Tropical Cyclone Mahasen - May 2013
On 14 May, Cyclone Mahasen brought heavy rains and landslides to Sri Lanka, with seven people confirmed dead and 3,881 people displaced due to the resulting heavy rains and landslides. In Bangladesh, following the raising of warning signals to 7 from a possible 10 (expecting severe weather) for Cox’s Bazaar and Chittagong, the Government ordered the evacuation of about one million people from 15 coastal districts. In Myanmar, a total of 35,550 people were relocated from Sittwe, Minbya, Myauk U, Kyauktaw, Rathedaung, Myebon and Pauktaw in Rakhine state. (OCHA, 15 May 2013)
Cyclone Mahasen made landfall in southern Bangladesh's Patuakhali district on 16 May, affecting almost 1.5 million people and killing 17. More than 26,500 houses were destroyed and almost 124,500 damaged. Large tracts of standing crops were flattened and numerous fish ponds and fish culture washed away. (IFRC, 6 Jun 2013)
Organisations working on the Rohingya response are preparing for the cyclone season. This brief provides background on cyclones in Bangladesh and an overview of their impact, to put the emergency preparedness planning into a wider perspective. The 2018 cyclone seasons will be different from those in the past. The influx of over 650,000 refugees residing in temporary shelters and who are not included in national preparedness and early warning mechanisms creates a significantly different level of vulnerability.
Across Sri Lanka, climate change related weather aberrations and resultant extreme weather events are becoming increasingly common. While this affects the country at large, farmers and agricultural workers face the worst impacts of this variability. The increased frequency of flood and drought incidence in the last ten years has caused severe hardship to poor farmers across Sri Lanka.
Myanmar regularly experiences cyclones, storm surges, floods, landslides, earthquakes, drought and forest fires. Over the last 10 years, Myanmar has been impacted by two major earthquakes, three severe cyclones, floods and other smaller-scale hazards. OCHA works closely with the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement and humanitarian partners to ensure a more systematic, inclusive and coordinated approach to disaster management, preparedness and response.
The Asia Pacific zone (APZ) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) comprises the zone office in Kuala Lumpur, four regional offices in Suva (Pacific), Bangkok (Southeast Asia), Delhi (South Asia) and Beijing (East Asia) and 12 country offices, adopting a “best-positioned” strategy to support the national societies (NSs) in the zone according to their needs. Through this decentralized management structure, the Asia Pacific zone office directs the work of the regional and country offices.
This technical paper provides evidence-based estimates of the likelihood of disaster-induced displacement in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
Reference Guide - Communication and Complex Emergencies is a reference guide developed by the University of Adelaide’s Applied Communication Collaborative Research Unit (ACCRU) and the Australian Civil–Military Centre (ACMC).
This guide examines the broad topic of communication and its role in a range of different humanitarian and complex emergency situations. Such situations demand communication initiatives that support and promote humanitarian relief efforts, conflict reduction processes, and post-conflict transition and recovery.
Chapter 1: Introduction
COMMUNITY BASED DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (CBDRR) PROGRAMME
By David Tereshchuk*
September 23, 2014—Bangladesh is listed high among nations that are especially prone to disasters—and certain areas of the country suffer extreme vulnerability.
The island of Char Kukri-Mukri in the coastal Bhola Disrict, where UMCOR, the United Methodist Committee on Relief, is now helping to support the local community, is very low-lying, sitting only about four feet above sea level.
Myanmar ranks as the most at-risk country in Asia-Pacific in terms of natural hazards, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Medium to large-scale floods, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides or tsunamis occur every couple of years causing death and destruction as well as setting back development interventions.
Results & Achievements
A Joint Rapid Damage Needs Assessment conducted by GFDRR, the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank after the 2013 flooding in Uttarakhand state informed a $250 million recovery and resilience project on behalf of the International Development Association.
The assessment also provided the necessary groundwork for the Government of Uttarakhand and other agencies to quickly prioritize and respond to the regions most affected by the disasters.
Why have an FSC DFP Mechanism?
Period covered by this Final Report or Preliminary final report: 18 May 2013 to 28 February 2014
Appeal target (current): CHF 1,730,251
The appeal was approximately 71% covered.
A revised emergency appeal was launched on 19 July 2013, seeking CHF 1,730,251 to assist 8,000 families (40,000 people) for nine months.
On 16 May 2013, Tropical Storm Mahasen made landfall on the coastal regions of Bangladesh causing widespread damage between Bhola and Patuakhali districts of Barisal division. In response, the HCTT triggered a Phase I Joint Needs Assessment. The JNA found that around 1,042,340 people (around 25 percent of the total population) were affected in the three most impacted districts of Barguna, Bhola and Patuakhali.
CYCLONE MAHASEN EARLY RECOVERY PROJECT
In February 2014, PASSA (Participatory Assessment for Safe Shelter Awareness) Team conducted shelter monitoring at the community level and they covered 30% shelter during the reporting period. Rest of the households will be covered through conducting second phase shelter monitoring in March 2014. During this month, 700 sets (each set comprises of 1 slab and 5 rings) of ring and slab were distributed at the community.