Tropical Cyclone Pam - Mar 2015
Severe Tropical Cyclone Pam struck Vanuatu as an extremely destructive category 5 cyclone on the evening of 13 Mar 2015, causing serious damage to infrastructure and leaving debris strewn across the capital. (OCHA, 15 Mar 2015)
The archipelago, consisting of more than 80 islands with a population of approximately 270,000 people, suffered widespread damage across all of its six provinces – Torba, Sanma, Penama, Malampa, Shefa, and Tafea. Tropical Cyclone Pam’s eye passed close to Efate Island in Shefa Province, where the capital Port Vila is located, with winds at around 250 km/hr and gusts peaking at 320 km/hr. A total of 166,600 people were estimated to have been affected by the cyclone – more than half the country’s population. Shefa and Tafea were the hardest hit provinces. In Erromango Island, up to 90 per cent of shelters were wiped out, whilst in Tanna Island 50 per cent of shelters were destroyed. Food stocks were also destroyed and water sources destroyed or contaminated. Estimates were that 95 per cent of crops were destroyed in the affected areas, leaving communities food insecure. (UNDAC, 4 Apr 2015)
The Prime Minister of Vanuatu and the UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Vanuatu launched a humanitarian response Flash Appeal on 24 March...The Flash Appeal seeks US$29.9 million to ensure that initial support provided by the Government, donors and humanitarian partners can be sustained to cover the needs of affected people until 24 June 2015. (OCHA, 24 Mar 2015)
Appeals & Response Plans
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The Regional Food Security Atlas of the Pacific is a joint publication by the Pacific Community (SPC) and the World Food Programme(WFP).
The 2018 Atlas provides a spatial overview of the core issues that affect food security across the Pacific Island Countries (PICs). Divided into nine topical sections, the Atlas provides the reader with information and knowledge on the causes and outcomes of food security and nutrition in the region.
As part of an ongoing effort to promote disability-inclusive humanitarian action in Pacific countries, this policy brief identifies priority actions for disaster readiness, response and recovery. It has been prepared through a collaborative approach and should be a key reference in the future, promoting coordination across all levels and stages of the humanitarian cycle in the Region.
Promoting inclusion in Pacific humanitarian action
A warehouse in Vanuatu’s capital, Port Vila, holds 10 huge shipping containers filled to the brim with discarded goods and rotting food. This is what’s left of the massive piles of donations sent to the South Pacific nation in the aftermath of the most powerful storm to strike the remote island group, nearly three years ago.
In total, Vanuatu received donations that filled 77 large containers after Cyclone Pam ripped through the country in March 2015. Heartfelt offerings perhaps, but unfortunately much of it was unusable.
KEY FACTS & FIGURES
Establishment of Pacific Shelter Cluster: 2012, Fiji: 2012, Solomon Islands: 2014, Vanuatu: 2014, Tonga, Samoa, Marshall Islands: in process Recent activations: Feb 2016 TC Winston in Fiji, March 2015 TC Pam in Vanuatu.
Recent national responses with regional support and number of people reached with emergency shelter:
Makira EQ/tsunami in Solomon Islands 5,004
TC Donna in Vanuatu 2,564
In the face of climate change, the world continues to witness frequent and large-scale disasters. In the rst half of 2017 alone, 149 natural disasters occurred in 73 countries resulting in 3,162 deaths, affecting 80 million people and resulting in the estimated loss of US$32.4 billion.
SUBMITTED BY MICHAEL BONTE-GRAPENTIN ON MON, 11/20/2017 CO-AUTHORS: PATRICK MEIER, KEIKO SAITO
For many Pacific Island countries, natural disasters such as cyclones and tsunamis, are an all-too common occurrence. Out of the top 15 most at-risk countries for natural disasters globally, four are Pacific Island countries, and Vanuatu is consistently at the top.
Early results of Climate Risk and Early Warning Systems initiative presented at climate change conference
Vulnerable communities in Africa and the Pacific and Caribbean are now benefiting from improved early warning systems against extreme weather as part of an international drive to boost resilience and climate change adaptation. But further investments are needed to reduce the risks from hazards like tropical cyclones, floods and drought.
Resilient Transport Vital to Curb Disaster Losses in Small Island Developing States
Improved policies alone could reduce the impact of natural disasters on well-being by 13 to 25% in small island countries
After learning hard lessons, Pacific Island states are exerting greater control when disasters strike. But is the aid sector prepared to change?
SUVA, Fiji, Nov 8 2017 (IPS) - In the Pacific, climate change is an ever-present threat, undermining human rights, livelihoods, and security. Pacific Islanders are working with courage and resolve to build the resilience of their communities and to catalyse international actions towards ending global carbon pollution.
When a disaster strikes, people everywhere are keen to assist, but the wrong donation at the wrong time can actually hinder instead of help relief efforts.
Over the past decades in the Pacific, schools have been used by students, families and internally displaced people as unplanned and sometimes long-term shelters during disasters, by students, families and internally displaced people. They have also been occupied by fighting forces during conflict.
These conditions have disrupted education, caused damage to educational facilities and equipment, and put children at risk of abuse, neglect and exploitation. This has given rise to calls from policy makers and field practitioners for guidance.
Vanuatu and Fiji are experiencing climate-induced disasters that are continuously increasing in both scale and frequency. Both nations have been struck by a number of disastrous cyclones over the past three years – most notably Cyclone Pam, which struck Vanuatu in 2015 and Cyclone Winston, which struck Fiji in 2016.
In response, ActionAid is supporting women in Fiji and Vanuatu to lead community efforts to strengthen their resilience to increasing disasters.
Port Vila, 15 September 2017: Today, about 2500 people in Erromango will access safer and more secure water supplies, thanks to the Ministry of Lands & Natural Resources and its partners, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and CARE, officially handing over repaired and improved water and sanitation infrastructure to communities across Erromango.
Hundreds of people on Erromango in Vanuatu now have access to safer and more secure water supplies.
Read more on Radio New Zealand International.
PORT VILA, VANUATU (10 August 2017) — The Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Board of Directors is providing $8.2 million in total additional financing to continue the reconstruction, rehabilitation, and climate-proofing of roads affected by Cyclone Pam.
The additional funding consists of a $4.1 million loan and a $4.1 million grant from ADB’s Ordinary Capital Resources and the Asian Development Fund, respectively. The Government of Vanuatu is also contributing $1.2 million in the project.
Since the year 2000, disasters have been responsible for the loss of one million lives.
As one of the world’s largest humanitarian aid organisations, CARE is one of the first to respond and the last to leave when disaster strikes. But there’s also a lot of work that we do preparing communities for disaster, to reduce their impact.
The year 2015 marked the 10th anniversary of the Global Shelter Cluster, the inter-agency coordination mechanism for shelter response. During these ten years, coordination has improved in consistency, shelter responses have grown in scale, and there are more people with experience in shelter programming, but people continue to lose their dwellings and be displaced due to conflict and natural disasters. Global humanitarian shelter needs continue to greatly exceed the capacity and resources to respond.