Tropical Cyclone Mora - May 2017
Severe Cyclonic Storm Mora made landfall in Bangladesh on 30 May 2017. The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)-Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) estimates that 10,074,699 people were living in regions that were exposed to wind speeds of 120 km/h or more, and that some districts near Cox’s Bazaar and Chittagong were hit with gusts that topped 130 km/h.
There were at least six lives lost, as well as 136 people injured, according to the National Health Crisis Management Centre and Control Room of the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS). Government sources have estimated that approximately 52,000 houses were damaged or destroyed, leaving 260,000 people in possible need of shelter. In particular, Cox’s Bazaar district was heavily hit, with approximately 17,000 residences damaged. Housing for undocumented Myanmar nationals near Cox’s Bazaar was severely damaged. Rohingya refugees are currently without reliable shelter, food, and fuel. (UN RC, 31 May 2017)
An estimated 3.3 million people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone MORA, which made landfall in Chittagong Division on 30 May...As of 3 June, 540,000 people are estimated to require humanitarian assistance. The most severely affected area has been Cox’s Bazar, where more than 300,000 Rohingya refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals are residing. Six Rohingya settlements in the area have reportedly been severely affected, with up to 70 per cent of shelters as well as latrines, clinics and other infrastructure damaged. Agencies working in Cox’s Bazar and other affected areas, are providing assistance in support of the Government response. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2017)
The storm damaged all UNICEF-supported Child Friendly Spaces in Cox's Bazar. These facilities had been supporting 13,437 children in makeshift settlements and host communities. According to UNICEF, children are at risk of exploitation, abuse and violation, as they are taking shelter with people who are not their immediate family members. Caregivers are busy collecting relief and restoring livelihoods; as a result, children are often left unattended for long periods. This could increase their vulnerability and exposure to risks. (UNICEF, 20 Jun 2017)
According to data made available by the Government of Bangladesh, some 52,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed, leaving more than 200,000 people displaced. The worst-hit area is Cox’s Bazar district. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2017)
In Myanmar, TC Mora affected the state of Rakhine, particularly Northern Rakhine. The estimate for total number of people affected by the cyclone in Myanmar is not yet available. However, initial results from Myanmar Red Cross Society rapid assessments, conducted 30 and 31 May, indicated that the storm impacted 12 of 17 townships in Rakhine State. The initial figures showed that 3,517 houses were partially damaged while 967 houses were completely damaged in Maungdaw township. 823 houses were damaged in Sittwe, Minbya and Rathedaung townships. A significant number of longhouses and other infrastructure, including latrines and temporary learning spaces, have been destroyed or severely damaged in existing IDP camps in Sittwe and Pauktaw townships. The most urgent needs identified are food, clean drinking water and other forms of basic assistance, including tarpaulins. (IFRC, 1 Jun 2017)
The Government of Myanmar and international and national humanitarian partners are conducting assessments and responding to needs following Tropical Cyclone MORA. As of 2 June, the Government reported that over 4,600 houses were destroyed and 11,700 houses damaged. The most severely affected areas are in the northern part of Rakhine State. In the IDP camps in central Rakhine State, hundreds of shelters, temporary learning spaces and latrines also suffered damage or collapsed due to the strong winds. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2017)
As of 13 June, official estimates for the total number of people affected in Myanmar were not yet available. Complicating the issue are the decades of protracted tension and communal violence in Rakhine state, where the cyclone hit. Access to some areas, including by humanitarian organizations, remains constricted. Although authorities have allowed some organizations to conduct needs assessments in Maungdaw and Buthidaung, the data is still to be verified and a comprehensive assessment has not been conducted, according to the IFRC. As of 13 June, distribution of NFIs had not yet started in these townships; authorities continued to invoke security concerns to postpone access. (IFRC, 13 Jun 2017)
According to assessments, the cyclone damaged close to 50,000 structures in the northern part of Rakhine State, including more than 21,000 houses and shelters for internally displaced people and more than 26,000 sanitation facilities. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2017)
In Maungdaw District, an inter-agency rapid damage and needs assessment conducted from 31 May to 6 June indicated that there are a total 21,504 houses that were damaged; the government’s assessment indicated that a total of 14,990 houses were damaged. (IFRC, 26 Jul 2017)
Appeals & Response Plans
Description of the disaster
Since 25 August 2017, 671,000 people, the majority of whom are women and children, have fled violence in Rakhine state, Myanmar and have crossed the border to seek shelter in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The newly displaced people is an addition to the 212,538 people who had already fled from Rakhine state, Myanmar to Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh in successive displacement flows in the last few decades. In total, there are an estimated 884,000 people from Rakhine in Cox’s Bazar.
2017 IN REVIEW
Humanitarian situation in 2017
Two thousand indigenous families in Bangladesh’s Chittagong Hill Tracts received training and agricultural livelihoods packages to improve poultry, vegetable and rice production. The families live in one of the poorest areas of the country, with low household incomes and poor nutritional status.
Organisations working on the Rohingya response are preparing for the cyclone season. This brief provides background on cyclones in Bangladesh and an overview of their impact, to put the emergency preparedness planning into a wider perspective. The 2018 cyclone seasons will be different from those in the past. The influx of over 650,000 refugees residing in temporary shelters and who are not included in national preparedness and early warning mechanisms creates a significantly different level of vulnerability.
26-28 May 2017: Low pressure area formed in the Bay of Bengal and intensifies into Tropical cyclone Mora (TC Mora).
29 May 2017: Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD) issues danger signal no. 10 in six coastal districts (Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Noakhali, Lakshmipur, Feni and Chandpur) as TC Mora approaches the coast of Bangladesh. BDRCS deployed its volunteers to support the evacuation of population to safe shelters. A disaster management information system (DMIS) update is issued.
Muslim IDPs have been living in the IDP camps of rural Sittwe in eight and ten unit temporary shelters since the inter-communal violence of 2012. Unlike Kachin State where scantling timber is often used to construct temporary shelters in IDP camps, in Rakhine State, the Rakhine State Government (RSG) approves the use of myar posts (jungle wood) instead of scantling to maintain the temporary nature of the IDP camps.
In 2017, millions of people across Asia were once again affected by devastating natural disasters including floods, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions. Over the course of the last year, 54 million people were affected by flooding alone, leaving many without homes, possessions and livelihoods. In addition, many parts of the region suffered from drought, resulting in severe food and water shortages.
Read more on OCHA ROAP Exposure: 2017 Year in Review
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Since 25 August 2017, 655,000 people4 , the majority of whom are women and children, have fled violence in Rakhine state, Myanmar and have crossed the border to seek shelter in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The newly displaced people (People from Rakhine) add to the 212,538 people who had already fled from Rakhine state, Myanmar to Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh in successive displacement flows - most recently in October 2016. In total, there are 832,112 People from Rakhine in Cox’s Bazar.
Bangladeshi host communities
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks 1,149,014 Swiss francs (reduced from 1,674,188 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) to deliver assistance and support to 50,000 people (reduced from 80,000 people) affected by both Tropical Cyclone Mora and landslides for twelve months with a focus on the following sectors: health, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion (WASH); shelter, food security and livelihoods; disaster risk reduction (DRR) and National Society capacity building.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the crisis
Tropical cyclone Mora made landfall on the coast of Bangladesh between Cox's Bazaar and the city of Chittagong on 30 May 2017. Myanmar’s Rakhine state was severely hit, particularly in the northern areas of the state, and the states/regions of Chin, Ayeyarwady, Magway and Sagaing. MRCS conducted a rapid assessment in the affected townships to assess the needs of the affected population.
It may be slightly sturdier than the makeshift homes crammed onto every other available inch of the incline, but Mohiuddin fears it will offer little resistance when cyclone season arrives in just a few months.
Read the full article on IRIN.
The Myanmar Humanitarian Fund (MHF) mobilizes resources for partners to respond to the critical humanitarian needs in Myanmar. In 2017, a total of US$9.8 million has been allocated to 25 projects targeting 440,150 persons, of which 53% are women and girls, and 49%, children and adolescents under 18. It provided funding to both national and international humanitarian organizations to respond to crises in Rakhine, Kachin and Shan states, as well as supporting the priorities set out in the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) and responding to cyclone Mora in Rakhine.
New publication launched: Local Humanitarian Action in Practice – Case Studies and Reflections of Local Humanitarian Actors
A. Situation analysis
Description of the crisis
In the beginning of October 2016, an upsurge of violence in the northern area of Myanmar’s Rakhine State led to mass displacement amongst the local population. The violence took place against a backdrop of decades of protracted tension and intercommunal violence between Rakhine and Muslim communities in Rakhine.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster