Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017
On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
On 23 March, UN and partners appealed for US$20 million to assist 250,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar
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New York, 6 July 2018 – The just-released ECW annual results report shows ECW’s investments have reached more than 650,000 children and youth affected by conflict and natural disasters during the Fund’s first year of operations from April 2017 to March 2018. In total ECW invested US$82 million in 14 crisis-affected countries.
The year 2017 was poignantly marked by numerous humanitarian dramas around the world. From devastating natural disasters to deadly conflicts, Télécoms Sans Frontières has remained mobilised and adapted its response to the specific needs of the affected populations, introducing new and innovative means of providing communications aid.
Certain urban areas of Madagascar (districts of Antananarivo, Tamatave etc.) are experiencing the outbreak of a plague epidemic since August.
WFP will implement resilience strengthening activities in the 16 targeted communes, where the food security situation has improved. These activities will be complemented by nutritional support and school feeding programmes, for higher impact.
WFP is shifting the focus of its operations towards resilience strengthening. 14 priority communes have been identified for Food Assistance for Assets resilience strengthening activities.
Early recovery activities implemented in the targeted ENAWO cyclone affected areas aiming to support communities for restoring damaged infrastructure ended in August.
WFP is shifting the focus of its operations towards resilience strengthening and the identification of priority areas for Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) resilience strengthening activities.
Early recovery activities aiming to help communities to restore damaged infrastructure (roads and irrigation canals) are being implemented in the targeted cyclone affected areas.
• Mars marque le pic de la période de soudure alimentaire dans de nombreux pays touchés par la sècheresse induite par El Niño l'an dernier (source: FEWS NET).
• La saison des pluies a continué à apporter des précipitations au Grand Sud, alors que ces pluies entravent encore la fourniture des aides humanitaires et l'accès aux marchés locaux.
The improved rainy season and harvest in March and April 2017 may produce a temporary reprieve from the complex nutritional crisis in the south, however pockets of acute malnutrition remain an obstacle to recovery. Preliminary results of the UNICEF-led nutrition SMART surveys show GAM prevalence between 10 and 15 per cent in Beloha and Amboasary districts, within the “high” prevalence range for wasting,according to WHO standards (10-14 per cent).
· March marks the peak of the lean season across many countries impacted by last year’s El Niño-induced drought (source: FEWS NET).
· The rainfall season has been continuing to bring rain to the Grand Sud. While welcome, these rains are still hampering the delivery of humanitarian assistance and the access to local markets.
· Some communities have opted for migration as a survival strategy because of the "Kere", this has affected until 35% of the population in the village of Beloha South (cumulated figure).
Tropical cyclone ENAWO made landfall in Antalaha district, in the north-east of Madagascar on 7 March. WFP has responded to the emergency by distributing High Energy Biscuits and food baskets to victims of the cyclone in most affected northeastern, south-eastern districts as well as the capital Antananarivo.
In March, WFP continued its drought emergency response to meet the needs of disaster-affected communities through food and cash-based unconditional assistance and nutrition support.
Monday, 24 April, 2017 - 17:00
When Cyclone Enawo struck north eastern Madagascar on the morning of March 7, travelling at 200 to 300 km per hour, the country and its people were prepared and a number of measures were put in place to limit losses.
However, the wind damages and the widespread flooding left behind by the cyclone severely affected the livelihood of the people of the north-east.
The UN Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator (USG/ERC) and the Malagasy Permanent Representation at the UN re-launched the Flash Appeal on ENAWO on 28 March in New York, with the participation of the Malagasy Prime Minister, various Ministers and the UN Resident Coordinator for Madagascar via videoconference.
• On 23 March 2017. humanitarian partners in Madagascar and the Government jointly launched a Flash Appeal for $20 million to provide support to 250,000 vulnerable people affected by Cyclone Enawo.
• Response activities are building momentum, with supplies. additional humanitarian organizations and staff arriving in the most-affected areas of north-eastern Madagascar.
Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo, a category 4 cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson scale, made landfall in north-eastern Madagascar’s Sava region on 7 March and moved through the centre of the country as a tropical depression, exiting in the south-east on the morning of 10 March 2017. Strong winds ands floods damaged crops, infrastructure, schools and houses, temporarily displacing 247,000 people and injuring 253 people with 81 deaths.
This report is issued by the Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes (BNGRC) and the Humanitarian Country Team in Madagascar. It covers the period from 17 to 24 March. The next report will be issued early in April 2017, and will be published every two weeks thereafter.
On 23 March 2017, humanitarian partners in Madagascar and the Government jointly launched a Flash Appeal for $20 million to provide support to 250,000 vulnerable people affected by Cyclone Enawo.
OVERVIEW OF CRISIS
Magnitude of the cyclone
Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo, a category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale, made landfall in north-eastern Madagascar’s Sava region on 7 March and then moved southward across central and south parts of the country while declining to a tropical depression before exiting the country on the morning of 10 March 2017.
Population and areas affected
(Antananarivo, 23 March 2017) – The United Nations and humanitarian partners are appealing for US$20 million to address the devastating consequences of Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar.
Cyclone Enawo struck the coast of Madagascar as a Category 4 cyclone on 7 March, causing extensive damage due to high winds and flooding in northeastern parts of the country. Between 8 and 10 March, the cyclone traced an arc nearly the length of the island nation, bringing heavy rainfall and flooding to central and southeastern areas.
UNE VUE D'ENSEMBLE DE LA CRISE
Echelle et magnitude du cyclone
Le cyclone tropical intense Enawo, cyclone de catégorie 4 sur l'échelle de Saffir-Simpson, a touché terre dans la région de SAVA (Sambava-Andapa-Vohémar-Antalaha) au nord-est de Madagascar le 7 mars 2017, puis s’est déplacé en tant que dépression tropicale vers le sud en suivant la forme d’un arc traversant le centre et le sud du pays, avant de quitter le pays dans la matinée du 10 mars.
Population et zones affectées
This report is written following a very quick (3 hours) assessment one displacement sites and sites of origin in Antananarivo, on 15 March approximately one week after Cyclone Enawo.