Tropical Cyclone Komen - Jul 2015
The monsoon depression over the northeast Bay of Bengal and adjoining Bangladesh coast intensified into a cyclonic storm named ‘Komen’ on 29 July 2015, threatening to cause further downpours in regions already affected by recent two-phased flash floods and landslides which started since end of June 2015. Since mid-July, IFRC has been monitoring the situation and working closely with BDRCS on necessary response. (IFRC, 11 Aug 2015)
Cyclone Komen also brought high winds and further heavy rain to several states and regions in Western and Northern Myanmar, with twelve regions and states affected by flooding. On 31 July, Myanmar’s President declared Chin and Rakhine states and the regions of Sagaing and Magwa, to be natural disaster zones. (IFRC, 4 Aug 2015)
Following landfall by the cyclone on the Bangladesh coast, heavy storms lashed India's West Bengal and Odisha on 1-2 August, exacerbating the situation in already flooded areas. (ACT Alliance, 4 Aug 2015)
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Organisations working on the Rohingya response are preparing for the cyclone season. This brief provides background on cyclones in Bangladesh and an overview of their impact, to put the emergency preparedness planning into a wider perspective. The 2018 cyclone seasons will be different from those in the past. The influx of over 650,000 refugees residing in temporary shelters and who are not included in national preparedness and early warning mechanisms creates a significantly different level of vulnerability.
- In Rakhine, approximately 120,789 people remain displaced across 36 camps or camp-like settings. In Kachin/Northern Shan, over 99,970 IDPs are mostly dispersed over 178 camps or camp-like settings but around 10,000 with host families.
Myanmar, multiple crises:
- Internal conflict in Kachin/Northern Shan states (2011-ongoing)
- Inter-communal violence in Rakhine state (Jun and Oct 2012)
- Cyclone Komen floods (Aug-Dec 2015)
TOTAL PEOPLE AFFECTED
Rakhine: 145,000 displaced
Kachin/Northern Shan: 100,000 displaced
2015 floods: 1.7 million displaced
150,000 people with moderately or severely damaged houses (Myanmar Humanitarian Response Plan, 2016).
August 4, 2017
1. In response to the request made by the Government of Myanmar to the Government of Japan to reconstruct/repair 493 schools affected by Cyclone Komen in 2015, Japan provided 1.5 billion yen to the Myanmar's Ministry of Education to support a part of such efforts.
2. Today, the very first school reconstruction was completed in Yangon, and the handover ceremony took place in Htantabin Township.
UNOPS infrastructure projects don’t just improve access to services, markets and clean water – they also help to build the systems that countries need to improve people’s health and livelihoods in the long term.
UNOPS Myanmar is building, restoring and rehabilitating public infrastructure across the country, helping ensure that services reach those most in need.
Repairing roads in Chin State
Myanmar, and especially Rakhine State, is part of the most disaster-affected regions in the world in terms of frequency, scale, and severity, and is particularly negatively impacted by tropical cyclones and floods. In 2015, cyclone Komen made landfall in Northern Rakhine State, resulting in massive floods and landslides, exacerbating the monsoonal flooding. Coupled with overall underdevelopment, reoccurring conflicts, and low resilience, the population in Rakhine State is extremely vulnerable to changes in weather patterns and are often ill-prepared to withstand the impact of disasters.
South East Asia is particularly prone to natural disasters: a situation which is compounded by the fact that more than half the countries in the region are low or lower income. In addition, three countries (Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar) are considered least developed.
119,876 people remain displaced across 36 camps/camp like settings as a result of two spates of violence/burning of houses in 2012. 20-25% decrease in IDP population in 2015 due to individual housing solutions.
Cyclone Komen and flooding in August 2015 resulted in severe damage to over 13,000 houses.
Violence/displacement in northern Rakhine State.
2012-2013: Emergency shelter response for 140,000 persons (see images above/top left & right).
- In Rakhine, 119,876 people remain displaced across 36 camps or camp-like settings. In Kachin/Northern Shan, over 97,500 IDPs are mostly dispersed over 150 camps or camp-like settings but around 10,000 with host families.
One year on from the devastating floods that struck the country, around 400,000 people have received emergency assistance and support for their recovery from MRCS and its partners in the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Out of that number, 58,000 people were covered through IFRC’s emergency appeal. An infographic of Red Cross milestones from July 2015 to September 2016 is provided on the next page.
H.E. Mr. Tateshi HIGUCHI, Ambassador of Japan to Myanmar, and Chairpersons of the School Construction Committees concerned signed the grant contracts for five projects today. Under these contracts, Japan’s Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP) Scheme will provide a total of US$ 719,857 as follows:
The Project for Construction of Nga Pyaw Taw Village Basic Education Primary School in Letpadan Township, Bago Region (US$ 101,071);
H.E. Mr. Tateshi HIGUCHI, Ambassador of Japan to Myanmar, and Chairpersons of the various construction committees from the States and Regions concerned signed the grant contracts for four projects today. Under these contracts, Japan’s Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects (GGP) Scheme will provide a total of US$532,304 as follows:
The Project for Construction of Kone Ma Hat Village Bridge in Bamaw Township, Kachin State (USD 121,957)
Posted by Global New Light of Myanmar Date: November 29, 2016
Displacement linked to climate change is not a future hypothetical – it’s a current reality.
As activities get underway in Marrakech at COP22, the 22nd Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, here are answers to some frequently asked questions about climate change and displacement.
By Mariana Palavra
Rakhine State in western Myanmar has seen years of ethnic tensions, causing death, displacement and loss of livelihoods. UNICEF and the NGO Community and Family Services International (CFSI) are working together to make sure that children and adolescents are shielded from the effects of inter-communal conflict, discrimination and poverty.
Myanmar/Burma has experienced internal conflicts for more than six decades, involving fighting between ethnic groups and the army in different locations throughout the country.
Inter-communal violence in Rakhine State has resulted in the displacement of over 140 000 people since 2012 and a de facto segregation between communities. Efforts to resettle displaced people are currently ongoing.
Melanie Hilton, Yee Mon Maung and Virginie Le Masson
This case study is one of four commissioned by BRACED to assess the links between resilience and gender in partners’ projects. It documents approaches used to promote gender equality within the BRACED Myanmar Alliance, as well as the latent challenges and opportunities in this process.