Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017
On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
On 23 March, UN and partners appealed for US$20 million to assist 250,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo in Madagascar
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This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks to extend the timeframe until February 2018 to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo. The total budget has increased from 827,667 Swiss francs (577,592 Swiss francs in addition to the bilateral component of 250,075 Swiss francs from PIROI) to 937,640 Swiss francs (including a bilateral component of 250,075 Swiss francs from PIROI).
OVERVIEW OF CRISIS
Magnitude of the cyclone
Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo, a category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale, made landfall in north-eastern Madagascar’s Sava region on 7 March and then moved southward across central and south parts of the country while declining to a tropical depression before exiting the country on the morning of 10 March 2017.
Population and areas affected
UNE VUE D'ENSEMBLE DE LA CRISE
Echelle et magnitude du cyclone
Le cyclone tropical intense Enawo, cyclone de catégorie 4 sur l'échelle de Saffir-Simpson, a touché terre dans la région de SAVA (Sambava-Andapa-Vohémar-Antalaha) au nord-est de Madagascar le 7 mars 2017, puis s’est déplacé en tant que dépression tropicale vers le sud en suivant la forme d’un arc traversant le centre et le sud du pays, avant de quitter le pays dans la matinée du 10 mars.
Population et zones affectées
This Emergency Appeal is being issued on a preliminary basis and seeks 827,667 Swiss francs with an initial loan of 150,000 Swiss francs from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by Cyclone Enawo for 8 months. The response will focus on the following areas of interventions: health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); and shelter (including non-food items).