Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017
On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
On 23 March, UN and partners appealed for US$20 million to assist 250,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar
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Between October and November 2017, a series of market assessments were conducted across Southern Africa by FEWS NET, in collaboration with key national and international partners. The findings from the assessment in Madagascar are key inputs to this report, which provides an update to the May 2017 Supply and Market Outlook report.
Certain urban areas of Madagascar (districts of Antananarivo, Tamatave etc.) are experiencing the outbreak of a plague epidemic since August.
WFP will implement resilience strengthening activities in the 16 targeted communes, where the food security situation has improved. These activities will be complemented by nutritional support and school feeding programmes, for higher impact.
La production nationale de riz (paddy) est estimée à un peu plus de 3,1 millions de tonnes en 2017, soit 20 pour cent de moins qu’en 2016 et 19 pour cent de moins que la moyenne des trois précédentes années (2013-2015).
Ce recul de la production est principalement dû à un démarrage tardif de la saison des pluies et à une sécheresse sévère qui a tout particulièrement touché les principales régions productrices de riz du nord, du centre et de l’est en milieu de campagne.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Cyclone Ava brings heavy rains to eastern regions in early 2018
Rice production in 2017 estimated at well belowaverage level mainly reflecting dry conditions in main-producing areas
Prices of rice in 2017 up on annual basis, mostly on account of tighter supplies
Moderate improvement in food security situation in southern regions, but conditions worsened in southeastern areas due to weather shocks
Heavy rains impact coastal regions in early 2018
Expected rains in Southern Madagascar will be favorable for maize and pulse planting
Northern Madagascar experienced an extremely dry season, particularly from Oct 2016 to Feb 2017. In March 2017 Cyclone Enawo hit north-eastern Madagascar, causing flooding and destroying crops. The World Bank estimated the agricultural loss at 207 million USD, including 164 million USD of Vanilla.
The price of imported rice increased by 25% and local rice by up to 47%.
Vulnerable populations in six Southern African countries will likely require humanitarian assistance through mid-2018
FAW infestations reported in at least eight Southern Africa countries
USAID/FFP provides nearly $47 million in additional funding to improve food security throughout the region
WFP is shifting the focus of its operations towards resilience strengthening. 14 priority communes have been identified for Food Assistance for Assets resilience strengthening activities.
Early recovery activities implemented in the targeted ENAWO cyclone affected areas aiming to support communities for restoring damaged infrastructure ended in August.
Due to improved harvests, FEWS NET projects Minimal levels of food insecurity in Southern Africa through January 2018, with pockets of Stressed or Crisis levels in some countries
Relief actors provide targeted assistance to vulnerable populations to facilitate continued recovery
USAID/OFDA provides approximately $26 million in new funding to support cyclone- and drought-affected populations in the region
KEY HIGHLIGHTS ON THE FOOD INSECURITY FROM MARCH TO MAY 2017
Districts in emergency phase despite humanitarian actions (IPC Phase 3 !): Betioky,
Ampanihy, Tsihombe, Beloha, Amboasary Sud; four communes in the district of Taolagnaro (Ranopiso, Analapatsy, Andranobory, Ankariera) and the commune of Beheloka in Tuléar II
Districts in crisis phase (IPC Phase 3): Vangaindrano, Farafanagana, Vohipeno
Districts in crisis phase despite humanitarian actions (IPC Phase 2!): Ambovombe and Bekily.
The work presented in this brief report, estimates the losses related to Cyclone Enawo to be over USD 400 million, corresponding to about 4% of annual GDP. With this amount of losses, the Government of Madagascar is likely to need increased post-disaster financing from development partners to cover some of its reconstruction and recovery needs.
Madagascar produit 80% de la production mondiale de vanille. Le district d’Antalaha, situé dans le nord-est du pays, fait partie des zones de hautes productions de cette précieuse orchidée. 4 mois après le passage du cyclone Enawo, la ville peuplée d’environ 132 000 habitants essaie de remettre le développement local sur les rails et réduire l’extrême pauvreté.
Poor harvests will result in a harder lean season in Southeastern Madagascar
En 2017, la production des aliments de base à Madagascar est prévue de rester au-dessous de la moyenne. La récolte principale de riz en cours sera inférieure à 90 pour cent de celle de 2016, car une récente saison de sècheresse inattendue a entrainé un début de saison de plantation tardive. La production de maïs et de manioc va connaitre une modeste reprise mais reste pareillement en dessous de la moyenne (Figure 1). Les importations de riz continuent à jouer un rôle important dans l’approvisionnement en aliment de base pour les mois à venir.
WFP is shifting the focus of its operations towards resilience strengthening and the identification of priority areas for Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) resilience strengthening activities.
Early recovery activities aiming to help communities to restore damaged infrastructure (roads and irrigation canals) are being implemented in the targeted cyclone affected areas.
Les mois de février et mars coïncident avec le début des récoltes de grande saison dans le Sud de Madagascar, tandis que la période de soudure continue à marquer le Sud-Est.
• Harvests begin across Southern Africa, improving food security for vulnerable households
• Projections for June to September indicate Minimal levels of food insecurity across the region
• USAID/FFP provides nearly $270,000 in new funding to UNICEF to continue nutrition