Typhoon Melor - Dec 2015
Typhoon Melor made an initial landfall in Batag Island, Northern Samar and then tracked across southern Luzon, making five other landfalls before exiting to the sea west of the Philippines on 16 December. At its peak, Melor packed maximum sustained winds of 150 kilometres per hour (kph) and gusts of up to 185 kph, and brought heavy to intense rainfall within its 300 km diameter.
Provincial and local governments conducted pre-emptive evacuations in coastal communities and in some mountainous areas with high risk of landslides. More than 730,000 people from five regions were evacuated to evacuation centres. There were 41 confirmed deaths and over 199,850 houses were damaged – 55,400 of them completely. Most damage to houses have been in the provinces of Oriental Mindoro Northern Samar and Sorsogon. 99 classrooms were either partially or completely damaged and 35 health facilities were damaged. (IFRC, 22 Dec 2015)
As Melor dissipated, a new tropical system – Tropical Depression Twenty Three locally named "Onyok" – entered the Philippine area of responsibility (PAR) and made landfall over the municipality of Manay in Davao Oriental province, eastern Mindanao.
The IFRC launched an Emergency Appeal on 22 December to provide CHF 3.7 million in assistance to 45,000 people. (IFRC, 22 Dec 2015) On 4 March 2016, the IFRC issued a revised Emergency Appeal for CHF 2,079,515 to support the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) in delivering assistance to 45,000 people over 12 months, with a focus on the following sectors: emergency relief and shelter, recovery shelter, health, livelihoods, water and sanitation. Based on field reports, the Government-led Response Cluster stated in December that 555,667 families were affected by Typhoon Melor (IFRC, 4 Mar 2016)
Maps & Infographics
Disaster Recovery and Rehabilitation Division
1. ESCAP and CFW for the Typhoon “Lawin”-Affected Households in CAR, Regions I, II and III:
Targets 200,624 households with damaged houses costing P2,755,713,635.00 at P30,000.00 each for households with totally damaged houses and P10,0000.00 each for those with partially damaged shelters:
A total of 161,474 households with damaged houses is targeted to avail the initial assistance of P5,000.00 each amounting to P807,370,000.00;
EU humanitarian aid for the Philippines:
€ Close to 75.3 million in response to natural disasters and € 25.4 million to assist victims of armed conflicts since 1997
Over € 10 million for disaster preparedness between 1998 and 2017
- € 725 000 for humanitarian assistance to displaced people in Mindanao
€ 1.5 million in humanitarian assistance to victims of Typhoon Melor
According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration 3 Nock-Ten (Nina) (PAGASA), the Philippines is prone to tropical cyclones due to its geographical location which generally produce heavy rains, flooding of large areas and also strong winds which result in heavy casualties to human life and destruction to crops and properties. On average, the country is frequented by 20 tropical cyclones annually, almost half of which made landfall.
14 December 2015: Typhoon Melor makes landfall in Batag Island, Northern Samar, and moves westward.
16 December 2015: Typhoon Melor exits to the west of the Philippines. Information bulletin no. 1 issued.
17 December 2015: The President of the Philippines declares a state of national calamity following the devastation caused by Typhoon Melor.
18 December 2015: Tropical Depression Twenty-Three makes landfall in Davao Oriental province, eastern Mindanao. Information bulletin no. 2 issued.
A map visual/infographic highlighting the tracks of destructive tropical cyclones, historical strong earthquakes, location of active volcanoes, active faultlines and trenches.
Dear Action Against Hunger Supporters,
It’s an honor to report on a great year working together for nutrition security, to end hunger and all forms of undernutrition. For the New Year 2017, we are thrilled to start a new chapter of Action Against Hunger’s story.
When typhoons Koppu and Melor (locally known as Lando and Nona, respectively) hit Central Luzon, a region north of Manila, in the latter part of 2015, Edna lost her home and hard-earned savings in an instant. The typhoon brought catastrophic damage to infrastructure and the agriculture sector, all of which added to the burden of the affected people. Recovering from the typhoon’s devastation is another story.
The Philippines is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world, with several earthquakes and around 20 tropical cyclones per year among other natural calamities.
In 2015, the European Commission made available a total of € 2.1 million in response to the decades-long armed conflict in the southernmost island of Mindanao, which has displaced more than 495 000 individuals since 2012.
Protracted conflict had long affected the communities in Laoang, Northern Samar. Skirmishes between government security forces and the New People's Army had caused short-term but recurrent displacements that disrupted the lives and livelihoods of locals. These communities were made even more vulnerable by the recent onslaught of strong typhoons.
Typhoon Melor struck Northern Samar on 14 December 2015 moving westward and exited Philippine landmass through Occidental Mindoro and dissipated over the sea west of the country on 19 December. Melor left 42 people dead, almost 300,000 houses damaged and some PHP 4.3 billion (CHF 89 million) worth of agriculture and infrastructure assets affected.
In central Mindanao and in the Sulu archipelago, fighting between government security forces and armed opposition groups led to temporary displacement of thousands of civilians. Meanwhile, sporadic hostilities continued between government security forces and the New People's Army in eastern Mindanao, leading to the protracted displacement of civilians; while pockets of clashes also occurred in parts of southern Luzon and Visayas regions.
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.
AMOUNT: EUR 21 400 000
- MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Second modification as from 08.03.2016: Fiji - Tropical Cyclone Winston:
Tropical Cyclone Winston made landfall in Fiji on 20 February, causing loss of lives and significant damage to shelter, agriculture and infrastructure across its path. The Fiji Government estimates that close to 350 000 people living in the cyclone’s path were affected; 42 people have been confirmed dead and close to 40 000 people remain in evacuation centres.
FAO and DA take agriculture disaster risk reduction to the next level
Restoring livelihoods of typhoon-hit farmers in Central Luzon
Pikit farmers acquire livelihood and disaster risk reduction skills
Regional food security initiatives gain momentum in the Philippines
Fisheries Improvement Plans adopted by 11 coastal communities
PASAY CITY, Mar. 15 -- The Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) allotted more than P178 million in emergency loan for 5,624 active members and old-age pensioners who were affected by typhoon Nona in Marinduque.
Active members are qualified to apply for emergency loan if they are working or residing in the province, not on leave of absence without pay, are updated in premium contributions, and have no unpaid loan amortizations in the last six months. Old-age pensioners residing in the province are also qualified to avail of the program.
Typhoon Melor tore through the Philippines last December, leaving 14,400 families with damaged or destroyed houses – houses that were no longer fit to live in. However, your support has helped us provide the vital tools needed to rebuild homes and repair communities.
One of those homes belonged to the Capangpangan family in the village of Binay. Robert and Jennibeth Capangpangan have eight children aged between four and 15. We recently returned to the Philippines to see how the family are recovering after the typhoon.
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of some 2,079,515 Swiss francs (decreased from 3,740,793 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) in delivering assistance and support to some 45,000 people over 12 months, with a focus on the following sectors: emergency relief and shelter, recovery shelter, health, livelihoods, water and sanitation.
About 16,100 people displaced in transition sites of Zamboanga struggle to cope with water shortages.
Over 56,000 people are displaced by clashes between the military and armed groups in central Mindanao.
Local civil society steps up efforts to engage the elderly and disabled people in crises.
Philippine Congress passes the first bill in Asia to protect children in emergencies.
Drought hits Zamboanga IDPs