Lesotho: Food Insecurity - 2012-2013
In October 2012, Lesotho faced a food insecurity crisis which affected 725,215 people. This slow onset disaster became chronic in 2012, when the country experienced above normal rainfall, resulting in residual moisture through the months of May to August, which impacted on crop yield. (IFRC, 3 Dec 2013)
In 2012, the combined production of cereals in Lesotho was the lowest in 10 years, representing only 32% of the average annual harvest. (UN Resident Coordinator for Lesotho, 20 Jul 2012)
The government declared a food crisis situation on 9 Aug 2012 and called on development partners to assist. (UN Resident Coordinator for Lesotho, 24 Aug 2012)
Despite a number of challenges experienced by farmers during the 2012/13 cropping season, cereal production in 2013 was significantly higher than the previous year’s below average harvest and the five year average. This increased cereal availability continued to improve household food insecurity outcomes. Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity was projected to prevail through December. (FEWS, 25 Jul 2013)
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Over 142,000 people in ten countries will benefit; includes emergency responses in South Sudan and northern Nigeria
Over 142,000 people in ten countries will benefit from fourteen projects totaling $3.7 committed by Canadian Foodgrains Bank in November.
The projects are being implemented by Foodgrains Bank members ADRA Canada, Canadian Baptist Ministries, Emergency Relief and Development Overseas (ERDO), Mennonite Central Committee Canada, Presbyterian World Service & Development and World Renew, in collaboration with their local partners.
28 April 2015, Rome - Southern Africa's maize harvest is expected to shrink this year by some 26 percent compared with 2014's bumper crop, a situation that could trigger food price increases and adversely affect recent food security gains, FAO warned today.
For 2015, the early production forecast for maize - a staple food throughout the subregion - stands at about 21.1 million tonnes, some 15 percent lower than the average for the last five years, FAO noted.
FAO has further raised its estimate of the 2014 world cereal production and its forecast for global cereal stocks. Early prospects for cereal supplies in 2015/16 are mostly favourable, partly sustained by large stocks accumulated over the previous two seasons.
FAO’s first forecast for global wheat production in 2015 indicates a likely small contraction, mostly reflecting an expected decline in Europe from last year’s record output.
Lesotho Emergency and Resilience Programme (ERP), implemented by FAO and the Government of Lesotho since 2012, has been retained as Finalist in the “Expo Milano 2015 Call for Best Sustainable Development Practices (BSDP)”. The BSDP is a competition organised by the Universal Exposition taking place in Milan (Italy) from 1st of May to 31st of October 2015 having as a theme “Feeding the planet, energy for life”.
Recently, farmers in Lesotho have been consistently obtaining low yields from their staple crops. This has affected food production as well as considerably reducing incomes.
World cereal production in 2014 is forecast to surpass last year’s record, boosting stocks to a 15-year high.
Maize export prices increased significantly in November supported by lower than previously expected yields of the 2014 crop in the United States of America. Wheat export prices strengthened in general, while rice quotations declined. Overall, however, cereal export prices persisted at levels below those of a year earlier, reflecting ample global supplies.
Iraq:Up to 13% of IDPs are located in areas that are currently not considered accessible by humanitarian actors. The overall number and geographical spread of IDPs pose a major challenge for provision of assistance. Approximately 1.5 million individuals are in need of emergency food assistance. An estimated 580,000 people are in urgent need of emergency shelter assistance.
The affected population that will require humanitarian assistance is estimated at 447,760 people for a period of 4-5 months from October/November 2014 to February/March 2015.
The estimated requirement for intervention for the 4-5 months period is 32,108 metric tonnes of maize equivalent or 257,861,320 Maloti.
The current assessment findings will hold as long as:
There are stable food prices throughout the season.
Snapshot 22-29 July 2014
oPt: 1,067 are reported killed in Gaza since the beginning of Operation Protective Edge. 215,000 people have been displaced, and shelter conditions are a major concern. Damage to critical infrastructure, including the only power station in Gaza and health facilities, is heavily restricting access to basic services. Insecurity is also impeding humanitarian access.
Resilience refers to the ability of a system, communities and households to endure stresses and shocks.
Southern Africa as a region is characterized by high levels of vulnerability.
Recent momentum around the resilience building agenda in Lesotho and Malawi shows great promise.
A groundbreaking resilience framework is being developed to guide future activities in the region
In response to the 2012 food insecurity crisis in Lesotho, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security (MAFS) designed a three-year cycle programme to assist 18 500 households with agricultural inputs and know-how on agricultural technologies helping communities to adapt to climate change, building their resilience to better withstand future shocks.
• During the first quarter of 2014, the global cereal price index decreased by 19% year-on-year, and slightly increased by 1% compared to the previous quarter.
• Nominal prices of maize (-31%), wheat (-8%) and rice (-23%) are significantly below a year ago due to strong supplies.
• Real prices2 of maize are up by 5% since the last quarter of 2013 given a surge in demand and high trade forecasts against comfortable stock levels after 2013 record crops.
NATIONAL FOOD AVAILABILITY
Lesotho’s main food crops produced include maize, sorghum (for food and beer), and wheat. Maize and sorghum are grown throughout the country in summer (October to April), with the most productive areas in the Lowlands and Foothills. Winter wheat is common in the Mountains (May to September) (Figure 3).
RECENT FOOD SECURITY CRISES
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2014
The British Red Cross provided help to an emergency appeal in Lesotho, where nearly three quarters of a million people were in desperate need of food.
Faced with a chronic food shortage affecting more than 725,000 people, the government of Lesotho declared a state of emergency in August 2012.
The Lesotho Red Cross launched an emergency appeal and, thanks to support from people like you, we contributed £69,000. We also sent a member of staff to help.
Causes and response
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2014
In Syria, government military aircraft targeted rebel-held districts in the northern city of Aleppo, killing at least 15 people according to opposition activists. In parallel, Damascus announced that it had retaken control of the key Damascus – Homs supply highway after gaining ground in the battle for the strategic Qalamoun region. London and Washington decided to suspend all non-lethal assistance to the Syrian opposition fearing that military equipment may fall under the control of Islamic radical groups.