Tropical Cyclone Mora - May 2017
Severe Cyclonic Storm Mora made landfall in Bangladesh on 30 May 2017. The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)-Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) estimates that 10,074,699 people were living in regions that were exposed to wind speeds of 120 km/h or more, and that some districts near Cox’s Bazaar and Chittagong were hit with gusts that topped 130 km/h.
There were at least six lives lost, as well as 136 people injured, according to the National Health Crisis Management Centre and Control Room of the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS). Government sources have estimated that approximately 52,000 houses were damaged or destroyed, leaving 260,000 people in possible need of shelter. In particular, Cox’s Bazaar district was heavily hit, with approximately 17,000 residences damaged. Housing for undocumented Myanmar nationals near Cox’s Bazaar was severely damaged. Rohingya refugees are currently without reliable shelter, food, and fuel. (UN RC, 31 May 2017)
An estimated 3.3 million people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone MORA, which made landfall in Chittagong Division on 30 May...As of 3 June, 540,000 people are estimated to require humanitarian assistance. The most severely affected area has been Cox’s Bazar, where more than 300,000 Rohingya refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals are residing. Six Rohingya settlements in the area have reportedly been severely affected, with up to 70 per cent of shelters as well as latrines, clinics and other infrastructure damaged. Agencies working in Cox’s Bazar and other affected areas, are providing assistance in support of the Government response. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2017)
The storm damaged all UNICEF-supported Child Friendly Spaces in Cox's Bazar. These facilities had been supporting 13,437 children in makeshift settlements and host communities. According to UNICEF, children are at risk of exploitation, abuse and violation, as they are taking shelter with people who are not their immediate family members. Caregivers are busy collecting relief and restoring livelihoods; as a result, children are often left unattended for long periods. This could increase their vulnerability and exposure to risks. (UNICEF, 20 Jun 2017)
According to data made available by the Government of Bangladesh, some 52,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed, leaving more than 200,000 people displaced. The worst-hit area is Cox’s Bazar district. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2017)
In Myanmar, TC Mora affected the state of Rakhine, particularly Northern Rakhine. The estimate for total number of people affected by the cyclone in Myanmar is not yet available. However, initial results from Myanmar Red Cross Society rapid assessments, conducted 30 and 31 May, indicated that the storm impacted 12 of 17 townships in Rakhine State. The initial figures showed that 3,517 houses were partially damaged while 967 houses were completely damaged in Maungdaw township. 823 houses were damaged in Sittwe, Minbya and Rathedaung townships. A significant number of longhouses and other infrastructure, including latrines and temporary learning spaces, have been destroyed or severely damaged in existing IDP camps in Sittwe and Pauktaw townships. The most urgent needs identified are food, clean drinking water and other forms of basic assistance, including tarpaulins. (IFRC, 1 Jun 2017)
The Government of Myanmar and international and national humanitarian partners are conducting assessments and responding to needs following Tropical Cyclone MORA. As of 2 June, the Government reported that over 4,600 houses were destroyed and 11,700 houses damaged. The most severely affected areas are in the northern part of Rakhine State. In the IDP camps in central Rakhine State, hundreds of shelters, temporary learning spaces and latrines also suffered damage or collapsed due to the strong winds. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2017)
As of 13 June, official estimates for the total number of people affected in Myanmar were not yet available. Complicating the issue are the decades of protracted tension and communal violence in Rakhine state, where the cyclone hit. Access to some areas, including by humanitarian organizations, remains constricted. Although authorities have allowed some organizations to conduct needs assessments in Maungdaw and Buthidaung, the data is still to be verified and a comprehensive assessment has not been conducted, according to the IFRC. As of 13 June, distribution of NFIs had not yet started in these townships; authorities continued to invoke security concerns to postpone access. (IFRC, 13 Jun 2017)
According to assessments, the cyclone damaged close to 50,000 structures in the northern part of Rakhine State, including more than 21,000 houses and shelters for internally displaced people and more than 26,000 sanitation facilities. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2017)
In Maungdaw District, an inter-agency rapid damage and needs assessment conducted from 31 May to 6 June indicated that there are a total 21,504 houses that were damaged; the government’s assessment indicated that a total of 14,990 houses were damaged. (IFRC, 26 Jul 2017)
- IFRC: Bangladesh: Cyclone Mora - Emergency appeal revision n° MDRBD019
- IOM Bangladesh | Cyclone Mora Emergency Response (Jun-Dec 2017)
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks 1,149,014 Swiss francs (reduced from 1,674,188 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) to deliver assistance and support to 50,000 people (reduced from 80,000 people) affected by both Tropical Cyclone Mora and landslides for twelve months with a focus on the following sectors: health, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion (WASH); shelter, food security and livelihoods; disaster risk reduction (DRR) and National Society capacity building.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the crisis
Tropical cyclone Mora made landfall on the coast of Bangladesh between Cox's Bazaar and the city of Chittagong on 30 May 2017. Myanmar’s Rakhine state was severely hit, particularly in the northern areas of the state, and the states/regions of Chin, Ayeyarwady, Magway and Sagaing. MRCS conducted a rapid assessment in the affected townships to assess the needs of the affected population.
It may be slightly sturdier than the makeshift homes crammed onto every other available inch of the incline, but Mohiuddin fears it will offer little resistance when cyclone season arrives in just a few months.
Read the full article on IRIN.
The Myanmar Humanitarian Fund (MHF) mobilizes resources for partners to respond to the critical humanitarian needs in Myanmar. In 2017, a total of US$9.8 million has been allocated to 25 projects targeting 443,300 persons, of which 54% are women and girls, and 49%, children and adolescents under 18. It provided funding to both national and international humanitarian organizations to respond to crises in Rakhine, Kachin and Shan states, as well as supporting the priorities set out in the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) and responding to cyclone Mora in Rakhine.
New publication launched: Local Humanitarian Action in Practice – Case Studies and Reflections of Local Humanitarian Actors
A. Situation analysis
Description of the crisis
In the beginning of October 2016, an upsurge of violence in the northern area of Myanmar’s Rakhine State led to mass displacement amongst the local population. The violence took place against a backdrop of decades of protracted tension and intercommunal violence between Rakhine and Muslim communities in Rakhine.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
This Quarterly Update covers the activities of the Geneva-based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) between 1 July and 30 September 2017. It is also available online here: www. internal-displacement.org.
More than nine million new displacements in the first half of 2017
Our mid-year figures, published in August, show that conflict, violence and disasters caused 9.1 million new internal displacements globally in the first half of 2017.
This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks 33,516,6271 Swiss francs – increased from 12,763,504 Swiss francs – to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) to deliver assistance and support to a cumulative total of 200,000 people. This revised Emergency Appeal results in a funding gap of 24,006,582 Swiss francs.
Widespread violence and insecurity in Rakhine State since August 25 displaces at least 501,800 people to Bangladesh
Humanitarian access constraints impede delivery of relief assistance to affected populations
USG provides additional $40 million in assistance for affected populations in Burma and Bangladesh
Situation of human rights in Myanmar
Note by the Secretary-General
The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the General Assembly the report of the Special Rapporteur of the Human Rights Council on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee, submitted in accordance with Human Rights Council resolution 34/22.
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
The first Finnish Red Cross aid workers will be flying to Bangladesh tomorrow at the earliest. The Disaster Relief Fund has granted 500,000 euros to managing the refugee crisis.
The refugees’ situation in the Cox’s Bazar area in Bangladesh is very serious. Since the end of August, more than 420,000 refugees have fled from Myanmar to Bangladesh, mostly women and children.
They are in desperate need of food, clean water, shelter, basic supplies and health services.
As of 22 September, an estimated 429,000 Rohingya people have arrived in Bangladesh since 25 August (IOM 22/09/2017). Rohingya started fleeing northern Rakhine, Myanmar as the Myanmar Army is carrying out crackdown operations in the area.
(Hong Kong, 22 September 2017) Bangladesh experienced several cyclones and floods this year, including cyclone “Mora” in May. Furthermore, owing to the violence in Rakhine State of Myanmar, a large number of people fled to Bangladesh’s border area Cox’s Bazar, adding burdens to the already suffering region. All these disasters and issues lead to shortage of resources and rising humanitarian needs. People are in urgent need for relief service and materials, including temporary shelters, food, water, sanitations, daily necessities, medical service and psychological support.
Over 400,000 flee their homes in northern Rakhine
Humanitarian operations severely disrupted in central Rakhine
Rakhine Advisory Commission issues final report
Civilians in Kachin and Shan bear the brunt of armed conflict
Monsoon season floods temporarily displaced over 300,000
Since 25 August more than 379 000 people are estimated to have crossed from Myanmar to Bangladesh following violence in Rakhine state, Myanmar
156 000 are located in makeshift settlement/camps, 35 000 in host communities and 188 000 in new spontaneous settlements
26 747 people have been displaced in Myanmar