Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017
On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
On 23 March, UN and partners appealed for US$20 million to assist 250,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar
Maps & Infographics
400,000 people were affected by cyclone Enawo, which hit Madagascar in early March. According to the latest reports, 250 people were injured, 78 were killed, and 18 are missing. Many homes and public buildings have been damaged or destroyed by the cyclone and floods and a total of 1,244 classrooms have been destroyed and hundreds damaged.
Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo struck north eastern Madagascar on the morning of March 7, travelling at 200 to 300 km/hour. On March 8, Enawo weakened from to a moderate tropical storm and exited Madagascar on of Friday 10 March 2017.
Large rainfall surpluses remain across broad areas of Southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Since late December, enhanced seasonal rainfall has resulted in large moisture surpluses and several floods. The risk of additional flooding remains high throughout Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, and southwestern Tanzania.
Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits, low soil moisture, and poor crop prospects across parts of northeastern Mozambique.
Madagascar’s “forgotten crisis” continues. The January 2017 nutrition assessment of children under 59 months indicated a deterioration as compared to the last quarter of 2016, as expected given the current period of the lean season. Current estimates for 2017 are that 35,000 children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition (21,750 alone in the South).
Antananarivo, 17 March 2017 – A cargo flight carrying 79 tons of humanitarian supplies has arrived in the capital of Madagascar as part of the UN Children’s Fund’s (UNICEF) ongoing response to Cyclone Enawo which caused significant damage in the northeastern part of the country and has affected much of the rest of the world’s fourth-largest island.
• The Government of Madagascar declared a national situation of emergency on 14 March 2017 due to the impact of Cyclone Enawo.
• Led by national authorities, including the BNGRC, national line ministries and their district counterparts, humanitarian partners have initiated response activities targeting vulnerable people and families in the areas most affected by the cyclone.
• To date, at least 34,377 people affected by the cyclone have received WASH assistance, and 31,025 people have received food assistance.
On 3 March 2017, Tropical storm Enawo formed in the southern Indian Ocean. The cyclone hit landfall in Madagascar on 7 March at around 10:30 am local time. Enawo is currently equivalent to a Category 4 hurricane. On 8 March, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm. The remnants of Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo exited Madagascar on the morning of 10 March. The storm traversed nearly the length of the island over two days, affecting communities from north to south across Madagascar’s eastern and central regions.
AFFECTED AREAS Mosul district, Salahuddin governorate
CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT Conflict
FIGURES About 43,000 new displacements between January and 5 March
ANTANANARIVO – En appui au Gouvernement de Madagascar, le Programme Alimentaire Mondial (PAM) a commencé, ce 11 mars, une assistance de vivres d’urgence à 20,000 personnes déplacées et accueillies dans des sites d’hébergement temporaire à Antananarivo, suivant le passage du cyclone ENAWO.
This map illustrates satellite-detected water extent as of 10 March 2017 over Antsahanoro commune, Antalaha district in Madagascar as detected by TerraSAR-X. As of 10 March 2017, ~ 335 Ha of land over Antsahanoro commune seem to be inundated and have experienced an increase of standing waters. These zones are mainly agricultural and/or swamps in the commune of Antsahanoro. These waters seem to be the results of the recent heavy rain related also to the cyclone ENAWO-17 which made landfall the 07 March 2017.
Antananarivo, le 14 mars 2017 - Un vol cargo transportant 92 tonnes (soit 91,686 kg) de fournitures humanitaires est arrivé dans la capitale de Madagascar dans le cadre de la réponse commune au Cyclone Enawo, qui a causé des dommages importants dans le nord-est du pays, et a affecté une grande partie du reste de la quatrième plus grande île du monde.
La carte montre les frontières administratives et les charactéristiques physiques les plus significatives pour la region. Les régions: Ambatolampy, Ambohidratrimo, Andramasina, Antananarivo Atsimondrano, Antananarivo Avaradrano, Antananarivo Renivohitra, Arivonimamo, Manjakandriana, Andapa, Antalaha, Befandriana Nord, Fenerive Est, Mananara-Avaratra, Mandritsara, Maroantsetra, Sainte Marie, Sambava, Soanierana Ivongo, Vavatenina, Vohemar