Typhoon Haima - Oct 2016
On 19 October 2016, the typhoon made landfall in Cagayan in the evening as a category 4 storm.(Gov't of the Philippines, 20 Oct 2016)
Eight deaths, all males, including two minors and an infant, have so far been attributed to this storm. These deaths all occurred from landslides in CAR. Additionally, there are two people reported missing. A total of 53,433 people were displaced in CAR and Regions I, II, III, IV-A and V, according to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD). (OCHA, 21 Oct 2016)
About 68 per cent of the 148,000 still displaced by Typhoon Haima, as of 23 October, are in Region II. There are still 36,000 people in evacuation centres and another 112,000 people who are home-based. The number of damaged or destroyed houses has risen in excess of 46,000. Damages to agriculture and fishing have exceeded PhP646 million (US$14 million) in Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR) and Region I. The Government is leading the humanitarian response and has formally declined the Humanitarian Coordinator’s offer of assistance. (OCHA, 23 Oct 2016)
As of 25 October, the total number of people displaced dropped to 37,678, according to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD). The Government’s Response pillar downgraded to “blue” alert on 23 October, indicating limited activation of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council’s Operations Center, with national agencies directly coordinating continuing relief activities. (OCHA, 25 Oct 2016)
As of 28 October, nearly 31,000 people remained displaced in Region III and Cordillera Administrative Region as a result of Typhoon Haima (4,000 people are in 20 evacuation centres and 27,000 are hosted by relatives and friends). The Government, local and international NGOs are providing assistance to the affected communities. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2016)
As of 31 October, assessments reports from far-flung areas affected by Typhoon Haima continue to come in, with some municipalities incurring damage to 100 per cent of homes. In its latest report, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) recorded more than 168,000 damaged and 29,000 destroyed houses. Over 65 per cent of the damaged homes were concentrated in Cagayan and Isabela provinces. Also hard-hit was CAR, where 18 per cent of the overall damaged and destroyed homes were located. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2016)
As of 10 November, about 31,000 people are displaced in Region III (Central Luzon) by Typhoon Haima, which hit the Philippines on 19 October. Of the total number of displaced people, 3,600 people remain inside evacuation centres in the provinces of Tarlac, Bulacan and Pampanga. Nearly 270,000 houses were destroyed, mostly in Cagayan and Isabela provinces. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) continues to lead the government’s transition to recovery, providing emergency shelter funds and cash-for-work programming to affected families. (OCHA, 14 Nov 2016)
Preliminary official estimates indicated that, as of 4 November, about 400,000 hectares of paddy, maize and high value crops (such as mango, banana, papaya, cassava and vegetables) were adversely affected by both typhoons Haima and Sarika, which hit in quick succession. The overall damage to the agriculture sector was estimated to be close to USD 234 million. However, the overall impact on 2016 cereal crops is expected to be limited. (FAO, 16 Nov 2016)
By mid-December, almost two months after Typhoon Haima struck, affected regions have shifted from emergency response to recovery. Housing, infrastructure and agricultural damage are some of the major concerns. At least 23 deaths were attributed to Typhoon Haima and more than 260,000 people were moved to evacuation centres. (OCHA, 13 Dec 2016)
On 20 December, the IFRC revised its appeal. It is now seeking 2,007,914 Swiss francs (reduced from just under 3 million Swiss francs) to support the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) in delivering assistance and support to 29,210 people (increased from 20,000 people) affected by Typhoon Haima over 10 months. The operation will focus on health; water, sanitation and hygiene; shelter; food, nutrition, and livelihoods; disaster risk reduction and National Society capacity building. Major changes include the use of cash transfer programming in the recovery phase in support of shelter and livelihoods interventions. Relief operations have continued since the onset of the disaster, focusing on food and non-food items. However, the priority has now moved to support shelter and livelihoods recovery as two of the most significantly impacted sectors. (IFRC, 20 Dec 2016)
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In 2017, rural families in the Philippines struggled to regain their livelihoods after a succession of strong typhoons, drought and conflict decimated crops, farm animals and productive assets. Missing the imminent planting season would have meant that agriculture-dependent families would have gone without income for at least three months – relying solely on food assistance.
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Working and discussion papers | October 2017 | John Twigg, Emma Lovell, Holly Schofield, Luisa Miranda Morel, Bill Flinn, Susanne Sargeant, Andrew Finlayson, Tom Dijkstra, Victoria Stephenson, Alejandra Albuerne, Tiziana Rossetto and Dina D’Ayala
17 October 2016 - Haima develops in the Pacific as a Severe Tropical Storm.
18 October - Government enforces pre-emptive evacuations in areas likely to be severely affected by the typhoon.
19 October - Tropical Cyclone Warning Signal (TCWS) number 5 – the highest – is declared over Cagayan province.
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To ensure its quick response during calamities, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) closely monitors approaching weather disturbances, prepositions family food packs (FFPs) in its Field Offices, and mobilizes quick response teams (QRTs) to conduct relief operations, when needed.
Two of the most devastating weather disturbances that hit the country in 2016 were Super Typhoon Lawin, which struck Northern Luzon in October and Typhoon Nina, which hit Southern Luzon in November.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Typhoon Haima (locally known as Lawin) made landfall over Peñablanca, Cagayan on 19 October 2016 with winds of up to 225 kilometres per hour (kph) and gusts of up to 315 kph. Haima left 14 people dead and more than 2.4 million people affected in 5 regions across Luzon.
Disaster Recovery and Rehabilitation Division
1. ESCAP and CFW for the Typhoon “Lawin”-Affected Households in CAR, Regions I, II and III:
Targets 200,624 households with damaged houses costing P2,755,713,635.00 at P30,000.00 each for households with totally damaged houses and P10,0000.00 each for those with partially damaged shelters:
A total of 161,474 households with damaged houses is targeted to avail the initial assistance of P5,000.00 each amounting to P807,370,000.00;
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Cereal production in 2017 forecast close to last year’s high level
Cereal imports in 2017/18 marketing year (July/June) forecast to expand to record level
Prices of rice generally stable in recent months
Large number of people affected by typhoons and El Niño in 2016
Cereal production in 2017 forecast close to last year’s high level
EU humanitarian aid for the Philippines:
€ Close to 75.3 million in response to natural disasters and € 25.4 million to assist victims of armed conflicts since 1997
Over € 10 million for disaster preparedness between 1998 and 2017
- € 725 000 for humanitarian assistance to displaced people in Mindanao
€ 1.5 million in humanitarian assistance to victims of Typhoon Melor
This update reduces the appeal budget from CHF 2,007,914 to CHF 1,818,879 to align the plan with financial resources anticipated to be mobilized, agreed implementation approaches and activities achievable within the timeframe. In view of the reduction in budget, corresponding revisions have been made to the Emergency Plan of Action.
13 September 2016: Typhoon Meranti (local name Ferdie) batters Batanes, in northern Philippines.
According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration 3 Nock-Ten (Nina) (PAGASA), the Philippines is prone to tropical cyclones due to its geographical location which generally produce heavy rains, flooding of large areas and also strong winds which result in heavy casualties to human life and destruction to crops and properties. On average, the country is frequented by 20 tropical cyclones annually, almost half of which made landfall.
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), under instructions from President Rodrigo R. Duterte, continues to provide support and technical assistance to local government units to hasten the implementation of the Presidential Financial Assistance (5KPFA) for the Typhoon “Yolanda”-affected households with damaged houses in Regions VI, NIR, VII and VIII.
As livelihood recovery efforts continue, farmers in the rice-producing provinces of Aurora and Nueva Ecija are optimistic that the upcoming harvest can help them rebound from the devastating impacts of Typhoon Sarika and Super Typhoon Haima (local names: Karen and Lawin).
At least 4 300 families that were able to replant their damaged farms with assistance from the Department of Agriculture (DA) are currently receiving supplemental fertilizer and other farm inputs from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
A map visual/infographic highlighting the tracks of destructive tropical cyclones, historical strong earthquakes, location of active volcanoes, active faultlines and trenches.
Three powerful typhoons ploughed across the northern Philippines in October and December 2016, striking at the heart of the most important agricultural region of the country. Typhoon Sarika struck prime rice growing areas in mid-October 2016, causing widespread flooding and wind-related crop damage. It was followed several days later by Super Typhoon Haima, which stuck further north. Finally, Super Typhoon Nock-Ten ravaged the minor producing region of Bicol southeast of the capital, Manila, on Christmas day.
At times of upheaval, pregnancy-related deaths and sexual violence increase. Reproductive health services—including prenatal care, skilled attendance at birth and emergency obstetric care—are often impacted and sometimes unavailable. Young people become more vulnerable to unsafe sex leading to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, and sexual exploitation. And many wom- en lose access to family planning services, exposing them to unwanted pregnancy in perilous conditions.
• Typhoon Nock-Ten-affected regions sustain heavy damage to agriculture and infrastructure as humanitarian actors find ways to further assist government recovery efforts.
• A Catanduanes community finds that preparedness and evacuation measures can achieve zero casualties.
• FAO augments government assistance to Typhoon Sarika and Haima-affected farmers.
• Flash flooding displaces thousands in Mindanao and Visayas.
• An inclusive dialogue with stakeholders ensures a safe and dignified return for Lumads in Mindanao.
Natural hazards and disaster events affected more than 10 million people in the Philippines in 2016. El Niño and tropical cyclones topped list of events with significant impact. For the first seven months of the year, El Niño contributed to several hundred million dollars in crop losses across the country, impacting the production of rice, vegetables and high-value crops. Thousands of farmers and their farmlands were affected. As the country entered typhoon season, drought gave way to tropical cyclones.
QUEZON CITY, Jan. 28 - The Department of Agriculture’s Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (DA-BFAR) joined hands with the provincial government of Ilocos Norte in rehabilitating the livelihood of over 600 municipal fisherfolk affected by recent calamities.
Held at the Centennial Arena of Laoag City on Wednesday, January 25, the awarding of over 10.8 million pesos worth of fishery projects and equipment was a joint effort to mend the typhoon damage to the livelihood of affected fisherfolk.
MANILA, Jan 24 2017 (IPS) - The Philippines, a tiny developing country, has joined the colossal world of space technology, building its second microsatellite that it plans to launch late this year or in early 2018 — not to study other planets, but to monitor weather patterns and climate change to protect the country’s natural resources and improve disaster risk management.