Tropical Cyclone Winston - Feb 2016
On 20 and 21 February Category 5 Severe Tropical Cyclone Winston cut a path of destruction across Fiji. The Fiji Government estimates almost 350,000 people living in the cyclone’s path could have been affected (180,000 men and 170,000 women). The Fiji Government is leading the response to this emergency. The National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) is coordinating efforts and has activated National and Divisional Emergency Operations Centres (EOCs). A 30-day State of Natural Disaster has been declared and will expire on March 21. At least 42 people have been confirmed dead. Some 56,000 people are currently sheltering in evacuation centres. (OCHA, 29 Feb 2016)
In Tonga, local media reported approximately 2,500 people inside evacuation centres, with 10 houses destroyed and another 200 damaged. (ECHO, 19 Feb 2016)
On 29 February, the IFRC launched an Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 7 million on a preliminary basis to support the Fiji Red Cross Society (FRCS) to deliver assistance and support to some 38,500 people for 12 months. (IFRC, 29 Feb 2016)
On 21 March, the Government of Fiji extended the State of Natural Disaster in the areas severely affected by the cyclone until 19 April. The Government has revised the number of houses damaged by the cyclone to 32,000, increasing the estimated number of people in need of shelter assistance to 150,000. (OCHA, 23 Mar 2016)
The number of people in evacuation centres has been significantly reduced from 54,000 on 3 March to 337 on 31 March. Of the 26 active evacuation centres, 20 are located on Ovalau in Lomaiviti Province. Several clusters have raised concerns about the required assistance reaching people who had left the centres. A total of 24,800 emergency shelter items have been distributed out of which 11,000 are tents, tarpaulins or shelter kits. However, significant gaps remain in the support to self-recovery phase with no core shelter interventions reported or planned, and only 500 households out of 7,500 targeted having received hardware materials, tools and fixing kits for shelter repairs. (OCHA, 31 Mar 2016)
The cyclone damaged at least 495 schools, 88 health facilities, disrupted basic public services and destroyed crops and livelihoods. According to the post-disaster needs assessment jointly prepared by the government and development partners, total damage and losses from Winston are estimated at $1.42 billion — equivalent to 31% of gross domestic product. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) announced that it will provide a $50 million emergency assistance loan to the Government of Fiji for short-term financing of disaster recovery reconstruction programs, including school rehabilitation and housing assistance. (ADB, 30 Jun 2016).
Appeals & Funding
- Fiji: Tropical Cyclone Winston Response & Flash Appeal: Final Summary, 13 Jun 2016
- Fiji Flash Appeal: Tropical Cyclone Winston, Feb-May 2016
- IOM Flash appeal Fiji: Tropical Cyclone Winston, 8 Mar 2016
This update extends the operation’s timeframe by one month, until 30 September 2017. The extension is to allow for the clearance of outstanding National Society working advance and the reconciliation of the appeal budget with expenses recorded. An Operations Update will be issued in late September to reflect the revision of plan of action.
All programmatic implementation has been completed. The final evaluation will be carried out in late October and the findings will be reflected in the Final Report expected by 31 December 2017.
Schools recognized for ensuring water and sanitation facilities are working, accessible and for encouraging healthy hygiene habits even after disasters
SUVA, 9 August 2017 –Seventeen schools in the Western Division of Fiji were recognized today for ensuring children have access to safe water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) facilities in their learning environment.
Since the year 2000, disasters have been responsible for the loss of one million lives.
As one of the world’s largest humanitarian aid organisations, CARE is one of the first to respond and the last to leave when disaster strikes. But there’s also a lot of work that we do preparing communities for disaster, to reduce their impact.
Today’s global challenges continue to grow. We currently have five ongoing emergencies ranked at the highest level of operational complexity and urgency in Iraq, Nigeria, South Sudan, in the Syria region and Yemen. While the majority of these are conflict emergencies, the frequency of natural disasters is also on the rise – with Cyclone Winston hitting Fiji in February 2016 and Hurricane Matthew striking Haiti last October. The need to strengthen preparedness and resilience is becoming more and more critical.
The year 2015 marked the 10th anniversary of the Global Shelter Cluster, the inter-agency coordination mechanism for shelter response. During these ten years, coordination has improved in consistency, shelter responses have grown in scale, and there are more people with experience in shelter programming, but people continue to lose their dwellings and be displaced due to conflict and natural disasters. Global humanitarian shelter needs continue to greatly exceed the capacity and resources to respond.
When disaster strikes, Vanuatu businesses can provide, store and distribute relief supplies through a single procurement system.
When Tropical Cyclone Pam hit Vanuatu in 2015, it was one of the worst disasters to ever hit the Pacific region. The Category 5 Cyclone left 75,000 people in need of emergency shelter.
One year later Cyclone Winston slammed into Fiji. Its 225mph winds demolished structures all across the main island. Another Category 5 cyclone, Winston left 44 people dead and was the strongest on record to make landfall anywhere in the world.
WFP is exploring the use of existing systems to provide effective assistance to shock affected populations, including government social protection schemes and social safety nets, and their related targeting mechanisms, transfer modalities and delivery mechanisms. Leveraging these existing systems, WFP aims to develop or strengthen their shock-responsive capacities in order to increase the effectiveness, cost efficiency and timeliness of emergency response.
Children at a school in Fiji are celebrating the opening of new cyclone resistant classrooms today built with donations from New Zealanders.
Read the full story on Radio New Zealand International.
This operation update details the progress of implementation from 22 February 2016 to 30 April 2017. This update also signifies the need to extend the operation by three months from 31 May 2017 until 31 August 2017 to allow the following key activities to be undertaken:
Shelter and Settlements
To complete the target of 1,200 household on Shelter repair and build back safer in which 64% have been completed.
To complete the targeted 35 demonstration model houses in which 50% have been completed.
SUVA, 8 May 2017 – No electricity, no problem. Seventy-four solar refrigerators will be distributed to more than 100 health centers in Cyclone Winston affected areas in Fiji, to ensure life-saving vaccines or medicines stay effective even without electricity.
Fiji’s presidency of COP23 - the ongoing UN climate negotiations - has been the focus of talks in Tokyo between the Attorney-General and Minister for Economy, Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum, and the Japanese Parliamentary Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs, Kiyoshi Odagawa.
This report summarises the performance of the Australian aid program in 2015-16. It reviews progress with implementation of the Government’s policy and performance framework.
NADI – Preparing for and responding to natural disasters as they affect access to food for millions of people in the Pacific Islands, is one of the major themes that was discussed at the first-ever meeting of the Regional Pacific Food Security Cluster in Nadi, Fiji this week.
The meeting of some 50 representatives from governments, non-governmental and UN organizations, was jointly hosted by Food Security Cluster co-lead Coordinators: the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP).
12:43 pm today
The World Health Organisation says people in Fiji can still do more to combat rising depression rates.
Read more on Radio New Zealand International
Fiji is rolling out its third phase of reconstruction assistance for the rebuild after Cyclone Winston.
Read more on Radio New Zealand International
The Pacific region is frequently hit by natural disasters such as cyclones, floods, droughts and earthquakes. Pacific countries rank among the highest in the world in terms of numbers of casualties and people affected. The European Commission provides humanitarian assistance to the region both in terms of disaster preparedness and emergency relief when major disasters strike.
22 March 2017 – Over a year ago, on 20 February 2016, Tropical Cyclone Winston made a category 5 landfall along the north coast of Fiji's largest, most populous island, Viti Levu, killing at least 44 people, and grounding flights to and from the Pacific Island nation.
“It was one of the strongest cyclones to have hit any country in the Southern Hemisphere,” recalls Mr. Semi Koroilavesau, Fijian Minister for Fisheries. “That was quite catastrophic for Fiji and we are still recovering from it,” he adds, sombrely.
La mayoría de los desastres naturales son predecibles en cierta medida, por lo que resulta importante invertir en los planes de protección social del gobierno para fortalecer su capacidad de resiliencia a largo plazo