Tropical Cyclone Mahasen - May 2013
On 14 May, Cyclone Mahasen brought heavy rains and landslides to Sri Lanka, with seven people confirmed dead and 3,881 people displaced due to the resulting heavy rains and landslides. In Bangladesh, following the raising of warning signals to 7 from a possible 10 (expecting severe weather) for Cox’s Bazaar and Chittagong, the Government ordered the evacuation of about one million people from 15 coastal districts. In Myanmar, a total of 35,550 people were relocated from Sittwe, Minbya, Myauk U, Kyauktaw, Rathedaung, Myebon and Pauktaw in Rakhine state. (OCHA, 15 May 2013)
Cyclone Mahasen made landfall in southern Bangladesh's Patuakhali district on 16 May, affecting almost 1.5 million people and killing 17. More than 26,500 houses were destroyed and almost 124,500 damaged. Large tracts of standing crops were flattened and numerous fish ponds and fish culture washed away. (IFRC, 6 Jun 2013)
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Chapter 1: Introduction
COMMUNITY BASED DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (CBDRR) PROGRAMME
By David Tereshchuk*
September 23, 2014—Bangladesh is listed high among nations that are especially prone to disasters—and certain areas of the country suffer extreme vulnerability.
The island of Char Kukri-Mukri in the coastal Bhola Disrict, where UMCOR, the United Methodist Committee on Relief, is now helping to support the local community, is very low-lying, sitting only about four feet above sea level.
Myanmar ranks as the most at-risk country in Asia-Pacific in terms of natural hazards, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Medium to large-scale floods, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides or tsunamis occur every couple of years causing death and destruction as well as setting back development interventions.
Results & Achievements
A Joint Rapid Damage Needs Assessment conducted by GFDRR, the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank after the 2013 flooding in Uttarakhand state informed a $250 million recovery and resilience project on behalf of the International Development Association.
The assessment also provided the necessary groundwork for the Government of Uttarakhand and other agencies to quickly prioritize and respond to the regions most affected by the disasters.
Why have an FSC DFP Mechanism?
Period covered by this Final Report or Preliminary final report: 18 May 2013 to 28 February 2014
Appeal target (current): CHF 1,730,251
The appeal was approximately 71% covered.
A revised emergency appeal was launched on 19 July 2013, seeking CHF 1,730,251 to assist 8,000 families (40,000 people) for nine months.
On 16 May 2013, Tropical Storm Mahasen made landfall on the coastal regions of Bangladesh causing widespread damage between Bhola and Patuakhali districts of Barisal division. In response, the HCTT triggered a Phase I Joint Needs Assessment. The JNA found that around 1,042,340 people (around 25 percent of the total population) were affected in the three most impacted districts of Barguna, Bhola and Patuakhali.
CYCLONE MAHASEN EARLY RECOVERY PROJECT
In February 2014, PASSA (Participatory Assessment for Safe Shelter Awareness) Team conducted shelter monitoring at the community level and they covered 30% shelter during the reporting period. Rest of the households will be covered through conducting second phase shelter monitoring in March 2014. During this month, 700 sets (each set comprises of 1 slab and 5 rings) of ring and slab were distributed at the community.