Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
A combination of factors including, the 2011 drought, high food prices, low agricultural production, as well as the inability of affected households to recover from the 2010 food and nutrition crisis, exacerbated the sub-region’s vulnerability in 2012. Moreover, the 2010-2011 crises in Cote d’Ivoire and Libya also contributed to increasing the vulnerability of hundreds of thousands of households that were deprived of the remittances of migrant workers who had fled these conflicts. Their return has also placed additional strain on their communities of return, notably in Chad, Niger and Mali. In 2012, approximately 18.7 million people were estimated to be food insecure and over one million children were at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2012)
In 2012, and for the third time in ten years, the Sahel region was hit by a major drought which further weakened vulnerable communities. The scale of the resulting food and nutrition crisis required all actors to join forces to save the lives of the 24 million people affected. A three-year regional plan was developed in 2013 aiming to deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies while shaping the response to chronic needs in nine countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and The Gambia. (OCHA, 30 Aug 2017)
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
Appeals & Response Plans
Following are UN Deputy Secretary‑General Amina Mohammed’s remarks to the Peacebuilding Commission meeting on the Sahel, in New York today:
Following are UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed’s remarks, as prepared for delivery, at the General Assembly side event “Rebuilding Shattered Lives and Communities: Chibok and Yezidi Girls and Women”, in New York today:
I am honoured to be with you today for this important event. I thank the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the co-sponsors, Canada, Denmark, Iraq, Nigeria and the European Union, for bringing us together to focus on the urgent challenge of rebuilding shattered lives and communities.
Following are UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed's remarks, as prepared for delivery, on the Lake Chad Basin and Sahel at the Family Planning Summit, in London today:
The Sahel and the Lake Chad Basin regions face similar interconnected challenges — climate change, repeated droughts and environmental decline; insecurity and instability caused by violent extremism and terrorism; and growing numbers of internally displaced persons.
N’Djamena, 1 juin 2017 – Le Système des Nations Unies, l'Institut International de la Paix (IPI) et le Département fédéral des affaires étrangères de la Confédération suisse (DFAE), ont organisé une rencontre de haut niveau sur le thème : « Investir dans la Paix et la Prévention de la Violence au Sahel-Sahara ».
Following are UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed’s remarks to the open debate of the Security Council on sexual violence in conflict, in New York today:
Addis Abéba, New York, Abuja et Bruxelles, le 7 mars 2017: L'Union africaine (UA), les Nations unies, la Communauté économique des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEDEAO) et l'Union européenne (UE), en leur qualité de membres de l'Équipe de médiation appuyant la mise en œuvre de l'Accord pour la paix et la réconciliation au Mali issu du Processus d'Alger, félicitent les parties signataires pour l’installation effective des autorités intérimaires à Kidal, le 28 février, et à Ménaka et Gao, le 2 mars.
Addis Abbaba, New York, Abuja and Brussels, 7 March 2017: The African Union (AU), the United Nations (UN), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and the European Union (EU) -- in their capacity as members of the Mediation Team supporting the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali resulting from the Algiers Process -- commend the parties to the Agreement for the effective launch on 28 February of the interim authorities in Kidal and on 2 March in Ménaka and Gao.
On compte près de 240 tués parmi ce personnel au cours des cinq dernières années, les « cibles molles » étant de plus en plus exposées
Au moins 32 membres du personnel des Nations Unies et du personnel associé ont été tués en 2016 dans l’exercice de leurs fonctions, selon le Comité permanent sur la sécurité et l’indépendance de la fonction publique internationale du Syndicat du personnel de l’ONU.
Almost 240 Have Died in Last 5 Years, with ‘Soft’ Targets Increasingly at Risk, Says Staff Union Standing Committee
At least 32 United Nations and associated personnel were killed in the line of duty over the course of 2016, according to the Standing Committee for the Security and Independence of the International Civil Service of the United Nations Staff Union.
- Female Genital Mutilation in Nigeria must end, says wife of President
- UN opens condolence books in Abuja, Lagos to honour late SecretaryGeneral Boutros Ghali
- UNAIDS Executive Director hails Nigeria for halting the spread of HIV
- UN Chief for refugees protection assures UNCT of more support
FG reaffirms support to UN as new RC presents Letters of Credence
MISSION D’EVALUATION CONJOINTE DES BESOINS DE LA REFORME DU SECTEUR DE LA SECURITE AU MALI
On 1 February 2015, the United Nations (UN)–African Union (AU) Joint Task Force (JTF) on Peace and Security held its 10th consultative meeting at the AU Headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on the margins of the 24th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union. The AU Commission and the UN Secretariat were represented respectively by Commissioners Smail Chergui (Peace and Security) and Aisha Abdullahi (Political Affairs) and the Under-Secretaries-General Jeffrey Feltman (Political Affairs), Hervé Ladsous (Peacekeeping Operations), and Haile Menkerios, UN Office to the AU.
Following are UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson’s remarks at the high-level briefing by the African Regional Economic Communities to Member States of the United Nations, in New York today:
First of all, I want to welcome all the high-level representatives of the African Regional Economic Communities present here today. I am honoured to speak to you.
We meet at a turbulent and, at the same time, [a] dynamic time at the United Nations.
(New York, 1 February 2013) Mr. Adama Dieng, Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide, warned today of the increasing risk of reprisal attacks against ethnic Tuareg and Arab civilian populations in the Timbuktu, Kidal and Gao regions of northern Mali. “While the liberation of towns once under the control of the rebel and extremist groups has brought hope to the populations of northern Mali, I am deeply concerned at the risk of reprisal attacks against ethnic Tuareg and Arab civilians.
DSG : Je vais commencer en français, si vous permettez, mais je vais continuer en anglais et vous pouvez poser les questions en anglais ou en français. C’est pour moi un grand plaisir de rentrer à Genève ; c’est un peu avec nostalgie parce que la première fois que j’ai passé des mois ici c’était pendant la guerre, après la guerre entre Iran et Iraq. Moi, j’étais l’envoyé spécial de l’ONU et j’ai négocié ici dans ce bâtiment pendant des mois à cette époque-là assez dramatique.
"Too often households and communities do not have the capability to withstand the damaging effects of the multiple climate and market shocks they are facing.
Following is a transcript of UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson’s press conference held in New York, 2 October:
GENÈVE – 19 juillet 2012 - Le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies pour l'Afrique de l'Ouest, M. Saïd Djinnit, a évoqué la situation dans les pays de la région au cours d'une conférence de presse donnée ce matin au Palais des Nations à Genève et animée par la Directrice du Service de l'information, Mme Corinne Momal-Vanian.
Following is UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson’s address to the nineteenth Summit of the African Union, in Addis Ababa on 15 July:
Thank you for inviting and welcoming me to this important Summit of the African Union.
I take up my new post as Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations in the footsteps of a very distinguished African, Her Excellency Asha-Rose Migiro, who left a sterling record of service to the world Organization. I want to build on her legacy.
Following are UN Deputy Secretary-General Asha-Rose Migiro’s remarks to the African Ambassadors’ Group on “Building on Africa’s Recent Progress”, in Washington, D.C., 23 May:
I am honoured to address this distinguished group. I feel very much at home. Every year on Africa Day, we recognize the people and promise of Africa.