Sahel Crisis: 2011-2018Ongoing
In the Sahel, extreme poverty, climate change, armed conflict and insecurity continue to threaten the lives of millions already living on the brink. These interdependent drivers are behind the staggering levels of structural, chronic and acute vulnerability present in the region. Where the chronic seasonal cycle is broken, progress and success can be seen. Where conflict hits, hard-won gains are quickly lost and new challenges appear.
Communities across the region remain highly vulnerable. In 2017, around 30 million people are expected to face food insecurity, and almost 12 million of them at crisis and emergency levels. Pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, and risks of locusts have been identified in Mauritania and neighboring areas. The situation of people living in the conflict-affected regions of Mali and the Lake Chad Basin, is particularity critical.
In 2017, in the more stable regions of the Sahel such as Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Senegal, where needs are driven by chronic vulnerability, humanitarian action has been fully aligned with resilience and development frameworks.
Lake Chad Basin: The scale of suffering remains huge and is expected to grow: around 11 million people will require assistance in 2017. Humanitarian partners have requested US$1.5 billion to provide aid to 8.2 million people. While the response strategy focuses us on providing emergency, life-saving assistance, humanitarian actors are also calling for a collaborative approach to help address the deeper causes of the Lake Chad Basin crisis that include abject poverty, the impact of climate change, rapid population growth and under-investment in social services. At the Oslo conference on 24 Feb 2017, 14 donors pledged $458 million for relief in 2017 and an additional $214 million was announced for 2018 and beyond. (OCHA, 24 Feb 2017)
Mali: Needs remain high with more than 3.5 million people being food insecure and some 852,000 people in need of nutrition assistance. More than 37,000 people remain internally displaced. The majority of those in need of assistance are in Mali’s northern region. In April 2017, the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 for $293 million was only 11.6% funded. OCHA warned of destabilizing consequences, as the humanitarian situation is quickly deteriorating as a direct result of the conflict. (OCHA, 28 Apr 2017)
For 2017, the humanitarian community will require US$ 2.66 billion to help 15 million people, across 8 countries. (OCHA, 7 Dec 2016)
As of 30 October 2017, the humanitarian response plan for West and Central Africa was 46% funded. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Sahel 2017 | Overview of humanitarian needs and requirements EN/FR
- Sahel 2016 | Rapport de suivi périodique (Octobre-Decembre)
- Sahel: 2014 - 2016 Regional Humanitarian Response Strategy Reviewed
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A joint initiative of the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) will boost agriculture value chains and enhance drought resilience in Nigeria, Somalia and Uganda. The initiative is part of a broad coalition to boost collaboration between the two institutions in agriculture, water and sanitation. The combined active portfolio of both institutions in these sectors in Nigeria, Somalia and Uganda is worth US$1 billion, with several projects in the pipelines to expand their support.
With the main farming season coming to a close in northeastern Nigeria, over 66 000 people affected by conflict are harvesting food – many for the first time in three years – thanks to a €4 million from Germany’s Federal Foreign Office. In many of the targeted districts, FAO provided the sorghum and cowpea seeds with fertilizers alongside food and cash assistance from the World Food Programme, meaning hungry families had an immediate source of food while they planted their crops.
In 2017, CERF was one of the first responders to warning signs in North-east Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen where more than 20 million people were near famine. By end-August, CERF had released nearly US$128 million in grants and loan to support the most critical early action and life-saving activities prioritized by the humanitarian team in each country, making it one of the largest funding sources in the early stages of the response.
8043rd Meeting (AM)
Many points of convergence on South Sudan, the Lake Chad Basin and Somalia had emerged during the Security Council’s eleventh joint consultative meeting with the African Union Peace and Security Council in Addis Ababa from 5 to 9 September, Ethiopia’s representative said as he briefed members today.
In July 2017 the Peace and Security Council (PSC) discussed the situation in Guinea-Bissau, renewed the mandate of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and looked at the security implications of the free movement of goods and people in Africa.
On 11 July the PSC held a meeting on Guinea-Bissau. It supported the efforts of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to ensure the implementation of the Conakry Agreement signed on 19 October 2016.
The reality of the escalating famine lingers among some of the world’s most vulnerable groups of people in Eastern Africa, and beyond. Having already endured the effects of civil war, poverty, and terrorism, the intensifying need for humanitarian assistance continues to increase throughout Somalia, South Sudan, Yemen, and northern Nigeria.
Further to the last situation update , Somalia continues to be one of the worst-affected countries, as forecast by the Famine Early Warning Systems (FEWS) Network and the International Red Cross, famine is likely to be declared in late 2017 in the state of Puntland, Somaliland and South West, Somalia.
ROME – Le Canada fournit 50 millions de dollars canadiens pour un programme commun de 5 ans sur la résilience mis en œuvre par les agences des Nations Unies.
Les agences des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture entreprennent un programme commun sans précédent pour cinq ans pour travailler avec les communautés vulnérables dans trois zones sujettes aux crises. Ce programme vise à répondre aux besoins immédiats en nourriture et à améliorer la résilience de ces populations, tout en s’attachant aux causes originelles de l’insécurité alimentaire.
ROME – The United Nations’ food and agriculture agencies are embarking on an unprecedented joint programme to work with vulnerable communities in three crisis-prone areas over five years to meet their immediate food needs and boost their resilience, while addressing the root causes of food insecurity.
Over 20 million people in north-east Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia are already at or over the tipping point of famine. Thanks to the generosity of its donors, CERF has released $117.5 million for early action and life-saving operations in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen. In north-east Nigeria, an allocation of $22 million is reaching an estimated 2.9 million people affected by Boko Haram related violence and food insecurity. In Somalia, CERF has allocated $33 million to help vulnerable people in severe drought areas in Puntland, Somaliland and South Central.
The humanitarian crisis unleashed by drought in Somalia has again highlighted the close links between extreme weather and food security. But how exactly are the two connected? And what can farmers in developing countries do to lessen the negative effects of climate change? This Q&A provides an overview of the key issues, with a focus on smallholders in Africa.
What is food security?
Study Pinpoints Link Between Food Shortages and Attacks by Extremists, Insurgents
Wednesday, May 24, 2017 / BY: Ore Koren
Group of Seven leaders meeting in Taormina, Sicily, this week should take the lead in fighting famine and immediately fund nearly half ($2.9 billion) of the UN’s urgent appeal to avoid catastrophic hunger and more deaths, urged Oxfam today. Without an immediate and sweeping response, this crisis will spiral out of control.
Further delay will cost more lives.
In a crisis, the most effective way to distribute relief is to give families cash so they can then spend, as best suits their needs. Research shows that cash assistance can often provide more emergency relief for fewer funds. In the present hunger crisis in parts of Africa and Yemen, cash assistance is saving lives on a daily basis.
Over 20 million people in north-east Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia are already at or over the tipping point of famine. Thanks to the generosity of its donors,CERF has released $93 million for early action and life-saving operations in Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan. In north-east Nigeria, an allocation of $22 million is reaching an estimated 2.9 million people affected by Boko Haram related violence and food insecurity. In Somalia, CERF has allocated $33 million to help vulnerable people in severe drought areas in Puntland, Somaliland and South Central.
Over 20 million people in north-east Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia are already at or over the tipping point of famine. Thanks to the generosity of its donors, CERF has released $62 million for early action and life-saving operations in Nigeria and Somalia. In north-east Nigeria, CERF funds are reaching an estimated 2.9 million people affected by Boko Haram related violence and food insecurity. In Somalia, CERF is helping more than 1 million vulnerable people in severe drought areas in Puntland, Somaliland and South Central.
Head of government services for west and central Africa at African Risk Capacity
Disaster insurance offers a new model for economic self-sufficiency. In African countries, every $1 invested saves $4.40 in the aftermath of an emergency
Drought is a slow and predictable natural disaster. We know it will happen again, and we know much of its effects are preventable if money is invested at the right time. So why do we wait for people to die from hunger induced by droughts before we start calling for emergency relief money?