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26 Mar 2017 description

Situation Overview

  • Le Cyclone Tropical Intense Enawo a frappé le Nord Est du Madagascar le matin de 7 Mars, avec une vitesse de 200 à 300 km/heure. Le 8 Mars, Enawo s’est affaibli du niveau d’Intense à un niveau modérée de tempête tropicale et est sorti Madagascar le Vendredi 10 Mars 2017, après avoir traversé tout le long de l’ile pendant deux jours, en affectant les communautés à travers les régions centrales et de l’Est, approximativement 433,985 personnes.

26 Mar 2017 description

Situation Overview

• Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo struck north eastern Madagascar on the morning of 7 March 2017, travelling at 200 to 300 km/hour. On 8 March, Enawo weakened to a moderate tropical storm and exited Madagascar on 10 March, after traversing nearly the length of the island over two days. Enawo affected communities across Madagascar’s eastern and central regions - approximately 433,985 people were affected.

25 Mar 2017 description

Despite an increase in rainfall, long-term moisture deficits remain in Madagascar

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits and low soil moisture across parts of northeastern Mozambique.

  2. Despite a robust increase in rainfall following the passage of Tropical Cyclone Enawo during early March, considerable long-term moisture deficits remain due to well below-average rainfall earlier in the season throughout the northern Madagascar.

25 Mar 2017 description

At first glance, $36 may not seem much, but for survivors of a devastating cyclone in Madagascar, that amount provides the ability for a family to meet their immediate basic needs for six weeks.

Thanks to funding originating here in Canada, more than 17,000 people will receive life-saving assistance, helping them recover from this disaster.

23 Mar 2017 description

(Antananarivo, 23 mars 2017) – Les Nations Unies et les partenaires humanitaires ont lancé un appel pour une aide de 20 millions de dollars pour faire face aux conséquences dévastatrices du cyclone Enawo à Madagascar.

23 Mar 2017 description


Magnitude of the cyclone

Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo, a category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale, made landfall in north-eastern Madagascar’s Sava region on 7 March and then moved southward across central and south parts of the country while declining to a tropical depression before exiting the country on the morning of 10 March 2017.

Population and areas affected

23 Mar 2017 description

(Antananarivo, 23 March 2017) – The United Nations and humanitarian partners are appealing for US$20 million to address the devastating consequences of Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar.

Cyclone Enawo struck the coast of Madagascar as a Category 4 cyclone on 7 March, causing extensive damage due to high winds and flooding in northeastern parts of the country. Between 8 and 10 March, the cyclone traced an arc nearly the length of the island nation, bringing heavy rainfall and flooding to central and southeastern areas.

23 Mar 2017 description

Key messages

  • Since early 2015, the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region has faced widespread food shortages owing to the worst drought in 35 years which was exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon. Two consecutive failed rainy seasons have left 13.8 million people in need of emergency food assistance.

23 Mar 2017 description
report CBM

Cyclone Enawo's impact on CBM projects in Madagascar

On 07 March 2017 cyclone ENAWO was hitting the North East of Madagascar, bringing winds and storms between 180-200 km/h, provoking flooding and damages in many regions on its passage for almost three days. The cyclone left 81 human fatalities, while 18 persons remained missing. 253 people were injured, and 433 612 displaced from their houses.

23 Mar 2017 description

Besoins logistiques

Le réseau routier à Madagascar est très limité. il pose généralement de nombreuses contraintes pour le transport de personnes et de marchandises dans certaines régions notamment celles affectées par le cyclone ENAWO. L'accès aux zones frappées par le cyclone reste difficile en raison des routes bloquées - par des arbres ou la montée des eaux - et des infrastructures endommagées, y compris les ponts et ferries, ce qui limite la capacité des organisations humanitaires à répondre aux besoins des populations affectées.

23 Mar 2017 description


Echelle et magnitude du cyclone

Le cyclone tropical intense Enawo, cyclone de catégorie 4 sur l'échelle de Saffir-Simpson, a touché terre dans la région de SAVA (Sambava-Andapa-Vohémar-Antalaha) au nord-est de Madagascar le 7 mars 2017, puis s’est déplacé en tant que dépression tropicale vers le sud en suivant la forme d’un arc traversant le centre et le sud du pays, avant de quitter le pays dans la matinée du 10 mars.

Population et zones affectées

22 Mar 2017 description


• Tropical Cyclone Enawo affects approximately 434,000 people in Madagascar

• USAID assists cyclone-affected populations in Madagascar and Mozambique

• Food security conditions in Southern Africa likely to improve when April/May harvests begin


22 Mar 2017 description

Key Messages

  • Good performance of the current growing season (Oct 2016 – April 2017) is critical for Southern Africa, after suffering from two consecutive droughts induced by a long lasting El Niño event which led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.

21 Mar 2017 description


As of 17 March, over 433,000 people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone Enawo, which made landfall on the northeastern coast of Madagascar between 7-10 March.

Over 81 people have been killed, 253 wounded, and 247,000 displaced. Floods have damaged health facilities, leaving over 250,000 people without access to health services. An estimated 175,000 people do not have access to safe potable water, and water-borne diseases are on the rise.

Read more about Madagascar

21 Mar 2017 description
report Government of Japan
  1. On March 21, the Government of Japan decided to provide emergency relief goods (tents and plastic sheets) to the Republic of Madagascar, through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in response to the serious damage caused by the recent cyclone.