Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017
On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
On 23 March, UN and partners appealed for US$20 million to assist 250,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar
Vulnerable populations in six Southern African countries will likely require humanitarian assistance through mid-2018
FAW infestations reported in at least eight Southern Africa countries
USAID/FFP provides nearly $47 million in additional funding to improve food security throughout the region
Death, destruction and displacements due to cyclones are not uncommon in the Indian Ocean countries. What is worrying, of late, is the growing intensity.
When cyclone Enawo hit Madagascar in March 2017, Mr Getachew Taa, Head of the Country Cluster Support Team for East Africa and Indian Ocean for the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) said: “Tropical Cyclones are not unusual for Madagascar at this time of year. However, the severity of Enawo is troubling.”
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Moroni/Geneva, 26 September 2017—Thousands of lives in the Union of Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles remain at risk due to the region’s increasing vulnerability to natural disasters, including cyclones, floods, earthquakes and tsunamis. This, combined with the fact that global humanitarian funding is dwindling, is further evidence of the need to invest in preparedness and in local humanitarian capacity.
WFP is shifting the focus of its operations towards resilience strengthening. 14 priority communes have been identified for Food Assistance for Assets resilience strengthening activities.
Early recovery activities implemented in the targeted ENAWO cyclone affected areas aiming to support communities for restoring damaged infrastructure ended in August.
Natural disasters over the first semester of 2017
During the first semester of 2017, EM-DAT preliminary data shows that 149 disasters occurred in 73 countries. The impact of which resulted in 3,162 deaths, affected more than 80 million people and caused more than US$32.4 billion (A).
The major disasters were floods and landslides occurring in Asia, South America and Africa (B).
Having a baby can be a stressful event in the life of any woman. Worrying when it will happen, if the baby will be healthy, and how much pain it will cause are typical concerns most women can relate to. Having a baby in the midst of a cyclone? Now that is another story.
On 7 March 2017 at 11:00 am, Jolita, 26, gave birth to a healthy baby girl named Tania in one of Medair’s cyclone shelters in Madagascar during Cyclone Enawo, which struck the northeast coast of Madagascar that day with Category 4 force.
So far this year, at least 140 million people across 37 countries have been left in need of humanitarian aid. But most of them will not get it
Due to improved harvests, FEWS NET projects Minimal levels of food insecurity in Southern Africa through January 2018, with pockets of Stressed or Crisis levels in some countries
Relief actors provide targeted assistance to vulnerable populations to facilitate continued recovery
USAID/OFDA provides approximately $26 million in new funding to support cyclone- and drought-affected populations in the region
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 42 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including the:
• Undiagnosed paediatric eruptive fever in Cameroon
• Dengue fever in Côte d’Ivoire
• Hepatitis E in Niger
• Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
• Humanitarian refugee crisis in Uganda
• Humanitarian crisis in Madagascar
KEY HIGHLIGHTS ON THE FOOD INSECURITY FROM MARCH TO MAY 2017
Districts in emergency phase despite humanitarian actions (IPC Phase 3 !): Betioky,
Ampanihy, Tsihombe, Beloha, Amboasary Sud; four communes in the district of Taolagnaro (Ranopiso, Analapatsy, Andranobory, Ankariera) and the commune of Beheloka in Tuléar II
Districts in crisis phase (IPC Phase 3): Vangaindrano, Farafanagana, Vohipeno
Districts in crisis phase despite humanitarian actions (IPC Phase 2!): Ambovombe and Bekily.
Usually the first questions after a disaster are “How many people are affected?” and “What’s the damage?” We want to know the hard numbers on how many people were affected and the potential impact on the economy – difficult information to ascertain in the chaotic aftermath of a disaster. Understanding the situation on the ground takes coordination, data, and time – exactly what you’re often missing during a disaster. Using catastrophe risk models before a disaster occurs can improve coordination, provide critical data, and be done without time constraints.
The work presented in this brief report, estimates the losses related to Cyclone Enawo to be over USD 400 million, corresponding to about 4% of annual GDP. With this amount of losses, the Government of Madagascar is likely to need increased post-disaster financing from development partners to cover some of its reconstruction and recovery needs.
Madagascar produit 80% de la production mondiale de vanille. Le district d’Antalaha, situé dans le nord-est du pays, fait partie des zones de hautes productions de cette précieuse orchidée. 4 mois après le passage du cyclone Enawo, la ville peuplée d’environ 132 000 habitants essaie de remettre le développement local sur les rails et réduire l’extrême pauvreté.
Poor harvests will result in a harder lean season in Southeastern Madagascar
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: three Grade 3, seven Grade 2, six Grade 1, and twenty five ungraded events.
En 2017, la production des aliments de base à Madagascar est prévue de rester au-dessous de la moyenne. La récolte principale de riz en cours sera inférieure à 90 pour cent de celle de 2016, car une récente saison de sècheresse inattendue a entrainé un début de saison de plantation tardive. La production de maïs et de manioc va connaitre une modeste reprise mais reste pareillement en dessous de la moyenne (Figure 1). Les importations de riz continuent à jouer un rôle important dans l’approvisionnement en aliment de base pour les mois à venir.
WFP is shifting the focus of its operations towards resilience strengthening and the identification of priority areas for Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) resilience strengthening activities.
Early recovery activities aiming to help communities to restore damaged infrastructure (roads and irrigation canals) are being implemented in the targeted cyclone affected areas.