Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017
On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
On 23 March, UN and partners appealed for US$20 million to assist 250,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar
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The Global Climate Risk Index 2019 analyses to what extent countries and regions have been affected by impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.). The most recent data available — for 2017 and from 1998 to 2017 — were taken into account.
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On 15 May 2018, more than 60 participants attended a focus event on the Africa Disaster Risk Financing (ADRF) Initiative, which took place in the margins of the 14-18 May Understanding Risk Forum in Mexico City. Among the participants were 40 delegates from 14 Sub-Saharan African governments (Cabo Verde, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Tanzania, and Uganda).
The report has been prepared as commissioned by the Government of Madagascar (Ministry of Population, Social protection and Women’s Promotion and the National Office of Risk and Disaster Management) in coordination with the members of the emergency cash group and with UNICEF’s funding and technical support. The results of this report have been presented and discussed with the Government and the members of the emergency cash group.
New Report Looks at Past Disasters to Prepare for the Future
Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery: Are we prepared for the next Pompeii?
WASHINGTON, May 8, 2018 — The great disasters of the past – like the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD or the hurricane that devastated Santo Domingo in 1930 – can provide valuable lessons to help governments and institutions increase the resilience of communities in the face of modern challenges, such as climate change and rapid urbanization.
Madagascar is ranked “highly vulnerable” to climate trends (20 of 181 countries) based on climate projections and is poorly prepared to address climate-related impacts (ND-GAIN 2015). Urbanization and climate trends in the country are increasing the risk of diminished public health and food insecurity in urban areas. This document assesses the climate risks to urban infrastructure, services and populations and the opportunities for adaptive responses.
This report is based on the passage of Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo which affected Madagascar in March 2017, the strongest cyclone experienced by the country over the last 10 years.
Cyclone Enawo came in through the North East of the country, at the level of Antalaha district, as a strong category 4 cyclone on Monday 06 March 2017 at night. Enawo then swept through the country striking the highlands and got out of the country on Thursday 09 March in the far South of the country.
Geneva, Switzerland, 6 February 2018
Distinguished guests, colleagues, ladies and gentlemen.
It is my pleasure to welcome you to the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) Advisory Board Annual Meeting. Today, we will celebrate the achievements of UNDAC as it marks its 25th Anniversary this year. We will discuss how we can further strengthen UNDAC to ensure that it continues to be a nimble, effective international emergency response mechanism in a fast-evolving operational environment.
Northern Madagascar experienced an extremely dry season, particularly from Oct 2016 to Feb 2017. In March 2017 Cyclone Enawo hit north-eastern Madagascar, causing flooding and destroying crops. The World Bank estimated the agricultural loss at 207 million USD, including 164 million USD of Vanilla.
The price of imported rice increased by 25% and local rice by up to 47%.
Death, destruction and displacements due to cyclones are not uncommon in the Indian Ocean countries. What is worrying, of late, is the growing intensity.
When cyclone Enawo hit Madagascar in March 2017, Mr Getachew Taa, Head of the Country Cluster Support Team for East Africa and Indian Ocean for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) said: “Tropical Cyclones are not unusual for Madagascar at this time of year. However, the severity of Enawo is troubling.”
Moroni/Geneva, 26 September 2017—Thousands of lives in the Union of Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles remain at risk due to the region’s increasing vulnerability to natural disasters, including cyclones, floods, earthquakes and tsunamis. This, combined with the fact that global humanitarian funding is dwindling, is further evidence of the need to invest in preparedness and in local humanitarian capacity.
Natural disasters over the first semester of 2017
During the first semester of 2017, EM-DAT preliminary data shows that 149 disasters occurred in 73 countries. The impact of which resulted in 3,162 deaths, affected more than 80 million people and caused more than US$32.4 billion (A).
The major disasters were floods and landslides occurring in Asia, South America and Africa (B).
So far this year, at least 140 million people across 37 countries have been left in need of humanitarian aid. But most of them will not get it
Usually the first questions after a disaster are “How many people are affected?” and “What’s the damage?” We want to know the hard numbers on how many people were affected and the potential impact on the economy – difficult information to ascertain in the chaotic aftermath of a disaster. Understanding the situation on the ground takes coordination, data, and time – exactly what you’re often missing during a disaster. Using catastrophe risk models before a disaster occurs can improve coordination, provide critical data, and be done without time constraints.
The work presented in this brief report, estimates the losses related to Cyclone Enawo to be over USD 400 million, corresponding to about 4% of annual GDP. With this amount of losses, the Government of Madagascar is likely to need increased post-disaster financing from development partners to cover some of its reconstruction and recovery needs.
By Evelyne Karanja
NAIROBI, 7 June 2017 – Struck three months ago by a cyclone that affected 500,000 of its 24 million people, the climate-vulnerable Indian Ocean nation of Madagascar sees early warning and disaster preparedness as fundamental to its future resilience.
Cyclone Enawo, which made landfall in mid-March, claimed 81 lives and injured more than 250 people, according to the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises, better known as the BNGRC, the acronym for its French-language name the Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes.
Global Logistics Cluster Preparedness
The Global Logistics Cluster (GLC) Preparedness project aims to help strengthen national supply chain resiliency and emergency preparedness, focusing on supply chain mapping, supply chain capacity gap identification and analysis, and subsequently supply chain risk mitigation.