Typhoon Rammasun - Jul 2014
Typhoon Rammasun (locally known as Glenda) made landfall over Lapu-Lapu in Albay province in the eastern Philippines in the late afternoon of 15 Jul 2014. It crossed the Northern Capital Region area the following morning, impacting the Metro Manila area with strong winds and heavy rain, causing power outages and interrupting telecommunication lines. (IFRC, 16 Jul 2014)
The strongest typhoon to hit Philippines so far in 2014, Rammasun killed some 100 people, destroyed more than 100,000 houses and damaged 400,000 others. Half a million people were displaced and more than more than 27,000 people were housed in 108 evacuation evacuation centres. (IFRC, 4 Aug 2014)
Rammasun made landfall as a Super Typhoon on China's Hainan island on 18 Jul, the strongest typhoon to hit south China since 1973. As of 23 Jul, the death toll stood at 46, and 37,000 houses were destroyed. (IFRC, 23 Jul 2014)
In Viet Nam, extreme weather caused by Typhoon Rammasun killed 27 people, with the storm unleashing flash floods, landslides and lightning strikes. The storm wreaked havoc across more than 4,200 ha of food and rice crops, and caused more than 750 houses to collapse. Almost 6,000 other properties were inundated and 110 power lines were destroyed. (Viet Nam News, 23 Jul 2014)
In Thailand, the typhoon caused torrential rainfall in the northeast, with Yasothon province the most-affected. Water levels along several canals increased drastically, overflowing the banks and inundating 500 rais of rice fields. (Govt. of Thailand, 21 Jul 2014)
According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration 3 Nock-Ten (Nina) (PAGASA), the Philippines is prone to tropical cyclones due to its geographical location which generally produce heavy rains, flooding of large areas and also strong winds which result in heavy casualties to human life and destruction to crops and properties. On average, the country is frequented by 20 tropical cyclones annually, almost half of which made landfall.
Delivering aid to a large, displaced population provides challenges for governments, the private sector and aid organizations in the aftermath of any humanitarian crisis. The increasing scale and impact of disaster events call for innovative solutions for a more efficient and effective delivery of cash to affected populations.
Despite impressive progress to address poverty and food insecurity, climate-related hazards could threaten these hard-won development gains.
Typhoon Haiyan, which hit the central part of the country in November 2013, and more recently Typhoon Hagupit are testament to the potentially devastating effects of climate on food security and vulnerable livelihoods.
Better understanding of climate risks and their impact on household food security is a critical first step for managing and reducing risks.
The Asia Pacific zone (APZ) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) comprises the zone office in Kuala Lumpur, four regional offices in Suva (Pacific), Bangkok (Southeast Asia), Delhi (South Asia) and Beijing (East Asia) and 12 country offices, adopting a “best-positioned” strategy to support the national societies (NSs) in the zone according to their needs. Through this decentralized management structure, the Asia Pacific zone office directs the work of the regional and country offices.
In 2014, the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) intensified its operations to support the recovery of people affected by previous disasters, specifically Typhoon Bopha which struck eastern Mindanao on December 2012; the 2013 typhoons and floods season which devastated parts of eastern Luzon; the Central Visayas earthquake on October 2013 which destroyed a large part of the province of Bohol; and most notably, Typhoon Haiyan which struck in November 2013 and killed more than 6,800 people and affected more than six million people across several provinces.
• 20,000 people still remain in transitional shelters in Zamboanga – a 14 per cent decline in the last three months.
• 19 tropical storms affected the Philippines in 2014; the storm season was less active than the previous year.
• The Government focuses on disaster preparedness, calling for a “whole-of-society approach”.
• Evacuation orders lifted as the Mayon Volcano alert level is lowered.
• The Government invests in long-term solutions to resettle those regularly exposed to the threat of volcano eruption.
Snapshot 3–9 December
Philippines: Category 5 Typhoon Hagupit, locally known as Ruby, made landfall on 6 December over the town of Dolores in Eastern Samar province (Eastern Philippines). At least 49 of 81 provinces are potentially at high risk. The typhoon is moving very slowly, potentially subjecting each community in the path of the typhoon to high winds and torrential rainfall for much longer. 1.1 million people are affected.
Snapshot 29 October – 4 November
Yemen: As a government was agreed by Houthi and other opposition parties, the Southern Movement announced a merger to represent all southerners in the campaign for independence. Houthi insurgents attacked the Sunni opposition Al Islah party headquarters in Ibb, while Al Qaeda killed 18 Yemeni troops during an attack in Hudaydah.
Ebola in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea: As a three-day countrywide shutdown came to an end in Sierra Leone, the UN Security Council set up a special mission to lead the global response to the Ebola outbreak. More than 5,800 cases have been reported since the beginning of the outbreak, including 2,800 deaths, and more than 13.5 million people are now considered in need of assistance as the impact of the epidemic spreads.
Summary: Typhoon Rammasun (locally known as Glenda) made landfall in the town of Rapu Rapu, Albay, Bicol region (eastern coast of Philippines) Tuesday morning, 15 July. It moved westward across seven regions and exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on 17 July 2014 leaving behind damages in agriculture, infrastructure, and school and health care facilities amounting to more than 10 billion Philippine pesos (approximately 200 million Swiss francs) and affecting a million families.
By Faizza Tanggol
Farmers from Sorsogon face the constant challenge of extreme weather conditions which damage their crops. Thanks to the US Government, Bicol University, and the World Food Programme, these farmers can now protect some of their crops through the tunnel-type agriculture.
Syria: Syrian refugee numbers have grown by a million in a year, and now exceed three million, while the journey out of Syria is getting tougher. 42 children were reported killed by government strikes over 29-31 August, while in IS-held areas there are reports of routine executions and amputations.
HA NOI (VNS)— Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung Hai urged ministries and localities to focus on minimising the destruction caused by floods, flash floods and landslides. People were often proactive when it came to minimising storm-related damages to human and property, but remained inattentive to storm-triggered disasters like flash floods and landslides, leading to serious losses, he said.
One never knows the effectiveness of a disaster preparedness and response programme until a disaster strikes. So how did communities in Sorsogon fare when Typhoon Glenda (international name: Rammasun) hit their province?
The Disaster Preparedness and Response (DPR) initiatives of the World Food Programme (WFP), funded by the United States Agency for International Development’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA), was recently tested when strong winds and rains battered the province of Sorsogon on Wednesday, the 15th of July this year.