Hurricane Matthew - Sep 2016Ongoing
As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 100,000 in March 2017 and more than 900,000 people since October 2016, and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April. With this transition, WFP will implement targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and supplementary feeding programme to prevent chronic malnutrition in children in Grande Anse and Nippes during the lean season from April to June. (WFP 31 Mar 2017)
The Haitian Red Cross Society set up an online platform for information management with support from the IFRC Information Management (IM) Team. This platform is built for information and documents dissemination: Operation: Hurricane Matthew Dashboard. Initially dedicated to common vulnerability analysis, monitoring process and evaluation for all members of the RCRCM, the platform evolved to serve operational and coordination purposes. The backend tool also helped to define the budget and human resources (stored job descriptions) for each sector. Furthermore, the sectors of intervention that have been retained for the recovery phase of the operation (Health, WASH, Shelter, and Livelihoods) are planned and will be implemented in an integrated manner. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2017)
As of 03 June, areas worst affected by the passage of Hurricane Matthew are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through June 2017. Starting in July, harvests of Printemps crops, associated seasonal declines in staple food prices, and agricultural labor income are expected to improve food security outcomes. Between June and September, most areas of the country will face Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes, while certain households will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in parts of the southern peninsula, upper Artibonite, and Sud-Est Department. (FEWS, 03 June 2017)
ACTED teams in Haiti have been implementing emergency water access solutions, by installing water chlorination points and water treatment plants in the areas most at risk, and by distributing water treatment tablets (Aquatabs). These emergency measures enabled to ensure access to treated water and reduce risks to human health. This contributed to stem the cholera epidemic, which has now almost disappeared from the South and Grand’Anse department, the two most affected areas. Nine months after Hurricane Matthew, the priority is to strengthen a sustainable access to safe water. In address the constraints the populations are facing in accessing water and the potential health consequences, ACTED is thus working on the construction of a new water supply system in Jérémie city (ACTED, 11 Jul 2017)
As of July 2017, OCHA states that 1.4 million people among the 2.1 million affected by Hurricane Matthew are still in need of humanitarian assistance. (OCHA, 3 Aug 2017)
- Aruba (The Netherlands)
- Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands)
- Curaçao (The Netherlands)
- Dominican Republic
- Puerto Rico (The United States of America)
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- United States of America
- Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Press Release Number: 06/2017
Work progresses to upgrade Haiti’s hydromet service
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Regional Association for North America, Central America and the Caribbean (RAIV) has held its four-yearly session with a focus on how to improve early warnings, disaster risk reduction and climate resilience.
74 350 personnes assistées
550 000 individus ciblés dans l’appel éclair
370 000 personnes ayant des besoins humanitaires continus pour 2017
Le groupe Relèvement Rapide et Moyens de Subsistance et ses partenaires ont pu assister 74 350 individus sur les 550 000 personnes ciblées dans le cadre de l’appel éclair lancé en octobre 2016.
Relance économique et emplois d’urgence
Situation d'urgence dans la Grand'Anse: près de 43 pour cent de la population serait touchée.
La Grand' Anse n'a eu de cesse d'interpeler plus d'un, quant à la situation qui y a prévalu depuis le passage de Matthew. La sécurité alimentaire s'est détériorée drastiquement au point que le département en entier a été classé en phase trois (Crise), suivant l'analyse IPC (classification intégrée de la sécurité alimentaire) réalisée en janvier dernier par la CNSA, en collaboration avec ses partenaires nationaux et internationaux.
Le monde doit aujourd’hui répondre à un appel à la mobilisation sans précédent face à la situation de quatre pays menacés par la famine, et à la demande croissante d’aide humanitaire et de résilience. Dans ce contexte, il est de la plus haute importance d’informer la communauté de la sécurité alimentaire à l’échelle mondiale et nationale, quant au risque de crises alimentaires et à la sévérité de ces crises. Les parties prenantes ont largement investi dans l’analyse de la sécurité alimentaire et les systèmes d’alerte précoce afin de mieux prévenir et répondre aux crises alimentaires.
The European Union, FAO and WFP have joined forces with FEWS NET, UNICEF and regional organisations like CILSS, IGAD and SICA to coordinate needs assessment to increase the impact of humanitarian and resilience responses through the preparation of the “Global Report on Food Crises”. This Global Report aims to enhance coordination and decision making through a neutral analysis that informs programming and implementation.
Port Salut – The Norwegian Ambassador, Ingrid Mollestad is visiting Southern Haiti to support green recovery and environmental rehabilitation efforts carried out by Haitian institutions with the support of UN Environment and International Labor Organization, in the wake of the devastating passage of Hurricane Matthew.
Este reporte ha sido elaborado desde la Oficina de la Coordinadora Residente del Sistema de Naciones Unidas en Cuba. Cubre el período de las 14:00 del 3 de marzo a las 14:00 del 16 de marzo (hora local). El siguiente reporte será emitido el 30 de marzo de 2017.
El huracán destruyó el 67 por ciento del patrimonio forestal de la provincia de Guantánamo, donde las plantaciones de cacao, coco y café, principales renglones económicos del territorio, sufrieron graves afectaciones.
This report is produced by the Office of the Resident Coordinator, United Nations System in Cuba. It covers the period from March 3, 14:00 to 14:00 to March 16 (local time). The next report will be issued on or around March 30, 2017.
The hurricane destroyed 67% of the forest heritage in the province of Guantanamo and the cocoa, coconut, and coffee plantations – main sources of livelihood in the region – suffered severe damages.
Cubadebate - Familias campesinas del oriente de Cuba agradecieron al Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD) la entrega de recursos a fin contrarrestar los estragos que provocó el huracán Matthew.
Funcionarios del PNUD recorrieron localidades afectadas en Guantánamo, donde dialogaron con vecinos de la comunidad cafetalera de Lavadero y con autoridades del gobierno provincial y de los municipios de Maisí y San Antonio del Sur.