Hurricane Matthew - Sep 2016
As of 1100 EST on 3 October, Category 4 Hurricane Matthew was some 330 km south-east from Kingston (Jamaica) and 440 km south-west from Port-au-Prince (Haiti) in the Caribbean Sea, moving north-west at 9 km/h, with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h, according to the National Hurricane Center (NOAA). Hurricane-force winds extend outwards up to 55 km from the centre and tropical-storm-force winds extend outwards up to 295 km. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2016)
The powerful Hurricane Matthew directly impacted Cuba during eight hours from late afternoon on October 4th until the early morning of October 5th, with a strength of category 4 hurricane according to the Saffir-Simpson scale. First estimates indicate that 1,079,000 people are affected, and that 176,000 people are isolated in the province of Guantánamo. (UNCT, 5 Oct 2016)
In Haiti, media reports are emerging of more than 100 deaths by 6 October, as teams begin to reach isolated communities. UNOSAT analysis of the affected areas indicates more than 1 million people may have been affected by the hurricane-force winds and rain, while the Haitian Civil Protection Agency reports that 350,000 people need assistance. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2016)
On 10 October, the Flash Appeal seeking US$119 million was launched. According to the Haitian Ministry of Interior, more than 19% of the Haitian population -2,1 million persons- has been affected by the hurricane and more than 12% -1,4 million persons- are in need of urgent assistance in different departments of the country, and more specially in the South and in the Grand’Anse departments. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2016)
Six months after Hurricane Matthew, WFP is phasing out its emergency response operation which reached more than 100,000 in March 2017 and more than 900,000 people since October 2016, and is planning the transition to recovery programming starting in April. With this transition, WFP will implement targeted seasonal food assistance for 127,000 people and supplementary feeding programme to prevent chronic malnutrition in children in Grande Anse and Nippes during the lean season from April to June. (WFP 31 Mar 2017)
The Haitian Red Cross Society set up an online platform for information management with support from the IFRC Information Management (IM) Team. This platform is built for information and documents dissemination: Operation: Hurricane Matthew Dashboard. Initially dedicated to common vulnerability analysis, monitoring process and evaluation for all members of the RCRCM, the platform evolved to serve operational and coordination purposes. The backend tool also helped to define the budget and human resources (stored job descriptions) for each sector. Furthermore, the sectors of intervention that have been retained for the recovery phase of the operation (Health, WASH, Shelter, and Livelihoods) are planned and will be implemented in an integrated manner. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2017)
As of 03 June, areas worst affected by the passage of Hurricane Matthew are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through June 2017. Starting in July, harvests of Printemps crops, associated seasonal declines in staple food prices, and agricultural labor income are expected to improve food security outcomes. Between June and September, most areas of the country will face Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes, while certain households will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in parts of the southern peninsula, upper Artibonite, and Sud-Est Department. (FEWS, 03 June 2017)
As of July 2017, 1.4 million people among the 2.1 million affected by Hurricane Matthew are still in need of humanitarian assistance. (OCHA, 3 Aug 2017)
- Aruba (The Netherlands)
- Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands)
- Curaçao (The Netherlands)
- Dominican Republic
- Puerto Rico (The United States of America)
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- United States of America
- Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Au cours de l’année 2017, la France a mobilisé en Haïti près d’1,7 millions d’euros d’aide alimentaire dont 1,5M€ ont été reversé au Comité Interministériel d’Aide Alimentaire (CIAA) en réponse à l’ouragan Matthew du 3 au 4 octobre 2016. L’Ambassade de France continue également d’appuyer le Programme National des Cantines Scolaires (PNCS).
Ces crédits ont notamment permis de réaliser des actions significatives telles que :
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Three quarters of the population lives on less than $2 per day, making Haiti extremely vulnerable to price spikes in the global food market as well as natural disasters.
Haiti remains susceptible to environmental shocks, such as Hurricane Matthew in October 2016 and Hurricanes Irma and Maria in 2017, whose impacts continue to drive food insecurity across the country.
Port-au-Prince, mardi 21 novembre 2017 – Le Ministère de l’Agriculture, des ressources naturelles et du développement rural (MARNDR) avec ces partenaires financiers et technique, Le Fonds international pour le développement agricole (FIDA) et le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) ont conjointement lancé, dans la plaine de Baconnois le mardi 21 novembre 2017, les travaux du projet de développement de la petite irrigation et de l’accès aux marchés dans les Nippes et la région Goâvienne (PPI-3).
Pays nécessitant une aide alimentaire extérieure
(MissionNewswire) Salesian missionaries with the National School of Arts and Crafts (ENAM) have partnered with Les Cereales d’Haiti, S.A., a mid-sized organization in the grain industry in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, to develop a 10-month training course for young bakers. This partnership brings the first vocational training school for bakers to Haiti and will allow participants to acquire skills needed for their future employment.
The 2017 spring agricultural season was characterized by unfavourable distribution and quantity of rainfall, making it the fourth consecutive season since 2014 that significantly deviates from the long-term precipitation pattern.
Domestic food availability in 2017 is estimated at 550 000 tonnes, about 3.5 percent less than in 2016 and almost 6 percent below average. The decline is essentially due to lower outputs for both maize and sorghum.
Strong cereal harvests are keeping global food supplies buoyant, but localised drought, flooding and protracted conflicts have intensified and perpetuated food insecurity, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report. Some 37 countries, 29 of which are in Africa, require external assistance for food, according to the report.
Des conditions stables sauf dans les zones affectées par les aléas climatiques
Haïti-Agriculture : Les initiatives de 11 organisations de producteurs ruraux retiennent l’attention des bailleurs
Cayes, 29 nov. 2017 [AlterPresse] --- Onze projets agricoles de stockage, de transformation et de commercialisation du maïs, du manioc, de l’arachide et du riz, portés par des Organisations de producteurs ruraux (Opr) du Sud viennent de recevoir un financement dans le cadre du Projet de Renforcement des Services Publics Agricoles (RESEPAG II), apprend AlterPresse.
Port-Salut, le 14 novembre 2017 — Le Ministère de l’Environnement replante la mangrove de St Jean du Sud /Abacou.
Les années 2015 et 2016 ont été marquées par une longue période de sécheresse ayant affecté presque tout le pays. Le pays commençait à peine à se remettre des conséquences de la sécheresse quand la péninsule sud du pays a été frappée sévèrement en octobre 2016 par le passage du cyclone Matthew. D’un autre côté, au niveau de la région nord du pays, des inondations localisées ont été enregistrées au cours de mois de novembre 2016.
In September 2017, Haiti witnessed the passage of Hurricane Irma and Maria. Even though the impacts of the hurricanes were less than expected, they still reminded the humanitarian community of the vulnerability of Haiti to natural disasters. The IPC report for the period of October 2017 to February 2018 revealed that about 1.32 million people are facing severe acute food insecurity. The Department of Nord-Est, one of the departments most affected by hurricanes Irma and Maria, was classified in crisis phase.
After years of being shielded from deportation from the United States while their country recovers from a devastating 2010 earthquake, tens of thousands of Haitians will lose that security status.
"It was assessed overall that the extraordinary but temporary conditions that served as the basis of Haiti's most recent designation has sufficiently improved such that they no longer prevent nationals of Haiti from returning safely," a senior Trump administration official said during a briefing.
Between now and the end of the lean season expected mid-2018, more than 1.3 million individuals, representing nearly 18% of the population, will face severe food insecurity according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification analysis (October 2017) and struggle to ensure a minimal food intake. They require immediate assistance to cover their basic food needs.
Due to its geographical location, the Dominican Republic is highly prone to the impacts of natural hazards, which, in combination with the existing underlying factors of widespread inequality and impoverishment, result all too often in disaster. As a consequence, the country is faced with large scale disaster-induced displacements on a recurrent basis. Addressing protection as a key element of disaster risk management – at national, provincial, municipal and community level – is imperative in the quest to safeguard human rights during these emergency situations.
12 mois après Matthew beaucoup a été fait par tous les partenaires relativement aux moyens disponibles.Mais l’enjeux principal reste encore celui de la réponse aux besoins des ménages ayant totalement perdu leur maison et se trouvant encore dans de conditions très précaires.
1.346.363: PERSONNES AFFECTEES
237.414: MAISONS AFFECTEES
DONT 103.907: HABITATIONS TOTALEMENT DETRUITES
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haïti, le 10 novembre 2017 - Plus d’un an après le passage dévastateur de l’ouragan Matthew en Haïti, le Ministère de l’Intérieur et des Collectivités Territoriales, le Comité Interministériel d'Aménagement du Territoire et la Banque mondiale ont rendu publics le premier atlas des risques naturels et une plateforme de données ouverte Haitidata.org.
On October 4, 2016, Hurricane Matthew passed through Haiti and significantly impacted its southern peninsula. The Category 4 hurricane caused 546 casualties, extensive damage and affected more than 2.1 million people.
Climate Risk Index shows vulnerability of small island states
Increased intensity of storms takes a toll on small island states and poor countries / Since 1997, over 520,000 people have been killed by more than 11,000 extreme weather events