Hurricane Matthew - Sep 2016
As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 100,000 in March 2017 and more than 900,000 people since October 2016, and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April. With this transition, WFP will implement targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and supplementary feeding programme to prevent chronic malnutrition in children in Grande Anse and Nippes during the lean season from April to June. (WFP 31 Mar 2017)
The Haitian Red Cross Society set up an online platform for information management with support from the IFRC Information Management (IM) Team. This platform is built for information and documents dissemination: Operation: Hurricane Matthew Dashboard. Initially dedicated to common vulnerability analysis, monitoring process and evaluation for all members of the RCRCM, the platform evolved to serve operational and coordination purposes. The backend tool also helped to define the budget and human resources (stored job descriptions) for each sector. Furthermore, the sectors of intervention that have been retained for the recovery phase of the operation (Health, WASH, Shelter, and Livelihoods) are planned and will be implemented in an integrated manner. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2017)
As of 03 June, areas worst affected by the passage of Hurricane Matthew are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through June 2017. Starting in July, harvests of Printemps crops, associated seasonal declines in staple food prices, and agricultural labor income are expected to improve food security outcomes. Between June and September, most areas of the country will face Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes, while certain households will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in parts of the southern peninsula, upper Artibonite, and Sud-Est Department. (FEWS, 03 June 2017)
As of July 2017, 1.4 million people among the 2.1 million affected by Hurricane Matthew are still in need of humanitarian assistance. (OCHA, 3 Aug 2017)
- Aruba (The Netherlands)
- Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands)
- Curaçao (The Netherlands)
- Dominican Republic
- Puerto Rico (The United States of America)
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- United States of America
- Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
40 million meals were distributed to 400,000 school children across Haiti during school year 2016/2017
The number of children receiving a daily hot meal at school in the 2017/2018 school year will have to be reduced from 400,000 to 350,000 starting in September 2017 if no further funding is received
Agreement was reached to integrate 460,000 people from UNDP’s database into Ministry of Social Affairs’ Information System (SIMAST)
WFP finalised its emergency operation for the populations assisted by hurricane Matthew in eastern Cuba, benefitting 182,000 people.
WFP is working with government counterparts to promote nutrition for vulnerable groups and support behavioral change and nutrition education in schools.
WFP supports the strengthening of agricultural value chains by organizing service fairs to bring together producers and service providers.
• 6,776 haïtiens ont été déportés de la République dominicaine en juillet 2017.
• Baisse importante des cas de choléra grâce à une réponse plus efficace et coordonnée des acteurs.
• Dialogue entre acteurs humanitaires et autorités locales dans le Sud et la Grand’Anse.
# de déplacés dans 27 camps du séisme de 2010 (juin 2017) Source : DTM 37 867
Cas suspects cumulatifs de cholera : jan-juil. Source : MSPP/DELR 8 354
• 6,776 Haitians were officially deported from the Dominican Republic in July 2017
• Significant reduction in cholera cases through a more effective and coordinated response of humanitarian actors
• Dialogue between humanitarian actors and local authorities in the departments of Sud and Grand'Anse
# of IDPs still living in 27 camps since the 2010 earthquake (June 2017)
Source : DTM 37 867
Le contexte humanitaire en Haïti est marqué par la poursuite de l’augmentation des cas de déportation des haïtiens depuis la République dominicaine. Au cours du mois de juillet 2017, 6 776 personnes ont été officiellement déporté soit une augmentation de 48% par rapport au mois précédent (juin 2017). Parallèlement, 37,967 déplacés internes sont encore hébergés dans 27 camps suite au tremblement de terre de janvier 2010. Le manque de financement handicape encore la conclusion des programmes de relocation.
The humanitarian context in Haiti is marked by the continued increase in the number of cases of deportation of Haitians from the Dominican Republic. In July 2017, 6,776 people were officially deported, an increase of 48% from the previous month (June 2017). At the same time, 37,967 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are still lodged in 27 camps following the January 2010 earthquake. Lack of funding still hampers the conclusion of the relocations programs.
The Country Office held a retreat to review the school meals model and develop a roadmap for school year 2017-2018.
Cuban experts visited Haiti from 18 to 25 of June in the context of a south/south technical exchange of experience for disaster risk reduction closing the first phase of the Forecast based Financing project started in 2015.
Recovery interventions in Hurricane affected areas
WFP is providing food and logistical assistance to the populations affected by Hurricane Matthew in eastern Cuba.
WFP is working with government counterparts to promote nutrition for vulnerable groups and support behavior change and nutrition education in schools.
WFP is adapting and testing a self-evaluation tool for cooperatives to assess and improve their management and contribute to national food security.
BY: MINA REMY
Haiti remains the only low-income country in the Americas. Three quarters of the population lives on less than $2 per day, making Haiti extremely vulnerable to price spikes in the global food market.
In addition to experiencing its third consecutive year of drought, Haiti was hit by Hurricane Matthew—the strongest registered hurricane in a decade—in October 2016. More than six months later, the storm’s impact continues to drive elevated levels of food insecurity in the worst-affected communities.
En 1997, le Groupe URD s’institutionnalisait et faisait le pari qu’il était possible d’installer le premier think tank français de l’humanitaire dans une ferme en Drôme provençale. Pari gagné, comme vous pourrez le voir dans ce rapport d’activité. Cette année 2016 a été celle du premier Sommet humanitaire mondial, occasion pour le Groupe URD de porter au plus haut niveau les propositions qu’il développe depuis plus de 20 ans et de jouer un rôle actif à différents niveaux.
In 1997, Groupe URD became an official organisation and embarked on the journey to establish the first French humanitarian think tank in a farm in the South of France. It was quite a gamble, but as can be seen in the 2016 Annual Report, it paid off. 2016 was the year of the first World Humanitarian Summit.
Haiti continues to be affected by a convergence of humanitarian needs further worsened by hurricane Matthew. UNICEF and its partners continue to respond to humanitarian needs including in hurricane-affected areas.
Achievements in the first half of 2017 include the following:
El Fondo de Reserva fue activado en el segundo trimestre de 2017 y tres proyectos se aprobaron para atender emergencias súbitas, en los municipios de Riosucio, Tumaco y Saravena, ubicados en departamentos priorizados por el HRP, de igual forma, responden a los objetivos del Equipo Humanitario de País (EHP), a las estrategias específicas de cada Clúster y a los lineamientos del Fondo Humanitario de Colombia.
In Grande Anse, the (International Organization for Migration (IOM) project funded by the Directorate General of Civil Protection and European Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) is helping to repair roofs damaged by Hurricane Matthew as well as train carpenters in para-cyclonic construction techniques. We met Renaud while he was repairing the house of Illusse in Dame Marie.
Impact of Climate Change & Exposure to Disasters
Dame Marie, June 14, 2017, Pierre 14 years, Lovedaica 10 years and Divins 8 years play on the deck of a small colorful house located on the main road along the sea. Ena, their mother, greets us at the doorstep. "Welcome to our new home," she says cheerfully. The dwelling is composed of a space with a kitchen, a bedroom and a latrine.
The present report is submitted pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 2016/28 and highlights the main findings of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti following its visits to Washington, D.C., in March 2017, during which members met with the international financial institutions and regional actors, and to Haiti, in May 2017, during which members interacted with a number of senior government and legislative officials, representatives of the United Nations system and private sector and civil society actors.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster