Typhoon Sarika - Oct 2016
A weather disturbance which formed earlier this week, in the sea, east of Philippines has intensified to Typhoon Sarika (local name Karen). The national meteorological agency estimates that Sarika will make landfall in the Aurora Quezon area as an equivalent of Category 2 cyclone early Sunday, 16 October. (IFRC, 15 Oct 2016)
Typhoon Sarika made landfall in the Philippines in Aurora province, eastern Luzon...on 15 October, as a strong Typhoon...It crossed Luzon swiftly, passing through the provinces of Aurora, Nueva Vizcava, Nueva Ecija and Pangasinan, losing strength but remaining a typhoon. The National Disaster Management Agency in the morning of 17 October (UTC) reported no casualties, about 200 houses damaged, minor landslides and power cuts. Around 40 000 people were preemptively evacuated and about 25 000 of them were still in shelters as of same date. (ECHO, 17 Oct 2016)
Typhoon Sarika emerged over the South China Sea a few hours after landfall in the Philippines and moved W-NW in the general direction of Hainan province of China. (ECHO, 17 Oct 2016)
As of 03 November, the official partial estimates of damage caused by both typhoons Sarika and Haima, which hit northern Luzon on 19 October, included 248 872 tonnes of lost crops. Large numbers of people are still living in temporary shelters and relying on humanitarian support. Most of the population affected by the typhoons are critically dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods and many are vulnerable to food insecurity. (FAO, 03 Nov 2016)
As of 04 November, preliminary official estimates indicated that about 400,000 hectares of paddy, maize and high value crops (such as mango, banana, papaya, cassava and vegetables) were adversely affected by both typhoons Haima and Sarika. The overall damage to the agriculture sector was estimated to be close to USD 234 million. However, the overall impact on 2016 cereal crops is expected to be limited. (FAO, 16 Nov 2016)
On 18 October, Typhoon Sarika made landfall on China's southern island of Hainan as a Category 2 typhoon with torrential rain and winds of up to 162 km/h. Nearly 500,000 people were evacuated from coastal and low-lying areas. (OCHA, 24 Oct 2016)
As of 19 October In Hainan province, more than 500 houses collapsed and more than 2,000 were damaged, according to China's Ministry of Civil Affairs. (IDMC, 19 Oct 2016)
Severe flooding triggered by heavy rainfall in the central provinces of Viet Nam has forced thousands of families to evacuate to safer grounds and left many other residents stranded without food or safe drinking water in their homes. According to local authorities, at least 21 people have died, 18 were injured, and 8 others are still missing after the floods inundated more than 27,000 houses and damaged 770 homes in the provinces of Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue and Quang Binh, which was the most impacted. Around 1,600 hectares of rice fields have been damaged and some families lost their livestock in the floods. (IFRC, 18 Oct 2016)
On 17 November, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent launched an Emergency Appeal seeking 1.4 million Swiss francs to support the Viet Nam Red Cross (VNRC) to deliver assistance and support to 30,775 people for nine months, with a focus on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); shelter (including household non-food items); disaster risk reduction and National Society capacity building. According to the IFRC, people in affected areas have inadequate access to basic hygiene and limited access to safe water and nutritional food, potentially exposing them to health risks. (IFRC, 17 Nov 2016)
The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council reports that Typhoon Sarika affected a total of 70,169 families, or 300,396 people, in six regions: I, II, III, CALABARZON, V and CAR. (IFRC, 14 Dec 2016)
On 20 December, the European Commission announced the release of € 328 000 in humanitarian aid funding to channel emergency relief to communities affected by typhoons Sarika and Haima. The aid will focus on providing assistance to meet the most pressing needs of 17 000 people in some of the worst hit provinces: Aurora, Cagayan, Catanduanes, Kalinga and Nueva Vizcaya. (ECHO, 20 Dec 2016)
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In 2017, rural families in the Philippines struggled to regain their livelihoods after a succession of strong typhoons, drought and conflict decimated crops, farm animals and productive assets. Missing the imminent planting season would have meant that agriculture-dependent families would have gone without income for at least three months – relying solely on food assistance.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE EVENT
From the middle of October until the end of December of 2016, very heavy rainfall caused by a combination of tropical depressions and the North-Eastern monsoon produced five consecutive periods of flooding in eighteen provinces in central Vietnam (North Central, South Central Coast, and the Central Highland regions), significantly affecting their people and economies.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Cereal production in 2017 forecast close to last year’s high level
Cereal imports in 2017/18 marketing year (July/June) forecast to expand to record level
Prices of rice generally stable in recent months
Large number of people affected by typhoons and El Niño in 2016
Cereal production in 2017 forecast close to last year’s high level
According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration 3 Nock-Ten (Nina) (PAGASA), the Philippines is prone to tropical cyclones due to its geographical location which generally produce heavy rains, flooding of large areas and also strong winds which result in heavy casualties to human life and destruction to crops and properties. On average, the country is frequented by 20 tropical cyclones annually, almost half of which made landfall.
As livelihood recovery efforts continue, farmers in the rice-producing provinces of Aurora and Nueva Ecija are optimistic that the upcoming harvest can help them rebound from the devastating impacts of Typhoon Sarika and Super Typhoon Haima (local names: Karen and Lawin).
At least 4 300 families that were able to replant their damaged farms with assistance from the Department of Agriculture (DA) are currently receiving supplemental fertilizer and other farm inputs from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
• Typhoon Nock-Ten-affected regions sustain heavy damage to agriculture and infrastructure as humanitarian actors find ways to further assist government recovery efforts.
• A Catanduanes community finds that preparedness and evacuation measures can achieve zero casualties.
• FAO augments government assistance to Typhoon Sarika and Haima-affected farmers.
• Flash flooding displaces thousands in Mindanao and Visayas.
• An inclusive dialogue with stakeholders ensures a safe and dignified return for Lumads in Mindanao.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Typhoons Sarika and Haima have negatively affected central and northern parts of Luzon, but overall impact on 2016 cereal crops expected to be limited
Cereal import requirements in 2016/17 marketing year (July/June) forecast to remain high
Prices of rice stable in recent months
Typhoons negatively impacted livelihoods and food security of affected households
Cereal production in 2016 forecast to recover from last year’s reduced level
This map illustrates satellite-detected potentially damaged buildings in Enrile town and surroundings, Cagayan Province, Philippines. The UNITAR-UNOSAT analysis used a Pleiades satellite image acquired on the 25 October 2016 as a post-image. The UNITAR-UNOSAT analysis identified 661 potentially damaged structures within the map extent of which 591 were identified inside the town of Enrile. This is a preliminary analysis and has not yet been validated in the field. Please send ground feedback to UNITAR - UNOSAT.
This map illustrates satellite-detected potentially damaged buildings in Alibago village, Enrile Municipality, Cagayan Province, Phillippines. The UNITAR-UNOSAT analysis used a Pleiades satellite image acquired on the 25 October 2016 as a post-image. The UNITAR-UNOSAT analysis identified 303 potentially damaged structures inside the village of Alibago. The depiction and use of village locations acquired from OSM, are not warranted to be error-free nor do they imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.
• In mid-October, the Philippines was struck by two typhoons in close succession, Sarika, a Category 4 event on 16 October and Haima, a Category 5 event on 19 October. Central and northern parts of Luzon were the most affected areas.
• Strong winds, heavy rains and localized floods caused the loss of life and severe damage to the agriculture sector, including losses of the main staple rice paddy crop, as well as of maize and other high value crops. In addition, losses were reported in the livestock and fishery sectors.
On 19 October, Category 4 Typhoon Haima (locally named Lawin) made landfall in Cagayan province. After landfall, the storm left a broad path of debris, causing flooding and landslides, and damaging about 46,000 houses. As of 24 October, authorities have confirmed eight fatalities and approximately 159,000 people remain displaced (38,000 people are staying inside evacuation centres and 121,000 people outside of evacuation centres). The Government is leading the humanitarian response and has declined an offer of international assistance.
The Philippines was hit by two typhoons in this period of time. The first typhoon, named Sarika, has damaged 12,777 houses and affected 300,386 people in the central and northern Luzon. The second typhoon, i.e. Haima, also affected about 158,000 people and caused 14 death in northern Luzon.
Flood affected 1,000 families in Palopo, South Sulawesi Province. Flood also submerged 747 houses in Luwu District.
Nearly 15,500 people were reportedly affected by flood in Nagan Raya, Aceh Province.
Typhoon Sarika (Karen) made landfall in Baler, Aurora province, at 2:30 a.m. on 16 October. It slightly weakened while crossing Central Luzon but slightly intensified as it moves away from the Philippines. As of 6am 17 October 2016, Typhoon Sarika is out of the Philippines Area of Responsibility (PAR) and all Tropical Cyclone Warning Signals (TCWS) have been lifted.
Another Tropical Cyclone (TC) is developing in the Pacific Ocean, namely Tropical Cyclone Haima. It moves West Northwest heading to the northern part of the Philippines and slightly above the track of Tropical Cyclone Sarika with wind speed peaking up to 259 kph. It is stronger than the Tropical Cyclone Sarika. Flash flood, landslide and strong wind may occur in the areas within the projected path.