Tropical Cyclone Evan - Dec 2012
Tropical Cyclone Evan (TD04F) passed over Samoa as a Category 2 tropical cyclone on 13-14 Dec 2012, damaging almost 1,000 houses and destroying almost 700. As of 3 Jan 2013, only 810 people remained in evacuation centers, down from over 7,000 immediate after the storm. (OCHA, 3 Jan 2013) A post-disaster needs assessment began on 7 Jan, with a first draft expected by 20 Jan (OCHA, 11 Jan 2013).
TC Evan was upgraded to a Category 4 tropical cyclone on 15 Dec just as it passed on the top of Wallis Island, part of the French Territory of Wallis and Futuna, damaging the houses of 250 families (OCHA, 19 Dec 2012).
On 17 Dec, TC Evan reached Fiji as a Category 4 storm, causing widespread destruction of infrastructure and loss of property. The Government of Fiji declared a state of natural disaster for the Northern and Western Divisions. At the beginning of the emergency, there were approximately 10,000 people in more than 150 evacuation centers. As of 11 Jan 2013, 106 people remain in 11 evacuation centers. (OCHA, 11 Jan 2013) The Government launched the 2nd edition of the Humanitarian Action Plan on 8 Feb (Government, 8 Feb 2013).
After more than 5 years of living in temporary housing, the community of Tukuraki in the highlands of Fiji are today celebrating as they move into their newly built, disaster resilient village. The Tukuraki community was devastated in 2012 as a landslide buried 80% of their village and tragically took the lives of a young family including a toddler and young baby.
Driving from the airport into the city of Apia, the capital of Samoa, is a great introduction to the country. Villages line the road with gardens filled with colorful flowers and palm trees. Hugging the northwest coastline, the road sometimes comes as close as five meters from the shoreline, giving passengers truly spectacular views of the Pacific Ocean.
But Sitiseni and her family now live in a cyclone-resistant house which has been specifically designed and engineered to withstand cyclonic winds, earthquakes and periodic surface flooding. It has also been built along the lines of the traditional Samoan Faleo’o concept, with construction based around a series of sturdy posts and poles well-suited to withstanding Pacific climate hazards.
The village of Tukuraki in Yakete, Ba is based precariously under a steep mountain which means its risk of being hit by natural disasters is a reality for its community. In January 2012, a landslide plunged through the community killing a family of four and burying more than 50 percent of the village area after a week of heavy rain in the western division triggered the slip. The landslide also wiped out the village access road, fresh water resources, and homes.
Looking over the farm, which she recently cleared after harvests of eggplants, tomatoes, cucumbers, corns, and other vegetables several times this year, Faimun Nisha reflected how she and her group members have gone through some challenging moments and braved the sun and rain to get to where they are now.
By Andy McElroy
NADI, Fiji, 9 September 2015 – When floods closed Fiji’s main international airport for the only time in its history, economic shockwaves rippled through the tourism-dependent country.
Nadi airport, built in the 1940s, is Fiji’s gateway to the world and when Cyclone Evan forced it to suspend flights in 2012 the tourism industry as well as many other sectors took a big knock.
This issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor updates the 2015 and 2016 GDP growth and inflation projections for ADB's Pacific developing member countries. The policy briefs included in this issue focus on disasters in the Pacific.
Highlights from this issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor include the following:
RESULTS & ACHIEVEMENTS
• Based on the damage impact assessment findings, the government prepared a robust recovery and reconstruction framework that was endorsed by the cabinet in March 2013.
• The damage assessment helped to leverage $40 million in World Bank financing that was used to support projects on road reconstruction, and recovery for farmers, among others.
In 2012 Tropical Cyclone (TC) Evan offered a distressing reminder of Samoa’s exposure to natural hazards. TC Evan came only three years after the earthquake and tsunami of 2009, which affected 2.5 percent of the country’s population, causing 143 fatalities and associated economic losses equivalent to 20 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
This note aims to build understanding of the existing disaster risk financing and insurance (DRFI) tools in use in Fiji and to identify gaps where potential engagement could further develop financial resilience. In addition the note aims to encourage peer exchange of regional knowledge, specifically by encouraging dialogue on past experiences, lessons learned, optimal use of these financial tools, and the effect they may have on the execution of post-disaster funds.
The 7 th PHT Regional Meeting was held at the Holiday Inn Suva in Fiji from 28 to 30 October 2014. The meeting has been held annually since 2008 to strengthen preparedness and response activities in support of disaster management authorities and affected people in the Pacific. This report aims to capture key points and actions arising from discussions and consultations during the meeting.
Samoa is still recovering from Cyclone Evan, which hit the country in December 2012.
In addition to short-term relief, the World Bank is investing in electronic vouchers with mobile phone technology that will deliver long-term recovery benefits.
The e-vouchers will be used by nearly 7,400 farmers and fishermen to help boost income and agriculture production.
Reconstruction effort helps those hit by cyclone
SITISENI AFUA FUGA AND HER RESILIENT FAMILY
More than 1,200 new homes have been built by Government in the Western Division in the past 16 months as part of the Tropical Cyclone Evans rehabilitation programme benefiting more than 3000 Fijians who lost their homes from the natural disaster.
The rehabilitation programme leaves close to 300 homes to be completed before the end of this year.
Acting Commissioner Western, Luke Moroivalu said the completion of more than a thousand homes is testament of Government’s development objectives to ensure that all Fijians are empowered to contribute positively.
The Pacific region is frequently hit by natural calamities such as floods, earthquakes and cyclones. Pacific countries rank among the highest in casualties and people affected per inhabitant.
Promoting and enabling active participation of both women and men in training, planning and decision-making for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and emergency response is crucial for reducing vulnerability to natural calamities in the Pacific.
SUBMITTED BY RACHEL KYTE ON SUN, 08/31/2014
This document is an output from a project funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) for the benefit of developing countries. In the wake of two major flood events and a cyclone occurring between January and December 2012, we conducted a state-of-the-science assessment of disaster risk reduction for flooding in the Ba and Penang River catchments in Viti Levu, Fiji to identify the most cost-effective management options for communities and households.
Building Back Better
64 other cyclone-Evan affected households are now eligible for a cyclone proof dwelling with enhanced resilience.
The shelter has been designed and engineered to withstand cyclonic winds, earthquakes and periodic surface flooding. The shelters are based on the concept of traditional Samoan Faleo’o Tropical cyclone
Evan struck Samoa on December 13, 2012 with a total estimated cost of damages and losses of $210.6 million USD which was significant for the small size of the Samoan economy.