Typhoon Sarika - Oct 2016
A weather disturbance which formed earlier this week, in the sea, east of Philippines has intensified to Typhoon Sarika (local name Karen). The national meteorological agency estimates that Sarika will make landfall in the Aurora Quezon area as an equivalent of Category 2 cyclone early Sunday, 16 October. (IFRC, 15 Oct 2016)
Typhoon Sarika made landfall in the Philippines in Aurora province, eastern Luzon...on 15 October, as a strong Typhoon...It crossed Luzon swiftly, passing through the provinces of Aurora, Nueva Vizcava, Nueva Ecija and Pangasinan, losing strength but remaining a typhoon. The National Disaster Management Agency in the morning of 17 October (UTC) reported no casualties, about 200 houses damaged, minor landslides and power cuts. Around 40 000 people were preemptively evacuated and about 25 000 of them were still in shelters as of same date. (ECHO, 17 Oct 2016)
Typhoon Sarika emerged over the South China Sea a few hours after landfall in the Philippines and moved W-NW in the general direction of Hainan province of China. (ECHO, 17 Oct 2016)
As of 03 November, the official partial estimates of damage caused by both typhoons Sarika and Haima, which hit northern Luzon on 19 October, included 248 872 tonnes of lost crops. Large numbers of people are still living in temporary shelters and relying on humanitarian support. Most of the population affected by the typhoons are critically dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods and many are vulnerable to food insecurity. (FAO, 03 Nov 2016)
As of 04 November, preliminary official estimates indicated that about 400,000 hectares of paddy, maize and high value crops (such as mango, banana, papaya, cassava and vegetables) were adversely affected by both typhoons Haima and Sarika. The overall damage to the agriculture sector was estimated to be close to USD 234 million. However, the overall impact on 2016 cereal crops is expected to be limited. (FAO, 16 Nov 2016)
On 18 October, Typhoon Sarika made landfall on China's southern island of Hainan as a Category 2 typhoon with torrential rain and winds of up to 162 km/h. Nearly 500,000 people were evacuated from coastal and low-lying areas. (OCHA, 24 Oct 2016)
As of 19 October In Hainan province, more than 500 houses collapsed and more than 2,000 were damaged, according to China's Ministry of Civil Affairs. (IDMC, 19 Oct 2016)
Severe flooding triggered by heavy rainfall in the central provinces of Viet Nam has forced thousands of families to evacuate to safer grounds and left many other residents stranded without food or safe drinking water in their homes. According to local authorities, at least 21 people have died, 18 were injured, and 8 others are still missing after the floods inundated more than 27,000 houses and damaged 770 homes in the provinces of Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue and Quang Binh, which was the most impacted. Around 1,600 hectares of rice fields have been damaged and some families lost their livestock in the floods. (IFRC, 18 Oct 2016)
On 17 November, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent launched an Emergency Appeal seeking 1.4 million Swiss francs to support the Viet Nam Red Cross (VNRC) to deliver assistance and support to 30,775 people for nine months, with a focus on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); shelter (including household non-food items); disaster risk reduction and National Society capacity building. According to the IFRC, people in affected areas have inadequate access to basic hygiene and limited access to safe water and nutritional food, potentially exposing them to health risks. (IFRC, 17 Nov 2016)
The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council reports that Typhoon Sarika affected a total of 70,169 families, or 300,396 people, in six regions: I, II, III, CALABARZON, V and CAR. (IFRC, 14 Dec 2016)
On 20 December, the European Commission announced the release of € 328 000 in humanitarian aid funding to channel emergency relief to communities affected by typhoons Sarika and Haima. The aid will focus on providing assistance to meet the most pressing needs of 17 000 people in some of the worst hit provinces: Aurora, Cagayan, Catanduanes, Kalinga and Nueva Vizcaya. (ECHO, 20 Dec 2016)
Maps & Infographics
According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration 3 Nock-Ten (Nina) (PAGASA), the Philippines is prone to tropical cyclones due to its geographical location which generally produce heavy rains, flooding of large areas and also strong winds which result in heavy casualties to human life and destruction to crops and properties. On average, the country is frequented by 20 tropical cyclones annually, almost half of which made landfall.
This map illustrates satellite-detected potentially damaged buildings in Enrile town and surroundings, Cagayan Province, Philippines. The UNITAR-UNOSAT analysis used a Pleiades satellite image acquired on the 25 October 2016 as a post-image. The UNITAR-UNOSAT analysis identified 661 potentially damaged structures within the map extent of which 591 were identified inside the town of Enrile. This is a preliminary analysis and has not yet been validated in the field. Please send ground feedback to UNITAR - UNOSAT.
This map illustrates satellite-detected potentially damaged buildings in Alibago village, Enrile Municipality, Cagayan Province, Phillippines. The UNITAR-UNOSAT analysis used a Pleiades satellite image acquired on the 25 October 2016 as a post-image. The UNITAR-UNOSAT analysis identified 303 potentially damaged structures inside the village of Alibago. The depiction and use of village locations acquired from OSM, are not warranted to be error-free nor do they imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.
Within the span of a week, powerful back-to-back typhoons pummeled the Philippines in October. First, Typhoon Sarika made landfall over Luzon on October 15, 2016. Then Typhoon Haima hit the island four days later.
HAIMA is moving over the Philippine Sea, significantly strengthening and becoming a very intense Typhoon, heading towards north-eastern Luzon. On 19 October at 06.00 UTC it had max. sustained winds of 250 km/h and its centre was about 230 km southeast-east of Isabela province.
Tropical Cyclone SARIKA (“KAREN”)
Another Tropical Cyclone (TC) is developing in the Pacific Ocean, namely Tropical Cyclone Haima. It moves West Northwest heading to the northern part of the Philippines and slightly above the track of Tropical Cyclone Sarika with wind speed peaking up to 259 kph. It is stronger than the Tropical Cyclone Sarika. Flash flood, landslide and strong wind may occur in the areas within the projected path.
• Tropical Cyclone SARIKA (named KAREN in the Philippines) is strengthening, heading towards eastern Luzon. On 14 October at 06.00 UTC it had max. sustained winds of 83 km/h (Tropical Storm) and its centre was about 230 km east of Catanduanes.
1) BERMUDA - TC NICOLE
TC NICOLE continued moving north-east over the north-western Atlantic Ocean, strengthening. On 13 October at 9.00 UTC its centre was located approx. 165 km south-west of Bermuda island and had max. sustained wind speed of 213 km/h ( Category 4 Hurricane).
PDC is closely monitoring Tropical Storm Sarika as it approaches the Philippines. According to JTWC on 13OCT16 2100UTC, Sarika was located approximately 426 NM East of Manila, Philippines, and has tracked west-northwestward at 5 knots over the past six hours. The latest warning reports max sustained winds of 35 KT, gusts reaching 45 KT. Maximum significant wave height is 18 feet.