Typhoon Haiyan - Nov 2013
Tropical Storm Haiyan (called Yolanda in the Philippines) initially formed in Micronesia, then gained strength, continued west and made its first landfall at 4:40 a.m. on 8 Nov 2013 in Guiuan municipality of the Philippines' Eastern Samar province. (OCHA, 8 Nov 2013) Initial reports estimated that 4.3 million people were affected in 36 provinces. The Government accepted the UN offer of international assistance. (OCHA, 9 Nov 2013)
The number of affected people rose to 14 million across nine regions, including 4 million people who remained displaced from their homes. Humanitarian partners presented on 10 Dec the Strategic Response Plan (SRP) for Typhoon Haiyan, which requested US$791 million to complement the Government-led response and recovery efforts over the next 12 months. (OCHA, 10 Dec 2013) The typhoon ended up becoming the deadliest event of 2013 in the Asia-Pacific, killing more than 6,000 people. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2013)
One year on, the Government-led response is focused on recovery and long-term development. About 25,000 people still live in transitional sites and require inter-sectoral assistance. In addition, around 95,000 households (475,000 people) are estimated to be living in unsafe or inadequate makeshift shelters, and are considered highly vulnerable because of their limited ability to recover without further assistance. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2014)
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The Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN was established on 8 August 1967. The Member States of the Association are Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. ASEAN collectively has a population of over 600 million people with the third largest labour force in the world, and by 2050, ASEAN is expected to rank as the fourth-largest economy in the world. Yet, ASEAN is also the most natural disaster-prone region in the world.
Typhoon Haiyan (Philippine name, ‘Yolanda’), made landfall in the Philippines on 8 November 2013. It is considered to be one of the strongest typhoons ever recorded in world history, based on maximum wind speed, with a wind gust reaching up to 320 km/hour at its peak.
Drought, earthquakes, floods, typhoons, volcanoes, and civil unrest, compounded by limited government response capacity in some countries, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
The first five years at a glance
Recurrent earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and volcanoes present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Some countries also face civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts, as well as limited government capacity to respond to disasters. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
The Guidance Note on Recovery: Private Sector draws from the wider body of knowledge on private sector recovery and from documented experiences of past and present disaster planning and recovery e orts. Materials have been collected through desk review and direct consultations with relevant experts. These experiences and lessons learned are classi ed into the following four major issues:
The Disaster Recovery Role of the Private Sector
Engaging the Private Sector in Disaster Recovery
There is agreement in the scientific community that the global food system will experience unprecedented pressure in the coming decades – demographic changes, urban growth, environmental degradation, increasing disaster risk, food price volatility, and climate change will all affect food security patterns.
By Alisa Tang
JAKARTA (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - After the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004 and Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar in 2008, international aid poured into Southeast Asia, but in both disasters the 10-nation regional body ASEAN was conspicuously absent, says disaster expert Arnel Capili.
"Those were very big events that really affected the national governments of member states. The question was, where is ASEAN?" Capili said of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
Available protection space for refugees, asylum-seekers and stateless people in the region is fragile and unpredictable, due to a lack of national legal frameworks in most South-East Asian countries. Furthermore, some States have introduced increasingly restrictive policies - such as denying safe disembarkation or access at the airport, and narrowing protection space and access to asylum. There is also an increase in maritime “push backs” and instances of refoulement.
Republished with permission. © Post Publishing PCL. www.bangkokpost.com
Writer: Ramon C Bacani
Ramon C Bacani is director of Southeast Asian Ministers of Education – Regional Centre for Educational Innovation and Technology (SEAMEO Innotech).
It took 10 days for Raul Basa, principal of Cabalawan Elementary School in Tacloban City, to get to his school after Typhoon Haiyan struck the Philippines on Nov 8, 2013. The huge amount of debris left left by the record-breaking typhoon blocked all roads.