400 deaths).
UN agencies, NGOs, and government employees sharing the same workspace helped collaboration and information sharing.
Sector-specific and cross-sector coordination meetings allowed agencies and government actors to share information that reduced delays and increased collaboration between actors.
The lack of reliable baseline data greatly hampered efforts and delayed carrying out assessments and distributions properly during the response.
Quatre mois après le passage de l'ouragan Irma à Saint-Martin, la population de l'île se retrousse les manches pour reconstruire. Mais dans certains quartiers, les habitants sont encore à la rue et manquent de tout. Le Secours Catholique - Caritas France, grâce aux bénévoles qui vont à leur rencontre sur le terrain, les accompagne, sur les plans psychologique et matériel, et dans la durée.
Il y a trois mois, l'ouragan Irma dévastait l'île de Saint-Martin, dans les Antilles. Après l'urgence, au bout de quelques semaines, la mobilisation humanitaire s'est peu à peu tarie et la vie a repris son cours pour les personnes et familles sinistrées. C'est à ce moment-là que le Secours Catholique intervient pour proposer à ces dernières un accompagnement psychologique et matériel dans la durée.
Auxiliaires de leurs pouvoirs publics, les deux Croix-Rouge ont été fortement mobilisées sur leurs territoires respectifs pour répondre aux besoins des populations restées sur place à Saint-Martin et Sint Maartin. Dans ce contexte où 95% des bâtiments de l’île ont été détruits, il est apparu primordial de renforcer les liens entre ces deux sociétés nationales. C’est ainsi que la Croix-Rouge néerlandaise a effectué un don à son homologue française d’un nombre conséquent de biens de première nécessité.
The Pan American Health Organization commissioned a study of the wind speeds in several Caribbean islands during the passages of Irma and Maria; the wind maps developed provide estimates on various islands. These were developed using a combination of the hurricane track data provided by the National Hurricane Centre (central pressure and position) coupled with estimates of the radius to maximum winds (RMW) and the Holland B parameter. Wind speeds are presented as estimates of maximum 3-second peak gust wind speeds over land.
In the aftermath of hurricanes Irma and Maria, which wreaked havoc across the Caribbean in September 2017, the European Commission has mobilised an additional €3.3 million to support preparedness initiatives that will help countries in the region to avert future crises.
La réflexion menée sur le renforcement des capacités de la Croix-Rouge française et sur la mise en place d’un dispositif de réduction des risques récurrents de catastrophes concerne toute la zone des Antilles. En effet, celle-ci est exposée aux ouragans, séismes, inondations, et est d’autant plus vulnérable qu’elle est composée de nombreuses petites îles isolées.
Après une phase d’urgence et d’accompagnement de la population qui aura duré huit semaines, il s’agit désormais de se projeter vers la reconstruction de Saint-Martin, fortement impacté par l’ouragan Irma.
Plus de 2 milliards de dollars américains en contribution au relèvement annoncés lors de la Conférence ONU-CARICOM
Over US$2 billion pledged, half of which in loans and debt relief, to support affected women and men for long-term recovery in hurricane-affected Caribbean during CARICOM-UN Conference.
• Early recovery operations continue in Dominica and other hurricane-affected countries in the Caribbean
• USAID/FFP contributes $2,000,000 to provide emergency food assistance and cash transfers for food to affected communities across Dominica
• USAID/OFDA partner IFRC supports economic recovery in Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica
The Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) has not been activated in response to Hurricanes Irma and Maria in the Caribbean region. World Food Programme (WFP), in its capacity as global ETC lead, is supporting the response activities coordinated by the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA).
Près de deux mois après le passage de l’ouragan Irma, chacun conserve à l’esprit les images d’un drame meurtrier : des maisons balayées, des populations privées d’eau potable et d’électricité, des écoles détruites, des centres de soins submergés. Oui, dans la nuit du 5 au 6 septembre dernier, les Caraïbes et singulièrement Saint-Martin et Saint Barthélémy, étaient confrontées à l’une des épreuves les plus terribles de leur histoire.
Quelques jours après le passage de l’ouragan Irma, les Caraïbes ont été frappées de plein fouet par une nouvelle tempête. La CRS dépêche d’autres secouristes dans la région. Sur l’île de la Dominique, où les dégâts causés par Maria sont très importants, ils intégreront une équipe internationale en charge de la coordination de l’aide d’urgence.
Relief stakeholders launch post-disaster needs assessment, in coordination with the GoCD
USAID/OFDA partner Samaritan’s Purse continues to provide WASH support to affected communities across Dominica
USAID/OFDA contributes additional $3.6 million in funding for the hurricane response in Dominica
Après sept semaines d’actions d’urgence qui ont nécessité la mobilisation de plus de 350 équipiers de la Croix-Rouge française, l’heure est venue de penser reconstruction et renforcement des territoires dévastés par l’ouragan Irma aux Antilles. Le point à Saint Martin.
AMOUNT: EUR 16 800 000