Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017
On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
On 23 March, UN and partners appealed for US$20 million to assist 250,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar
Appeals & Response Plans
Maps & Infographics
National rice harvest is estimated to be near 80 percent of normal
Imagine living in a world where it’s too expensive to eat. I don’t mean a night out at a restaurant or missing the occasional pastry. I mean when it’s too expensive to keep good nutritious food on the table. That’s what’s happening in the part of Africa where I live.
A nutritious balanced diet is out of reach for many, and a lot of people eat only once or twice a day.
For much of the last year, more than 20 million people here were dependent on food assistance; they make up half of the 40 million Africans affected by the worst drought in 35 years.
Madagascar’s 2017 staple food production is expected to remain below average levels.
The ongoing main rice harvest will be less than 90 percent of 2016 levels as unexpected early season dryness resulted in a late start to the planting season. Maize and cassava production will see a modest recovery but similarly remain below average (Figure 1).
Rice imports will continue to play an important role in staple food supply over the coming months.
Despite recent seasonal rainfall, moisture deficits remain in central Kenya and Somalia
Following rains during early March, significant long-term moisture deficits remain throughout central and eastern Madagascar.
Inconsistent rainfall since late December has led to continued dryness across many parts of western Angola.
Cyclone Enawo was the biggest storm in more than a decade to hit Madagascar. It left scores dead and triggered floods and landslides, destroying tens of thousands of homes. Two months on, the remarkable story of the village of Antanandava is a testament to Madagascan resilience
by James Ruttle
It was late morning when Cyclone Enawo made landfall on Madagascar’s north-east coast. The most severe tropical storm to hit the Indian Ocean island in more than 10 years brought with it winds of up to 290km/h and 25cm of rainfall.
Vue d’ensemble de la situation
- Entre le 7 et le 10 mars, le cyclone tropical intense Enawo a frappé le Nord Est de Madagascar avec une vitesse de 200 à 300 km/heure. Il a traversé la majeure partie de l’ile,en affectant environ 434000 personnes. Le 14 Mars 2017, le Gouvernement de Madagascar a déclaré la situation d’urgence dans le pays. Les autorités nationales, y compris le Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et Catastrophes (BNGRC), coordonnentla réponsehumanitaire dans leszones affectées.
• Mars marque le pic de la période de soudure alimentaire dans de nombreux pays touchés par la sècheresse induite par El Niño l'an dernier (source: FEWS NET).
• La saison des pluies a continué à apporter des précipitations au Grand Sud, alors que ces pluies entravent encore la fourniture des aides humanitaires et l'accès aux marchés locaux.
Vue d’ensemble de la situation
Entre le 7 et le 10 mars, le cyclone tropical intense Enawo a frappé le Nord Est du Madagascar avec une vitesse de 200 à 300 km/heure. Il a traversé la majeure partie de l’ile en affectant presque 434,000 personnes. Le 14 Mars 2017 le Gouvernement de Madagascar a déclaré la situation d’urgence dans le pays. Les autorités nationales, y compris le Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et Catastrophes (BNGRC), coordonne la réponse humanitaire dans les zones affectées.
Despite recent rainfall, seasonal rain remains below-average across much of East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average rainfall accumulations since late February have resulted in significant moisture deficits, which have already negatively impacted agricultural and pastoral activities in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
The improved rainy season and harvest in March and April 2017 may produce a temporary reprieve from the complex nutritional crisis in the south, however pockets of acute malnutrition remain an obstacle to recovery. Preliminary results of the UNICEF-led nutrition SMART surveys show GAM prevalence between 10 and 15 per cent in Beloha and Amboasary districts, within the “high” prevalence range for wasting,according to WHO standards (10-14 per cent).
- Good rains continued to the end of season in most areas, resulting in positive production expectations in several countries.
- The high seasonal rainfall improved dam and groundwater levels, providing good water availability for irrigation over the coming seasons.
- Preliminary reports suggest the regional impact of the Fall Armyworm was not severe. However, experts advise robust, coordinated control measures for coming seasons.
The April 2017 harvest is expected to be above-average, with Tanzania, parts of Madagascar and northern Mozambique the exceptions. A good agricultural season is critical after two consecutive droughts led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity. Countries in the region continue to battle several hazards with potentially detrimental effects on food security, including an armyworm outbreak.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Rice production in 2017 forecast to fall on an annual basis, mainly reflecting dryness in main-producing areas
Imports of rice projected to rise in 2017; currency weakness expected to maintain higher rice prices
Food security conditions remained stressed in southern regions, while impact of Cyclone Enawo increased humanitarian needs
Rice production in 2017 expected below average mostly on account of poor rains in main producing areas
- Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) members Ericsson Response and emergency.lu are providing Internet connectivity to humanitarians in the two worst-affected sites: Antalaha and Maroansetra.
· March marks the peak of the lean season across many countries impacted by last year’s El Niño-induced drought (source: FEWS NET).
· The rainfall season has been continuing to bring rain to the Grand Sud. While welcome, these rains are still hampering the delivery of humanitarian assistance and the access to local markets.
· Some communities have opted for migration as a survival strategy because of the "Kere", this has affected until 35% of the population in the village of Beloha South (cumulated figure).
- Most foods are available, except cassava and sweet potato
- Domestic food prices are falling as the harvest period draws near
- Imported goods are more expensive as Cyclone Enawo has damaged roads
Dryness continues to worsen over the Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average rainfall since late February have resulted in moderate to locally strong moisture deficits, which have already negatively impacted agricultural and pastoral activities in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
• Improved vegetation conditions across Southern Africa increase likelihood of aboveaverage harvests
• USAID partners provide assistance to cyclone- and drought-affected populations
• USAID/OFDA provides nearly $1.6 million to UNICEF to help address nutrition and WASH needs in southern Madagascar
Vue d’ensemble de la situation
Le cyclone tropical intense Enawo a traversé Madagascar entre le 7 et le 10 Mars. Il est entré par le NordEst du pays à une vitesse d’environ 300 km par heure. Environ 434 000 personnes ont été sinistrées par son passage.
Le 14 Mars 2017 le Gouvernement de Madagascar a déclaré la situation d’urgence dans le pays. Les autorités nationales, notamment le Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et Catastrophes (BNGRC), coordonnent la réponse humanitaire dans les zones affectées.