Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017
On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
On 23 March, UN and partners appealed for US$20 million to assist 250,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar
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The report has been prepared as commissioned by the Government of Madagascar (Ministry of Population, Social protection and Women’s Promotion and the National Office of Risk and Disaster Management) in coordination with the members of the emergency cash group and with UNICEF’s funding and technical support. The results of this report have been presented and discussed with the Government and the members of the emergency cash group.
Madagascar is ranked “highly vulnerable” to climate trends (20 of 181 countries) based on climate projections and is poorly prepared to address climate-related impacts (ND-GAIN 2015). Urbanization and climate trends in the country are increasing the risk of diminished public health and food insecurity in urban areas. This document assesses the climate risks to urban infrastructure, services and populations and the opportunities for adaptive responses.
This report is based on the passage of Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo which affected Madagascar in March 2017, the strongest cyclone experienced by the country over the last 10 years.
Cyclone Enawo came in through the North East of the country, at the level of Antalaha district, as a strong category 4 cyclone on Monday 06 March 2017 at night. Enawo then swept through the country striking the highlands and got out of the country on Thursday 09 March in the far South of the country.
Between October and November 2017, a series of market assessments were conducted across Southern Africa by FEWS NET, in collaboration with key national and international partners. The findings from the assessment in Madagascar are key inputs to this report, which provides an update to the May 2017 Supply and Market Outlook report.
Expected rains in Southern Madagascar will be favorable for maize and pulse planting
Vulnerable populations in six Southern African countries will likely require humanitarian assistance through mid-2018
FAW infestations reported in at least eight Southern Africa countries
USAID/FFP provides nearly $47 million in additional funding to improve food security throughout the region
Natural disasters over the first semester of 2017
During the first semester of 2017, EM-DAT preliminary data shows that 149 disasters occurred in 73 countries. The impact of which resulted in 3,162 deaths, affected more than 80 million people and caused more than US$32.4 billion (A).
The major disasters were floods and landslides occurring in Asia, South America and Africa (B).
Due to improved harvests, FEWS NET projects Minimal levels of food insecurity in Southern Africa through January 2018, with pockets of Stressed or Crisis levels in some countries
Relief actors provide targeted assistance to vulnerable populations to facilitate continued recovery
USAID/OFDA provides approximately $26 million in new funding to support cyclone- and drought-affected populations in the region
KEY HIGHLIGHTS ON THE FOOD INSECURITY FROM MARCH TO MAY 2017
Districts in emergency phase despite humanitarian actions (IPC Phase 3 !): Betioky,
Ampanihy, Tsihombe, Beloha, Amboasary Sud; four communes in the district of Taolagnaro (Ranopiso, Analapatsy, Andranobory, Ankariera) and the commune of Beheloka in Tuléar II
Districts in crisis phase (IPC Phase 3): Vangaindrano, Farafanagana, Vohipeno
Districts in crisis phase despite humanitarian actions (IPC Phase 2!): Ambovombe and Bekily.
Poor harvests will result in a harder lean season in Southeastern Madagascar
En 2017, la production des aliments de base à Madagascar est prévue de rester au-dessous de la moyenne. La récolte principale de riz en cours sera inférieure à 90 pour cent de celle de 2016, car une récente saison de sècheresse inattendue a entrainé un début de saison de plantation tardive. La production de maïs et de manioc va connaitre une modeste reprise mais reste pareillement en dessous de la moyenne (Figure 1). Les importations de riz continuent à jouer un rôle important dans l’approvisionnement en aliment de base pour les mois à venir.
Les mois de février et mars coïncident avec le début des récoltes de grande saison dans le Sud de Madagascar, tandis que la période de soudure continue à marquer le Sud-Est.
• Harvests begin across Southern Africa, improving food security for vulnerable households
• Projections for June to September indicate Minimal levels of food insecurity across the region
• USAID/FFP provides nearly $270,000 in new funding to UNICEF to continue nutrition
National rice harvest is estimated to be near 80 percent of normal
Madagascar’s 2017 staple food production is expected to remain below average levels.
The ongoing main rice harvest will be less than 90 percent of 2016 levels as unexpected early season dryness resulted in a late start to the planting season. Maize and cassava production will see a modest recovery but similarly remain below average (Figure 1).
Rice imports will continue to play an important role in staple food supply over the coming months.
Despite recent seasonal rainfall, moisture deficits remain in central Kenya and Somalia
Following rains during early March, significant long-term moisture deficits remain throughout central and eastern Madagascar.
Inconsistent rainfall since late December has led to continued dryness across many parts of western Angola.
Despite recent rainfall, seasonal rain remains below-average across much of East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average rainfall accumulations since late February have resulted in significant moisture deficits, which have already negatively impacted agricultural and pastoral activities in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.