Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017
On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
On 23 March, UN and partners appealed for US$20 million to assist 250,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar
Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo struck north-eastern Madagascar on the morning of March 7, travelling at 200 to 300 km/hour. On March 8, Enawo weakened to a moderate tropical storm and exited Madagascar on Friday 10 March 2017, after traversing nearly the length of the island over two days. Enawo affected communities across Madagascar’s eastern and central regions-approximately 34,377 people were affected.
This report is written following a very quick (3 hours) assessment one displacement sites and sites of origin in Antananarivo, on 15 March approximately one week after Cyclone Enawo.
Formé dans l'océan Indien, le cyclone Enawo (catégorie 4) a frappé le 7 mars 2017 les côtes nord-est de Madagascar, dans la région d'Antalaha, accompagné de pluies diluviennes et de vents soufflant en rafales jusqu'à 290 km/h.
Il a le lendemain touché Antananarivo, la capitale située en plein centre de l'île, avant d'être reclassé par les services météorologiques en "dépression tropicale" puis de quitter le territoire malgache.
This map illustrates satellite-detected flood waters extent and evolution between 10 and 08 March 2017 over Maroantsetra area, Analanjirofo region in Madagascar as detected by TerraSAR-X acquired on 10 and 08 March 2017 and Radarsat-2 image acquired on 04 May 2014.
CYCLONE ENAWO DISPLACEMENT - KEY FINDINGS
LOCATION OF DISPLACEMENT: As of 17 March 2017 there were 6,334 displaced persons in 5 regions across Madagascar. In total there have been approximately 250,000 persons displaced since the onset of the disaster at the beginning of the month. DTM has identified 126 displacement sites in nine of the 15 affected regions.
400,000 people were affected by cyclone Enawo, which hit Madagascar in early March. According to the latest reports, 250 people were injured, 78 were killed, and 18 are missing. Many homes and public buildings have been damaged or destroyed by the cyclone and floods and a total of 1,244 classrooms have been destroyed and hundreds damaged.
Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo struck north eastern Madagascar on the morning of March 7, travelling at 200 to 300 km/hour. On March 8, Enawo weakened from to a moderate tropical storm and exited Madagascar on of Friday 10 March 2017.
Large rainfall surpluses remain across broad areas of Southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Since late December, enhanced seasonal rainfall has resulted in large moisture surpluses and several floods. The risk of additional flooding remains high throughout Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, and southwestern Tanzania.
Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits, low soil moisture, and poor crop prospects across parts of northeastern Mozambique.
Madagascar’s “forgotten crisis” continues. The January 2017 nutrition assessment of children under 59 months indicated a deterioration as compared to the last quarter of 2016, as expected given the current period of the lean season. Current estimates for 2017 are that 35,000 children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition (21,750 alone in the South).
Antananarivo, 17 March 2017 – A cargo flight carrying 79 tons of humanitarian supplies has arrived in the capital of Madagascar as part of the UN Children’s Fund’s (UNICEF) ongoing response to Cyclone Enawo which caused significant damage in the northeastern part of the country and has affected much of the rest of the world’s fourth-largest island.
• The Government of Madagascar declared a national situation of emergency on 14 March 2017 due to the impact of Cyclone Enawo.
• Led by national authorities, including the BNGRC, national line ministries and their district counterparts, humanitarian partners have initiated response activities targeting vulnerable people and families in the areas most affected by the cyclone.
• To date, at least 34,377 people affected by the cyclone have received WASH assistance, and 31,025 people have received food assistance.
On 3 March 2017, Tropical storm Enawo formed in the southern Indian Ocean. The cyclone hit landfall in Madagascar on 7 March at around 10:30 am local time. Enawo is currently equivalent to a Category 4 hurricane. On 8 March, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm. The remnants of Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo exited Madagascar on the morning of 10 March. The storm traversed nearly the length of the island over two days, affecting communities from north to south across Madagascar’s eastern and central regions.
AFFECTED AREAS Mosul district, Salahuddin governorate
CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT Conflict
FIGURES About 43,000 new displacements between January and 5 March