Hurricane Matthew - Sep 2016
As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 100,000 in March 2017 and more than 900,000 people since October 2016, and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April. With this transition, WFP will implement targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and supplementary feeding programme to prevent chronic malnutrition in children in Grande Anse and Nippes during the lean season from April to June. (WFP 31 Mar 2017)
The Haitian Red Cross Society set up an online platform for information management with support from the IFRC Information Management (IM) Team. This platform is built for information and documents dissemination: Operation: Hurricane Matthew Dashboard. Initially dedicated to common vulnerability analysis, monitoring process and evaluation for all members of the RCRCM, the platform evolved to serve operational and coordination purposes. The backend tool also helped to define the budget and human resources (stored job descriptions) for each sector. Furthermore, the sectors of intervention that have been retained for the recovery phase of the operation (Health, WASH, Shelter, and Livelihoods) are planned and will be implemented in an integrated manner. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2017)
As of 03 June, areas worst affected by the passage of Hurricane Matthew are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through June 2017. Starting in July, harvests of Printemps crops, associated seasonal declines in staple food prices, and agricultural labor income are expected to improve food security outcomes. Between June and September, most areas of the country will face Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes, while certain households will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in parts of the southern peninsula, upper Artibonite, and Sud-Est Department. (FEWS, 03 June 2017)
As of July 2017, 1.4 million people among the 2.1 million affected by Hurricane Matthew are still in need of humanitarian assistance. (OCHA, 3 Aug 2017)
- Aruba (The Netherlands)
- Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands)
- Curaçao (The Netherlands)
- Dominican Republic
- Puerto Rico (The United States of America)
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- United States of America
- Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of emergencies in the region.
Depuis le tremblement de terre dévastateur de 2010 en Haïti, cette île des Caraïbes n'a pas été épargné par des évènements climatiques extrêmes tels que Sandy, Matthew, ou encore Maria. Sa situation géographique, entre la mer des Caraïbes et l'océan Atlantique la rend vulnérable à ces aléas climatiques et qui, selon les experts, devraient devenir de plus en plus fréquents dans les années à venir.
Since its inception over ten years ago, the Global Nutrition Cluster (GNC) has progressed from its early focus on the development of technical tools and materials and filling research gaps to a much greater emphasis on strengthening country coordination and providing surge support to secure appropriate and high-quality nutrition programming in emergency contexts.
On 11 January, the Humanitarian Country Team in collaboration with the Ministry of Planning and External Cooperation launched the revised Multi-Year Humanitarian Response Plan (2017-2018). In support of the Government response, the plan requires $252 million to provide critical life-saving, protection and livelihoods assistance to 2.2 million Haitians out of an estimated 2.8 million people in need.
François Grünewald and Véronique de Geoffroy
Port-au-Prince- jeudi 11 janvier 2018- Le Gouvernement Haïtien et la communauté humanitaire ont lancé aujourd´hui un appel de fonds de 252,2 millions de dollars en vue de répondre aux besoins humanitaires urgents de 2,2 millions de personnes à travers le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire révisé 2017-2018 (phase 2018.
ÉVOLUTION DE LA CRISE
EN UN COUP D’ŒIL
Ubicados en el asentamiento poblacional de La Máquina, son una solución estatal que beneficiará a 36 familias damnificadas por el huracán Matthew
MAISÍ, Guantánamo.— Dos edificios de apartamentos, erigidos en este montañoso municipio con la contribución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, se encuentran listos para su entrega a familias que perdieron sus casas al paso del huracán Matthew.
La campagne agricole de printemps de 2017 a été caractérisée par des précipitations mal réparties et en quantité insuffisante. Il s’agit donc de la quatrième campagne consécutive depuis 2014 qui s’écarte significativement de la tendance des précipitations à long terme.
BALTIMORE, Dec. 20, 2017 - Lutheran World Relief (LWR), an international NGO working to develop sustainable solutions to poverty, has released its 2018 Early Warning Forecast of regions it is monitoring for potential or worsening humanitarian crises over the coming year: 11 Humanitarian Hotspots for the World to Watch
Ambassador Daniel V. Speckhard, LWR president & CEO, noted that armed conflict is a thread running through the world's current crises.
The following article is based on a study on aid localisation during the response to Hurricane Matthew which struck Haiti in October 2016. It draws on a series of interviews carried out in Haiti in May and June 2017. It presents how and why aid localisation is seen as a way of increasing resilience. It also analyses certain limits that were observed.
Au cours de l’année 2017, la France a mobilisé en Haïti près d’1,7 millions d’euros d’aide alimentaire dont 1,5M€ ont été reversé au Comité Interministériel d’Aide Alimentaire (CIAA) en réponse à l’ouragan Matthew du 3 au 4 octobre 2016. L’Ambassade de France continue également d’appuyer le Programme National des Cantines Scolaires (PNCS).
Ces crédits ont notamment permis de réaliser des actions significatives telles que :
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Three quarters of the population lives on less than $2 per day, making Haiti extremely vulnerable to price spikes in the global food market as well as natural disasters.
Haiti remains susceptible to environmental shocks, such as Hurricane Matthew in October 2016 and Hurricanes Irma and Maria in 2017, whose impacts continue to drive food insecurity across the country.
Port-au-Prince, mardi 21 novembre 2017 – Le Ministère de l’Agriculture, des ressources naturelles et du développement rural (MARNDR) avec ces partenaires financiers et technique, Le Fonds international pour le développement agricole (FIDA) et le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) ont conjointement lancé, dans la plaine de Baconnois le mardi 21 novembre 2017, les travaux du projet de développement de la petite irrigation et de l’accès aux marchés dans les Nippes et la région Goâvienne (PPI-3).
Pays nécessitant une aide alimentaire extérieure
(MissionNewswire) Salesian missionaries with the National School of Arts and Crafts (ENAM) have partnered with Les Cereales d’Haiti, S.A., a mid-sized organization in the grain industry in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, to develop a 10-month training course for young bakers. This partnership brings the first vocational training school for bakers to Haiti and will allow participants to acquire skills needed for their future employment.
The 2017 spring agricultural season was characterized by unfavourable distribution and quantity of rainfall, making it the fourth consecutive season since 2014 that significantly deviates from the long-term precipitation pattern.
Domestic food availability in 2017 is estimated at 550 000 tonnes, about 3.5 percent less than in 2016 and almost 6 percent below average. The decline is essentially due to lower outputs for both maize and sorghum.